DIABETESBY: SABRINA DUGANCLASS: HEALTH, SAFETY, ANDNUTRITION FOR YOUNGCHILDRENEEC 4731DATE: 1.30.2012
What is Diabetes? Diabetes is a lifelong, incurable disease. Diabetics have high levels of sugar (hyperglycemia) in their blood and their pancreas either produces little or no insulin (a hormone) at all. Diabetes has three Types:1. Type 1: most common in children.2. Type 2: most common in adults.3. Gestinational Diabetes: diabetes that develops during pregnancy. Genetics can play a factor that leads to diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes Type 1 is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. The body does not produce any insulin in this case. In most cases, it is genetically present in kids, however, childhood obesity triggers risks of developing diabetes. People with Type 1 diabetes usually inject insulin in their bodies several times a day. People with diabetes also seek insulin therapy and other treatments to manage their condition.
Type 2 The most common type of diabetes is type 2 diabetes. It is more common in the aged population and certain races such as African Americans, Latin Americans, and Asian Americans, etc. In Type 2 diabetes, the body does not produce adequate insulin. Type 2 diabetics
Symptoms of Type 1 and Type2 Diabetes often is undiagnosed because of the harmless symptoms such as:1. Frequent urination.2. Rapid weight loss.3. Extreme hunger and thirst.4. Fatigue and irritability. Type 2 diabetics usually suffer from blurred vision and tingling and numbness, etc.
Effective Treatment Because Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes is incurable, it should be controlled to develop future complications. Some treatments include:• Insulin therapy• Insulin Injections• Dietary changes• Daily exercise• Monitor blood sugar.
Teacher Modifications Diabetes in children effects the child in many ways. As a teacher, it is important to understand and support kids with diabetes and it is important to educate yourself about the disease and its symptoms. If students are using insulin injections, then they have to manage their diabetes 24 hours a day. Teachers can help students by preparing them and providing them with diabetes care. Teachers can experiment with snack time and make sure that the child‟s current diet meets his or her current needs.
Teacher Modifications cont‟d Teachers can make kids feel more confident in school and not exclude kids from activities. Teachers can educate themselves about insulin injections and how to administer it. Teachers can incorporate more physical activity in the classrooms and give students sugar free snacks. Teachers can create more awareness about the seriousness of diabetes.
How would I address the issue? As a future educator, I would work together with school staff to target all the challenges arising in class . I would follow the „People-first language‟ rule, tweak it and educate staff and children about addressing kids with diabetes, for example: I would teach them that addressing someone by saying, “He‟s diabetic” is not appropriate because the illness does not define a person. I would incorporate lessons into the curriculum that would create awareness in the class about diabetes.
How would I address the issue?Cont‟d I would inform parents about the chronic disease and ask them to bring sugar-free snacks to school. I would not make the student feel excluded in the classroom, instead I would build his or her confidence and treat him or her equally. I would attend seminars and workshops that deal with working with kids with diabetes. I would educate myself about all the available resources and treatments out there.
References Marotz, L.R., Cross, M.Z., & Rush, J.M. (7th Edition) “Health, Safety & Nutrition for the Young Child.” Albany, NY: Delmar. Print. "Symptoms - American Diabetes Association." American Diabetes Association Home Page - American Diabetes Association. Web. 29 Jan. 2012. <http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes- basics/symptoms/?__utma=1.220873443.132788 4791.1327884791.1327884791.1>. "What Is Diabetes? What Causes Diabetes?" Medical News Today: Health News. Web. 29 Jan. 2012. <http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/diabetes/ >.