Starting with Linux
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Starting with Linux



Starting with Linux by Mesi Rendón

Starting with Linux by Mesi Rendón
Basic concepts for newbies



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Starting with Linux Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Starting with Linux Mesi Rendón @mesirendon 1 Starting with Linux
  • 2. Type of installation 2 Starting with Linux
  • 3. Dual bootLive CDFresh installVirtual installation 3 Starting with Linux
  • 4. Selecting a distro 4 Starting with Linux
  • 5. 5Starting with Linux
  • 6. Stable code baseChangingUpgrading softwareUpgrading between versionsLarge developer base 6 Starting with Linux
  • 7. 7 Starting with Linux
  • 8. Solid, quality Linux distro (Long history)Its the base for another famous Linux distros (e.g. Ubuntu)Non-profit, non-commercialApplicable to a wide range of users and usesEasily obtained and updated 8 Starting with Linux
  • 9. Starting the installation 9 Starting with Linux
  • 10. Partitioning Hard Drives in Linux 10 Starting with Linux
  • 11. 11Starting with Linux
  • 12. Directory Structure of Linux 12 Starting with Linux
  • 13. 13Starting with Linux
  • 14. /bin Essential binary commands/boot Boot loader static files/dev Devices files/etc System specific configuration/root Roots home file/home Users home folder/lib Kernel modules and essential shared libraries/libX Alternative essential shared libraries/media Removable devices mount point/mnt Temporary filesystem mount point/opt Additional software packs/sbin Essentail system binaries/srv Service data provided by the system/tmp Temporary files/usr Secondary hierarchy/var Variable data 14 Starting with Linux
  • 15. In Linux everything is a file. 15 Starting with Linux
  • 16. Filesystem 16 Starting with Linux
  • 17. File Persmissions 17 Starting with Linux
  • 18. chown [OPTION]... [OWNER][:[GROUP]] FILE...-c, --changes like verbose but report only when a change is made--dereference affect the referent of each symbolic link, rather than the symlink-h, --no-dereference affect each symbolic link instead of any referenced file--from=CURRENT_OWNER:CURRENT_GROUPchange the owner and/or group of each file only if its current owner and/or group match thosespecified here. Either may be omitted, in which case a match is not required for the omittedattribute.--no-preserve-root do not treat / specially (the default)--preserve-root fail to operate recursively on /-f, --silent, --quiet suppress most error messages--reference=RFILE use RFILEs owner and group rather than specifyingOWNER:GROUP values-R, --recursive operate on files and directories recursively-v, --verbose output a diagnostic for every file processedThe following options modify how a hierarchy is traversed when the -R option is also specified.If more than one is specified, only the final one takes effect.-H if a command line argument is a symbolic link to a directory,traverse it-L traverse every symbolic link to a directory encountered-P do not traverse any symbolic links (default)--help display this help and exit--version output version information and exit 18 Starting with Linux
  • 19. chmod [options] mode[,mode] file1 [file2 ...] # Permission rwx 7 Full 111 6 Read and write 110 5 Read and execute 101 4 Read only 100 3 Write and execute 011 2 Write only 010 1 Execute only 001 0 None 000 19 Starting with Linux
  • 20. chmod [references][operator][modes] file ... Ref Class Description u User Owner of the file g Group Users who are members of the files group o Others Users who are neither the owner nor the files group a All All of above or ugo Op Description + Adds the specified modes to the specified classes - Removes the specified modes from the specified classes The modes specified are to be made the exact modes for = the specified classesMode Name Description r Read Read a file or list a directorys contents w Write Write to a file or directory x Execute Execute a file or recurse a directory tree 20 Starting with Linux
  • 21. Starting with Linux by Mesi Rendón is licensed under aCreative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. 21 Starting with Linux