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NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes
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NEW STANDARDS 6th grade Plants1: classification & processes

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  • 1. Classification & Processes 1
  • 2. PLANTS: How are plants divided up? How are they related? How are they different? Nomenclature: (naming of species)
  • 3. PLANTS Nonvascular Vascular Mosses Lichens NOT A PLANT: Fungi/ lichen mushrooms SEEDS NO-SEEDS Angiosperms Gymnosperms Monocots Dicots Conifers NO-SEEDS Ferns Horsetails
  • 4. <ul><li>Nonvascular plants (“lacking vessels”), short & delicate </li></ul><ul><li>A. NOT PLANTS: 1) lichens : grow on tree; looks like scales/shells </li></ul><ul><li> 2) fungi/mushrooms : grow on the ground </li></ul><ul><li>B. Mosses </li></ul><ul><li>1. cling to damp soil, rocks, shady trees </li></ul><ul><li>2. are tiny plants (1-2 inches tall) </li></ul><ul><li>3. leaves are only 1-2 cells thick </li></ul><ul><li>4. anchored with rhizoids (hair-like fibers)-not roots. </li></ul><ul><li>5. seedless; grow from spores </li></ul>http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/11/Green_tree_moss.jpg ADVANCE
  • 5. http://botit.botany.wisc.edu/images/332/lichens/foliose_lichen_130_d.html BACK
  • 6. http://morelsandmore.com/Morchella%20esculenta%2023.jpg BACK
  • 7. http://qwickstep.com/search/moss-plants.html BACK http://www.brotherslawn.com/node/37 http://www.art.com/products/p356936734-sa-i4007818/john-barbara-gerlach-carpet-of-haircap-moss-gametophytes-on-the-forest-floor-north-america.htm
  • 8. <ul><li>II. Vascular: “having vessels” to carry water/minerals up & down the plant </li></ul><ul><li>divided into Seedless & seeds </li></ul>SEEDLESS SEEDS Vascular REMINDER: Mark plant classification chart
  • 9. SEEDLESS : do not have seeds; use spores to reproduce, grow tall & thick EXAMPLE: fern VIDEO (1 min) http://www.freefoto.com/images/9909/06/9909_06_6179---Fern_web.jpg?&k=Fern http://www.shadegarden.net/wp-content/uploads/2008/07/cinnamon-fern.jpg http://eatdrinkbetter.com/2008/05/05/lovin-fresh-fiddlehead-ferns/ REMINDER: Mark plant classification chart
  • 10. SEEDS: GYMNOSPERMS ANGIOSPERMS 1. Gymnosperms (naked seed); no flowers; oldest kind of seed plants, they like cold/dry climates, use sexual reproduction, -needs something to spread the pollen (male part) to the egg (female part) for a seed to be made… WIND produce seeds on female cones http://www.netstate.com/states/symb/flowers/images/pine_cone_tassel.jpg REMINDER: Mark plant classification chart HSW Video: Gymnosperms 1 min )
  • 11. Conifer http://www.bentler.us/eastern-washington/plants/trees/ponderosa.aspx http://www.panzhihua-university.com/pictures/cycads.jpg Cycad http://www.gardenexpress.com.au/images/P/Cycad-01.jpg
  • 12. <ul><li>2. Angiosperms (flowering) produce flowers, form the largest division in plant kingdom; live lots of places/climates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use sexual reproduction/ pollination - needs something to spread pollen to egg… INSECTS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>form seeds inside their fruits </li></ul></ul>VIDEO: HSW Angiosperms 1 min VIDEO: HSW Plant reproduction 1 min
  • 13. <ul><ul><li>trick insects into pollinating them by having colorful, fragrant flowers & sweet nectar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>trick animals into transporting and ‘planting’ seed by making a yummy fruit for the animal to ingest & later pass as waste </li></ul></ul>http://4nutshells.com/the-pollen/ http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2010/12/101229-bees-collapse-viruses-animals-science/
  • 14. <ul><ul><li>Examples: fruits, vegetables, grains, most nuts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have a seed leaf or COTYLEDONS (2 kinds) </li></ul></ul>Cotyledon: first leaves http://plantgasm.com/archives/3451 Angiosperms MONOCOTS DICOTS
  • 15. <ul><li>COTYLEDONS: </li></ul><ul><li>Monocots have one cotyledon, (corn, rice, wheat, grasses) </li></ul><ul><li>Dicots have 2 cotyledons (bean plant, roses, cacti) </li></ul>http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Monocot_vs_dicot_crop_Pengo.jpg
  • 16. Plant Parts: What are the parts of a plant? What are their jobs?
  • 17. What parts do you know? What do they do for the plant? <ul><li>Parts of a plant: What are they for? </li></ul><ul><li>Seeds </li></ul><ul><li>Roots </li></ul><ul><li>Stem </li></ul><ul><li>Leaves </li></ul><ul><li>Flowers </li></ul><ul><li>Makes more of the plant (babies) </li></ul><ul><li>Takes in water, anchors it, stops erosion </li></ul><ul><li>Holds up plant, water up & down </li></ul><ul><li>Makes food for the plant, breathes </li></ul><ul><li>Attracts a pollinator to make a seed </li></ul>
  • 18.  
  • 19. Plant Life cycle
  • 20. What do plants need to survive? water Air (carbon dioxide) Soil (minerals) sunlight
  • 21. LAB: Students design an experiment to test for needs of a plant : Choose a variable- Sunlight Water Soil Air
  • 22. <ul><li>Important processes: </li></ul><ul><li>Germination process by which a seed sprouts </li></ul><ul><li>Pollination process of spreading pollen to fertilize a flower’s egg to make a seed </li></ul><ul><li>Transpiration leaves releasing water into the air </li></ul><ul><li>Respiration leaves releasing oxygen </li></ul><ul><li>Photosynthesis plants turn sunlight into food </li></ul>
  • 23. PLANT PARTS: Seeds LINK (Seamon ppt) Roots LINK (Seamon ppt) Leaves LINK (Seamon ppt) Stem LINK (Seamon ppt) Flowers LINK (Seamon ppt)
  • 24. Biodiversity Video Biology: Plants (17 min) PLANTS video United Streaming VIDEO (20 min) PLANTS video united Streaming: plants and humans ( 15 min) The Ecotree LINK The Wild Classroom LINK
  • 25. <ul><li>PLANT LABS: </li></ul><ul><li>Leaves: Identify & graph your collection into journal; view & draw fern spores; Answer questions in Plant Journal. </li></ul><ul><li>Flowers: identify & draw 5 local spring flowers on white paper. Glue into journal. Roots: identify fibrous & taproots; draw 7 label root parts in journal; Answer questions in Plant Journal. </li></ul><ul><li>Seeds: seed dissection: label 3 parts of the seed into journal; observe pine nuts in pinecones-- sketch into journal; Answer questions in Plant Journal. </li></ul><ul><li>Stems: Compare three different types of bark. Notice the color & texture. How do the grains run? Is there a pattern? Create a bark rubbing with a dark crayon (rubbed sideways). Sketch the three specimens. </li></ul>Header:
  • 26. <ul><li>LAB: LEAVES </li></ul><ul><li>RULES: BE GENTLE WITH THE LEAVES. They are fragile! </li></ul><ul><li>What kinds of leaves are in your envelope? ___________, ______________, _______________, _______________, ______________ </li></ul><ul><li>Write how many of each kinds of leaves on the lines above. </li></ul><ul><li>Sketch one of the leaves, labeling the blade, veins, midriff, & petiole </li></ul><ul><li>What are the three processes performed by the leaves for the plant. _______________, ______________, _______________ </li></ul><ul><li>What is the difference between a simple leaf and a compound leaf? _____________________________________________________________ </li></ul>Header: Leaf Bank: oak, maple, dogwood, elm, beech, redbud, sweetgum
  • 27. <ul><li>LAB: SEEDS </li></ul><ul><li>RULES: BE CAREFUL DISSECTING THE SEEDS. </li></ul><ul><li>What is the purpose of a seed? ______________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>What is the process of a seed sprouting into a young plant? ________________ </li></ul><ul><li>How do seeds travel? _____________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>What is the difference between a monocot & a dicot? _____________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Sketch the following parts of your dissected lima bean seeds: (seed coat, cotyledon, small embryo) </li></ul><ul><li>Name 5 seeds that we eat. __________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ </li></ul>Header:
  • 28. <ul><li>LAB: ROOTS </li></ul><ul><li>RULES: BE GENTLE WITH THE ROOTS. They are wilting! </li></ul><ul><li>What is the purpose of a root for a plant? ____________________, __________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>What part of the root that carries water up the plant? _____________ </li></ul><ul><li>What part of the root carries water & nutrients down the plant? _____________ </li></ul><ul><li>Sketch & label the roots you have in your station into your journal. (root hairs, rootcap, fibrous root, taproot) </li></ul><ul><li>What is the difference between a fibrous root and a taproot? ________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Name some roots that we eat. ________________________ _________________________________________________ </li></ul>Header:
  • 29. <ul><li>LAB: STEM </li></ul><ul><li>RULES: BE GENTLE WITH THE BARK SPECIMENS. </li></ul><ul><li>What is the purpose of a stem for a plant? ______________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Compare three different types of bark. Notice the color & texture. How do the grains run? Is there a pattern? Sketch the three specimens. </li></ul><ul><li>What is a vine?___________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>What is a runner? __________________________________ </li></ul>Header:
  • 30. FLOWER Dissection Dissect your flower, sketch and label the following parts. Male parts BLUE Stamen Anther pollen Female parts RED Pistil Stigma Ovary: Egg OTHER: Sepals Petals
  • 31. FLOWER Dissection Dissect your flower, sketch and label the following parts. Male parts BLUE Stamen Anther pollen Female parts RED Pistil Stigma Ovary: Egg OTHER: Sepals Petals

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