Diabetes sabrina.dugan
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  • 1. DIABETESBY: SABRINA DUGANCLASS: HEALTH, SAFETY, ANDNUTRITION FOR YOUNGCHILDRENEEC 4731DATE: 1.30.2012
  • 2. What is Diabetes? Diabetes is a lifelong, incurable disease. Diabetics have high levels of sugar (hyperglycemia) in their blood and their pancreas either produces little or no insulin (a hormone) at all. Diabetes has three Types:1. Type 1: most common in children.2. Type 2: most common in adults.3. Gestinational Diabetes: diabetes that develops during pregnancy. Genetics can play a factor that leads to diabetes.
  • 3. Type 1 Diabetes Type 1 is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. The body does not produce any insulin in this case. In most cases, it is genetically present in kids, however, childhood obesity triggers risks of developing diabetes. People with Type 1 diabetes usually inject insulin in their bodies several times a day. People with diabetes also seek insulin therapy and other treatments to manage their condition.
  • 4. Type 2 The most common type of diabetes is type 2 diabetes. It is more common in the aged population and certain races such as African Americans, Latin Americans, and Asian Americans, etc. In Type 2 diabetes, the body does not produce adequate insulin. Type 2 diabetics
  • 5. Symptoms of Type 1 and Type2 Diabetes often is undiagnosed because of the harmless symptoms such as:1. Frequent urination.2. Rapid weight loss.3. Extreme hunger and thirst.4. Fatigue and irritability. Type 2 diabetics usually suffer from blurred vision and tingling and numbness, etc.
  • 6. Effective Treatment Because Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes is incurable, it should be controlled to develop future complications. Some treatments include:• Insulin therapy• Insulin Injections• Dietary changes• Daily exercise• Monitor blood sugar.
  • 7. Teacher Modifications Diabetes in children effects the child in many ways. As a teacher, it is important to understand and support kids with diabetes and it is important to educate yourself about the disease and its symptoms. If students are using insulin injections, then they have to manage their diabetes 24 hours a day. Teachers can help students by preparing them and providing them with diabetes care. Teachers can experiment with snack time and make sure that the child‟s current diet meets his or her current needs.
  • 8. Teacher Modifications cont‟d Teachers can make kids feel more confident in school and not exclude kids from activities. Teachers can educate themselves about insulin injections and how to administer it. Teachers can incorporate more physical activity in the classrooms and give students sugar free snacks. Teachers can create more awareness about the seriousness of diabetes.
  • 9. How would I address the issue? As a future educator, I would work together with school staff to target all the challenges arising in class . I would follow the „People-first language‟ rule, tweak it and educate staff and children about addressing kids with diabetes, for example: I would teach them that addressing someone by saying, “He‟s diabetic” is not appropriate because the illness does not define a person. I would incorporate lessons into the curriculum that would create awareness in the class about diabetes.
  • 10. How would I address the issue?Cont‟d I would inform parents about the chronic disease and ask them to bring sugar-free snacks to school. I would not make the student feel excluded in the classroom, instead I would build his or her confidence and treat him or her equally. I would attend seminars and workshops that deal with working with kids with diabetes. I would educate myself about all the available resources and treatments out there.
  • 11. References Marotz, L.R., Cross, M.Z., & Rush, J.M. (7th Edition) “Health, Safety & Nutrition for the Young Child.” Albany, NY: Delmar. Print. "Symptoms - American Diabetes Association." American Diabetes Association Home Page - American Diabetes Association. Web. 29 Jan. 2012. <http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes- basics/symptoms/?__utma=1.220873443.132788 4791.1327884791.1327884791.1>. "What Is Diabetes? What Causes Diabetes?" Medical News Today: Health News. Web. 29 Jan. 2012. <http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/diabetes/ >.