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JISC's Greening ICT Programme
 

JISC's Greening ICT Programme

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Slides from a presentation to the Environmental Association of Universities and Colleges' Annual Conference at the University of York, April 2011

Slides from a presentation to the Environmental Association of Universities and Colleges' Annual Conference at the University of York, April 2011

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  • Source: Suste-IT Report: http://www.goodcampus.org/files/files/5-JISC_16pp_Strategic_OverviewV5_LR.pdf
  • 1: Peter James
  • http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/programmes/greeningict/exploration.aspx
  • http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/programmes/greeningict/technical.aspx
  • New storage technologies: http://www.ed.ac.uk/news/all-news/memory-280311

JISC's Greening ICT Programme JISC's Greening ICT Programme Presentation Transcript

  • JISC’s Greening ICT Programme Rob Bristow Programme Manager – Green ICT Sustainability at your institution – EAUC Conference April 2011
  • Drivers for Green ICT
    • ICT Energy and carbon emissions
    • Carbon Reduction Commitment (CRC)
    • Funding council drivers
    • Reduce costs
    • Improve efficiency
    • Enhance reputation
    • New ways of working and new paradigms for teaching, learning, research and administration
  • The Problem
    • 760,000 PCs
    • 215,000 servers
    • 147,000 networked printers
    • 512,000 Mwh of electricity
    • 275,000 tonnes of CO2
    • High costs - £116 million + in 2009 (Electricity HE & FE in UK)
    Picture: Josie Fraser Some rights reserved
  • Production Burdens
    • A typical semiconductor facility: - 591 million gallons DI water - 5.2 million pounds of chemicals - 8.8 million kwh of electricity
    • PC/LCD production - 1 ,000+ hazardous substances
    • High energy materials - 2.5 tonnes of rock - for 1 gram of gold
  • The Opportunity
    • Smarter systems, buildings and processes
    • Re-think the campus and the curriculum
    • De-materialisation, dis-aggregation and dis-intermediation
    • HE as exemplar for low-carbon IT
    • Green as driver for other efficiency gains
    • ICT as cost versus ICT as opportunity
  • Data Centres and Server Rooms
    • “ the physical reality of modern campus CyberInfrastructure (CI) is a complex network of ad hoc and sub-optimal energy environments in departmental facilities”
      • Green Light project - UC - San Diego http://greenlight.calit2.net /
    • But demand is growing
      • Processing
      • Storage – Exabytes of data
      • E-Science
    • EU Code of Conduct for Data Centres
    Picture: Josie Fraser Some rights reserved
  • The Desktop
    • Still over 50% of ICT energy use in most institutions
    • Thin client may not be best way to go
      • Balance back-end energy use with support costs, etc
    • Powerdown solutions available
      • Commercial
      • Open source (late 2011 – JISC funded project
    • User-owned devices and the infrastructure to support them
  • Printing and Print Substitution
    • “(Staff) printing is out of control 1 ”
      • Often only measure is how much paper gets bought
    • Tacking printing can raise difficult issues in some places
    • Form a cross-functional team and team and get the users on board
    • Roll out Multi-functional devices and cull desktop printers
    • Enable power-saving modes and duplex printing by default
    • 95% of energy associated with printing is the paper
    • Look at print substitution and handheld devices
  • Procurement
    • How to buy the best kit?
    • 50% of energy use is in the manufacture and distribution – 50% in lifetime use
    • Energy Star and EPEAT are useful yardsticks
    • Need for proper overview of total (environmental) cost of ownership
    • TCO Certified for Monitors
    • Disposal
      • Where is your kit ending up?
    • More difficult making valid comparisons when it comes to servers and the like
  • The Programme
    • Key objectives for the programme
    • Greening the sector - attitudinal and behaviour change embedded across the sector
    • New sustainable procurement paradigms
    • Sustainability seen as key driver and yardstick for sector activities
    • Harnessing of sector research activities
    • Intended outputs from this programme
    • Substantive body of knowledge illuminating areas of uncertainty in respect to Green ICT
    • Exemplar projects providing leadership and best practice example
    • Outcomes
    • Reduction of sector carbon footprint and associated energy costs
    • Increased capacity and expertise across the sector in sustainable ICT
    • Improved reputation of sector and UK as leaders in this area
    • Reduction in waste generated by ICT use
  • The story so far
    • Suste-IT Project
      • Year long look at Green ICT in HE and FE
      • Report, briefing papers, case studies
        • Carbon, Energy and Environmental Issues in Higher Education - Current Regulations and Schemes
        • Virtual Servers for Efficient and Flexible IT Infrastructure
        • Responsible Energy Costs in Higher and Further Education
      • Carbon Footprinting Tool
      • Thin/Thick Client tool
      • http://www.goodcampus.org/files/index.php?siteID=
  • Innovation Work
    • Research & Exploration
      • Growing the knowledge base
    • Technical Innovation
      • Joining things up, getting developers engaged in Green ICT
    • Estates led strand
      • Building capacity
      • Projects led by Estates Directors
    • Institutional Transformation
      • Re-thinking the campus and the curriculum
    • Community engagement
      • Working with EAUC & London Higher
  • Research & Exploration
    • Cloud computing
      • Work with colleges through 157 Group
    • Video-conferencing and events (The Welsh Video Network, HEEPI and Bristol)
    • Scientific computing and energy usage in labs (HEEPI)
    • How to engage users in owning the problem (De Montfort and Oxford)
    • Pledging systems (Pembrokeshire College)
    • How sustainable is thin-client (really)? (Leeds Met)
    • Exploring where the energy goes in the server room (Leeds Met)
  • Technical Innovation
    • Powering down super-computers (Oxford)
    • Rationalising file storage (Cardiff)
    • System to share high-end kit both with and across institutions (Loughborough)
    • Print substitution via e-Readers (Edgehill)
    • Widgets to display energy usage (De Montfort)
      • Open-source PC Powerdown solution (Aberystwyth)
      • Photo-voltaic-cells to power evaporative coolers in a data-centre (Worcester College)
  • Estates Engagement
    • Aim is to build capacity in Estates for working with innovation and to foster links with IT
    • Tackling laboratory energy use (Bradford)
    • Heat and light by timetable (Leeds Met)
    • Tackling heating and cooling overshoots
    • Further work to improve the legacy data-centre (Imperial College)
    • Photo-voltaic-cells to power evaporative coolers in a data-centre (Worcester College)
  • Institutional Transformation
    • Procurement and Scope 3 Emissions (De Montfort)
      • Getting a handle on the rest of the carbon
      • Good links with procurement, estates, and IT
    • Understanding the environmental implications of different modes of curriculum delivery (Open University)
      • Does it matter? What might be the best way forward?
    • Energy use and students (Coventry)
      • How to engage with this rapidly changing constituency
    • Academic events and travel (Bristol)
      • Understanding the place that travel has in academic life
  • Community Engagement
    • Embedding and uptake
    • Work with the EAUC to help institutions benchmark their ICT carbon footprint and develop action plans
    • Outreach beyond the innovation projects
    • Similar work with London HEIs run by London Higher
    • Support and Synthesis work by JISC Netskills
    • Links to other parts of JISC’s Organisational Support agenda
      • Strategic Management of ICT
      • Flexible Service Delivery and Enterprise Architectures
      • Cloud computing
    • Efficient , Effective and Environmentally Sustainable
  • London Higher Study - Results
  • Results to date
    • Phase I projects starting to report – headlines:
      • Planet Filestore Project (Cardiff) – shows relevance of moving infrequently accessed files to lower tiers of storage. Being funded to develop online decision application to allow others to see if this makes sense for them
    • Pembrokeshire College – Will be making their pledging system open source and releasing code and how-to guides
    • Thin client investigation at Leeds Met shows a well specified low power conventional PC is more efficient than thin-client in real world situations
    • Open source code from Oxford that helps people running high-performance computer clusters power down idle nodes
    • Review of e-Reader devices and their usefulness in paper substitution (Edgehill University)
  • Looking ahead – 2020 Agendas
    • Technology/material transitions
      • New storage technologies
    • Energy aware software
    • Net zero carbon - data centres – Paper Mills in Finland next to Hydro Dam - networks - supply chains
    • Local integration
    • Greening the cloud
    • http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/programmes/greeningict.aspx - JISC’s Greening ICT Programme
    • http://re.jrc.ec.europa.eu/energyefficiency/html/standby_initiative_data_centers.htm - EU C of C
    • http://greenict.jiscinvolve.org / - JISC’s Green ICT Blog
    • Good Campus Site
      • Home of Suste-IT outputs and much more
    • #greeningict - Tag in use on Twitter et al
    • Rob Bristow
      • Programme Manager (Green ICT)
      • [email_address]
      • +44 (0) 7825 823 282
      • Twitter: robbristow
      • Blog: http://greenict.jiscinvolve.org/
      • Mailing list: [email_address]
      • Sign up at:
        • http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/SUSTAINABLE-ICT