Indoor Air Pollution & Climate Change Contribute

489 views
369 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
489
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
12
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Indoor Air Pollution & Climate Change Contribute

  1. 1. Indoor Air Pollution & ClimateIndoor Air Pollution & Climate Change Contribute RahmanChange Contribute Rahman Renewable EnergyRenewable Energy Redwanoor Rahman ( BulBul) Managing Director Rahman Renewable Energy Palasbari West Para, Asuliya, Savar Dhaka, Bangladesh redwanoor@yahoo.com, redwanoor@gmail.com +00-88-01712-586110
  2. 2. Context : Energy Situation in Bangladesh  Around 100 Million people have no access to grid electricity  Only 3% people have access to gas through pipelines  Lack of energy is one of the major reasons for rural backwardness  There is potential of 4 million Biogas plants in the country  Climate in Bangladesh is suitable for Biogas production 3% 97% Beyond gas coverage Gas coverage
  3. 3. About Rahman Renewable Energy Rahman Renewable Energy Co. (RREC), Implementation of Renewable Energy program in Bangladesh. Established 2006 as profit company to promote technologies like Biogas- Domestic & Commercial Size, Small Solar Home System, Improved Cook Stoves etc in Rural, Urban Bangladesh.
  4. 4. Rahman Renewable Energy Programs  Domestic Biogas & Manure  Dissemination of Commercial Biogas Technology (power, community based)  Human & Kitchen West Based Biogas Technology  Popularizing Improved Cook Stoves (Household & Commercial )  Training and Capacity Building of Renewable Energy Sector  Provide Consultancy Service International Organization: World Bank, USAID, EU, Winrock International, UNHCR, GIZ, SNV, ACF
  5. 5. Organizational Status • Total Staff : 45 • Regional Offices : 3 • Unit Offices :12
  6. 6. Strategies • Follow IDCOL model for all the Biogas plant up to size 1.6m3 - 4.8 m3 • Follow model Commercial Biogas plant : size 6m3-450m3
  7. 7. Ongoing Projects Sl Name of the project Achieve ments Status 1 National Domestic Biogas By IDCOL/ SNV/ Kfw/WB 1385 ongoing 2 Commercial Biogas plant 129 ongoing 3 Improved Cook Stove 2512 ongoing 4 Bio-Electricity Plants under Waste to Energy By : IFC 45 ongoing 5 Consultancy: Climate Change, RGHGE, IAP 15 ongoing 6 Consultancy: Human West Based Biogas plant 37 ongoing
  8. 8. Target to 2016 5000 Biogas Plants by the year 2016 under IDCOL program 250 Biogas Plants by the year 2016 under Commercial Biogas plant 10,000 Improved Cook Stove Promotion 100% utilization of slurry- biogas 150 Biogas Power generation 50 Community based Biogas plant construction to supply cooking purposes, that’s IGA 100% Biogas & ICS are in operation
  9. 9. Biogas Biogas is produced decomposing organic materials (mainly animal wastes) in an anaerobic condition. Major component of this gas is methane (CH4). It has no color, smell and it burns like natural gas. This Biogas use cooking, power to lighting.
  10. 10. Why Biogas?  Our climate is suitable for biogas production  Raw materials are easily available  Technology is simple and locally available  All hazardous materials are the raw materials of a biogas digester like poultry farm waste  No access of natural gas in rural area  Shortage of electricity  Environmental Development
  11. 11. Improvements of Biogas System • Mixing Device • Turret • Pipeline • Hydraulic Chamber with slab • Burner • Slurry Processing • Water Drain • Cooking Practice
  12. 12. Constructing Commercial Biogas Plants
  13. 13. Commercial Biogas Plant
  14. 14. Domestic Biogas Plant
  15. 15. Poultry Farm Biogas
  16. 16. Economic of Biogas Technology • Saving of expenditures on fuel sources • Saved time to utilize in other income generation activities • Enhanced soil productivity because of the use bio-slurry (added N,P,K values) • Reduction in the quantity of chemical fertilizers due to the use of bio-slurry • Reduction on health expenditures due to decrease in smoke-borne diseases • Employment to local people • Private sector development that produces economic goods
  17. 17. Other Benefits of Biogas • Reduction of work load, especially for woman • Biomass Saving • Useable Organic Fertilizer • Better sanitation (if toilets attached) • Improvement of health condition by reducing Indoor Air Pollution (IAP) • Employment generation • Reduction of green house gas emission
  18. 18. Human Waste Based Biogas Plants to Refugee Camp
  19. 19. Refugee Camp Biogas Plant
  20. 20. COOKING & LIGHTING THROUGH BIOGAS
  21. 21. BIO SLURRY IN CABBAGE FIELDBIO SLURRY IN CABBAGE FIELD
  22. 22. Consultant of Human Waste Based Biogas Plant • Commercial Biogas Plant Construction, Refugee Camp-Kutupalong, Coxs- Bazaar. Funded: UNHCR. • 36 Nos.Commercial & Domestic Biogas Plant Construction, Unregistered Refugee Camp- Taknaf, Coxs- Bazaar, Program by Solidarity International, Funded: EC. • All Latrines cavers the Biogas system, 100% useful. • Other Refugee Camp Study to Biogas Feasibility. This camp same will be Construction Biogas plant & all latrines cavers the Biogas system.
  23. 23. Case Study: Mr. Johir, ChittagonjCase Study: Mr. Johir, Chittagonj • Poultry Farm: Constructed 2 biogas plants of size: 80m3 with the technical support from RREC in 2009, has a 15000 birds. • Total cost :Tk. 6,00000/- • His own investment was :Tk. 6,00000/- • He did not take any loan from Any Bank • Biogas plant owner supply gas community based cooking purpose : 65 families & 10 KW power generation. • He collecting/ Rent Tk.500/- per family/month ie Tk.32500/month • Payback period is only 18 months/ 1.5 Year
  24. 24. Case Study: Mr. Afser, ChittagonjCase Study: Mr. Afser, Chittagonj • Poultry Farm: Constructed 2 biogas plants of size: 250m3 with the technical support from RREC in 2011, has a 75000 birds. • Total cost :Tk. 1700000/- • His own investment was :Tk. 1700000/- • He did not take any loan from Any Bank • Biogas plant owner supply gas community based cooking purpose : 70 families & 30 KW power generation • He collecting/ Rent Tk.700/- per family/month ie Tk.49000/month • Oil save & slurry proposes income 40000/ month • Payback period is only 19 months/ 1.6 Year
  25. 25. Case Study: Mr. Kamal, ChittagonjCase Study: Mr. Kamal, Chittagonj • Poultry Farm: Constructed 3 biogas plants of size: 200m3 with the technical support from RREC in 2013, has a 30000 birds. • Total cost :Tk. 1600000/- • He take loan from AB Bank • Biogas plant owner supply gas community based cooking purpose : 50 families (now) But planning should be supply 120 families & 10 KW power generation • He collecting/ Rent Tk.1000/- per family/month ie Tk.50000/month • Oil save & slurry proposes income 25000/ month • Payback period will be 15 months/ 1.25 Year
  26. 26. Case Study: Dr. Sofiq, ComillaCase Study: Dr. Sofiq, Comilla • Poultry Farm: Constructed 2 biogas plants of size: 120m3 with the technical support from RREC in 2011, has a 20000 birds. • Total cost :Tk. 1200000/- • He take loan from BRAC Bank • Biogas plant owner supply gas community based cooking purpose : 40 families & 5 KW power generation • He collecting/ Rent Tk.1000/- per family/month ie Tk.40000/month • Oil save & slurry proposes income 25000/ month • Payback period will be 18 months/ 1.5 Year • Interesting Message 1st year flood affected slurry open the paddy land & finally paddy production very good and local farmer aware.
  27. 27. Community based Biogas Cooking
  28. 28. Budget for 2.4 m3 Biogas plant construction No Materials Amount Rate Total 1 Brick 1nos 1400 6.00 8400.00 2 Send 100 cft 15.00 1500.00 3 Stone/ max/chips 30 cft 60.00 1800.00 4 M.S Rod 10 mm 20 kg 60.00 1200.00 5 Cement 17 bag 450.00 7650.00 6 Polythene 0.50 kg 120.00 60.00 7 Plastic Paint 2 liter 165.00 330.00 8 Best quality 4’’ dia PVC pipe 16 ft 50.00 800.00 9 GI Wire (No 24 &10) 2.0 kg 105.00 210.00 10 Equipments: 5050 11 Earth digging & filling Contac 2500.00 2500.00 12 Biogas Mason ( Food & Accommodation provide plant owner) 7000.00 13 Service Charge(Rahman Renewable Energy) 8000.00 14 Maintenance fee ( Received IDCOL) 500 15 Total Cost 45000.00
  29. 29. Improved Cook Stove (ICS)
  30. 30. Improved Cook Stove in Use Rural Household
  31. 31. RREC Memberships National & International 1. Partnership for Clean Indoor Air (PCIA) Forum, USA 2. The Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, USA 3 Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP), Austria 4. HEDON Household Energy Network, UK 5. Bangladesh Biogas Development Foundation (BBDF), Bangladesh 6. Bangladesh Renewable Energy Networking Forum, Bangladesh. . 7. Renewable Energy Information Network (REIN), LGED, Bangladesh.
  32. 32. Participant of International Workshop i) South Asia Regional Workshop on – Indoor Air Pollution, Health and Household Energy. 27-28 February 2006. Kathmandu, Nepal. ii) 3rd Biennial Partnership for Clean Indoor Air (PCIA) Forum, 20-23 March 2007 Bangalore, India. iii) Biogas Study Visit –BSP, Nepal 18-22, May 2008, Nepal. iv) International Workshop on Technology and Utilization of Biomass Gasification, China, 1-20, November 2008, Yingkou, Liaoning Province, China. v) 4th Biennial Partnership for Clean Indoor Air (PCIA) Forum, 23-28 March 2009, Kampala, Uganda. vi). Renewable Energy Field Visit- United Arab Emirates & Ethiopia 28 March-5 May, 2009 vii) 5th Biennial Partnership for Clean Indoor Air (PCIA) Forum, 21-26 February, 2011, Lima, Peru. viii) Renewable Energy Field Visit- Argentina, Brazil & Qatar 28 February-7 March, 2011 ix) Clean Cook stoves Market Place & Meeting Commercial Biogas to Power, Kathmandu, Nepal. 10-15 July 2013. x) International Workshop on Small- and Medium-Scale Biogas Development of Commercial Biogas Sectors, Hanoi, Vietnam. 26-28 November 2013.
  33. 33. RREC Received Award From PCIA

×