These are people who are temporarily homeless because of extreme poverty. They are unable to maintain a house or living conditions because of the lack of jobs or domestic violence. This is the less serious version of homelessness because they have a chance of getting out of being homeless.
This is the more serious version of homelessness. These people will mostly likely always be homeless. Homelessness has become a way of life. They are most likely in this position because of their lack of financial resources. They are not able to keep a job because of mental illnesses, drug or alcohol addiction or persistent health problems. They most likely have no chance of getting out.
There are many things that can bring someone to being homeless and sent to the streets to live. These 5 instances will lead to chronic homelessness which is homelessness is a way of life. Lack of social and family support. The family doesn’t want to help them anymore because they don’t agree with their way of life. Failed government policy and social isolation. The government could not follow through with what the homeless needed to live. Along without their family support they now have social isolation and this leads to not knowing how to cope with society. And then finally the drug and alcohol addiction. This is a huge factor and will make it harder to pay for things and live a normal life.
The poor live everywhere. There is no single place that the homeless live. People think that the homeless only live in the cities like Philadelphia, but that is not necessarily true. The homeless also live in the country. 15 % of poor families live on farms, 20% live in central cities and 35% live in rural non-farm areas or suburbs. The greatest percent is in rural areas not cities. The 2 places that homelessness is the biggest are the Great Lakes States and Appalachia.
Most people think poor and homeless people are the people who do drugs and drink alcohol all the time and waste their life on the streets. This is not true, yes some homeless people are on the streets because they do drugs and used all their money on buying it but a lot of homeless and poor people are on the streets for different reasons. Some may have dropped out of school and are without job because people will not hire ill educated people. They may get jobs occasionally but this will not support them in a house of their own. Poor people may be on the streets or in shelters because their jobs have been taken over by machines, they are too old, they get sick and lose their jobs, or yes they used up their saving on drugs and become physically and mentally sick.
Read what the chart says. There is no one gender that prevails over the other. There is a very wide variety of homeless people.
Some of the main reasons for being homeless are that they have no money, no job, they are addicted to drugs or alcohol, have a mental health problem or a family crisis. These are all due to the economy. 80.9% were due to the loss of money, 77% was due to having no job, 66.1% was due to have used drug or alcohol. And then lastly 30.9% were reported to have a family crisis or mental health problem.
People may think that homelessness is a new struggle for people but the homeless have always been around. They have always walked with us. There have been 5 major periods of homelessness : Preindustrial Phase, Early Industrialization, Initial Colonialization,Mature Industrialization, andDeindustrialization
The first phase was the Preindustrial Phase, during this time there was an unfair distribution of resources and it left some people without houses. These people with no houses has no place to stay because during that time there was a big shortage of shelters. The second phase was the Early Industrialization phase. This took place during the late 18th century to the early 19th century. People would come from the counrtysdie to London or Paris (big cities) to work in the factories. These people were most likely homeless. They were unemployed or their pay was not very good. There was still not enough shelter for the homeless. The world was going through a transition from rural to urban workforce.
Phase 3 was initial colonialization. This is like the second phase with the development of industrialization. There was cheap labor and an export of raw materials that the homeless worked for. Even though these were jobs for the homeless they were poorly paid and there wasn’t much work. Homeless cities started to develop in Asia, Africa and South America.Phase 4 was the Mature Industrialization. This was during the 1870s and lasted for 100 years. This phase ended with the alcoholics on skid row. During this phase the Gilded Age of the late 19th century and the Great Depression occurred. These events created a 2-tier economy. There was a great imbalance of income and a huge amount of people were without shelters.
The fifth phase is the deindustrialization. This phase began in the 1980s. This when there was a transition in the service economy and factories were changing. Housing became more affordable and rapid increase of low-wage jobs.
“From the Stewart B. McKinney Act, a homeless person is “one who lacks a fixed permanent nighttime residence or whose nighttime residence is a temporary shelter, welfare hotel, or any public or private place not designed as sleeping accommodations for a human being” This is not completely true today due to that welfare hotels have been taken out of the mix because welfare hotels are a long-term stay.
Poverty is very close to homelessness. Poverty is living in a house but having almost nothing. Most people who are born into a poor family will stay poor their entire life, there are cases where they get out of it but that does not happen often. It is hard to get an education when you hardly have enough money to eat. Some contributions to poverty would be living with large families, illness and caring for aging parents. These all cost substantial amounts of money and people may lose all their money to that.
The poor live in horrible homes in rundown neighborhood that no one would ever want to go into. Then have so little money that they can only buy food that is of poor quality and because of this poor quality of food they eat unhealthy and develop poor health.
This is a formula for a person who has some of these qualities. If someone does then they are most likely poor. Read the list
Health care for the homeless is a very hard topic to talk about. The homeless do not have much health care. They are almost always sick because they are living on the streets and exposed to so much. They have no access to the medicine they need get be healthy. They can not get to medical appointments because of timing or expense they have no money and can not pay for them. Health cards, prescriptions, integrated health services also can not be reached. The only way homeless people can get medicine is by going to the emergency room. That is very expensive and ineffective.
By living on the streets the homeless are exposed to so many diseases that most likely will not be treated. Drug and alcohol abuse is a big medical problem because it leads to violence and can get other people hurt. Sexual Exploitation is a way of getting money, however it may lead to infectious diseases such as TB, HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis C. These sicknesses will mostly likely go untreated because of the difficulty of paying to see the doctor.
America sees the homeless are people with no motivation to make anything good of their lives. We feel that the poor deserve their fate. They are paying for their sins. These sins that they are talking about is Laziness, Lack of ambition and Indifference. American believed that with enough ambition can go from rags to riches. But the homeless were to lazy and has this lack of ambition and deserved what they were doing to themselves.
There were different groups that had different views on ways to help the poor. Churched believed that pitying the homeless and the only way to get them out of it was prayer. The public started private charities to help the poor sober up, be more careful and thrifty. These private chariteis wanted the homeless to make what they could with what they had. Find thrifty ways to make up for what they didn’t have. People believed that the homeless became homeless because they drank so much whisky. So people believed that if the homeless were to stop drinking then they would no longer be homeless.
The longer a person is homeless the more likely they are going to experience poor health and premature death. The homeless are exposed to so many poor disease because they are out on the dirty streets. They have to sleep on dirty sidewalks and experience all types of weather. It is too much for a person to handle. This exposure to the bad weather causes poor health and also premature death. Some of the causes of death are substance abuse which I have said multiple times before. Trauma, I am sure that the homeless get hurt, there may be fights or gangs that come and hurt the homeless and there is almost no way to get medical help. Also Infections and Diseases such as HIV and AIDS
People think that the homeless are Responsibility free, they choose not to have housing, but this is because they can not afford a house they still have responsibilities such as keeping themselves safe. There are organizations to help the homeless one is Housing first. Housing first is a long term integrated strategy to earn more government funding to help the homeless with housing opportunities.
People in certain areas see the homeless more then once a day and they are now compared to graffiti. These areas where is substantially bad are creating laws against the homeless. In Santa Barbra, New Orleans and Clearwater, Florida they have a law against sleeping outdoors such as in parks beaches and other public properties. Also in Fort Lauderdale they have put a ban on rummaging through the garbage. As we all know the homeless like to find their belongings in other peoples trash.
The McKinney Act was put into place to help the homeless find shelter and gain self-sufficiency. The first was is called Supportive Housing the supplied funds for housing and services so that the homeless could live independently. The second is Shelter Plus care. This provides retail assistance to people with disabilities and their families. The third is Single Room Occupancy Program this rehabilitates buildings with single room dwellings and makes payments to landlords to rent these units. The fourth is the Emergency Shelter Grams fund the conversion of buildings into homeless shelters.
A survey was taken to see the persentage of how many people we left out on the streets and in shelters during the day and at night. During the day 12.9% were found out on the street and 3.2% are found in shelters. During the night 46.6% were found on the streets and 70.7% were found in shelters. They also did a survey of who was found on the street during the day and at night there was 39.3% and 26.1% found in shelters.
There was another survey done to find how many people were in shelters and out on the streets during Fall and Winter. During the fall 64% wee found in shelters and 24.2% were found on the streets. In winter many more were found in shelters. 82% were found in shelters and 4.0% were found on the streets. It is much harder for the homeless to live on the streets due to the weather conditions.
People see the homeless as dirty and unclean. They notice that they carry their belongings with them in bags or shopping carts. This is not necessarily true for all homeless people. On the streets people are badly dressed, dirty and unkempt. However in shelters they are better dressed, cleaner and all around neater. It is easier to stay clean when living in the shelters because there is more for people to depend on to get clean and different clothes to wear.
Most people think that only one person is homeless by themselves. What they don’t really know is that even families are homeless also. Homeless families will most likely not be found on the streets, the streets are too dangerous for little children. Because of this homeless parents are extra protective of their kids. They make sure that they get into shelters for the long nights to keep them safe.
The first = Poverty has long been the common experience of man. There has always been homeless people it was never strange or new to America or any other country. The Second = Poverty is the leading contradiction of our time. The third = Poverty is degrading and is a harsh and cruel experience for those who are caught in its grip. Being homeless is very hard for the homeless it is a hard thing to deal with and live with everyday. Read the Chinese Proverb.
People know that the homeless can not live on their own with no income. The homeless are helped by the people who realize this. Both public and private welfare organizations provide money for the homeless. Shelters provide food and clothing to keep them fed and clothed. This will help them stay healthy while they live on the streets. They try to work jobs that will let htem to get some income to pay for certain things they need.
Thesis Statement:<br />Homelessness is not the stereotype that people think, drinking alcohol and doing drugs, there is much more behind the sad faces that people see on the streets. <br />
2 Categories of Homelessness:<br />Episodic Homelessness<br />Temporarily homeless<br />Lack of jobs or domestic violence<br />Department of Health and Human Services “their persistent poverty is the decisive factor that turns unforeseen crises, or even minor set-backs, into bouts of homelessness.” (Hurley 16)<br />(Hurley)<br />blog.lib.umn.edu<br />
2 categories of Homelessness:<br />Chronically Homeless<br />Homelessness is a way of life<br />Lack of financial resources<br />Mental illnesses, drug or alcohol addiction or persistent health problems.<br />(Hurley)<br />blog.lib.umn.edu<br />
Homeless in Society:<br />Leads to Chronic Homelessness:<br />Lack of social and family support<br />Failed government policy<br />Fetal alcohol syndrome <br />Societal isolation<br />Drug and alcohol addiction<br />(Turnbull 1065)<br />
Location:<br />Everywhere<br />City, country<br />15% of poor families live on farms, 20% live in central cities and 35% live in rural non-farm areas.<br />Appalachia and The Upper Great Lake Sates<br />(Leinwand 23)<br />
Who are the poor?<br />Without jobs, can only get them occasionally<br />Income does not meet their needs<br />Physically or mentally sick<br />The Poor<br />Jobs have been taken over by machines<br />Too old<br />Sick and lose their jobs<br />Used up their savings<br />Ill educated<br />(Leinwand)<br />notquiteamerican.wordpress.com<br />
Statistics of who is homeless:<br />(O’Toole 448-449)<br />
Reasons for being homeless:<br />(O’Toole 450-451)<br />
History of the Homeless:<br />The homeless have always been with us. <br />Five major periods of homelessness<br />1. Preindustrial Phase<br />2. Early Industrialization<br />3. Initial Colonialization<br />4. Mature Industrialization<br />5. Deindustrialization <br />Don’t grade this slide (Transition Slide)<br />(Blau)<br />
5 Major Periods:<br />Phase 1 : Preindustrial Phase <br />Shortage of shelters<br />Some of the population is left without houses<br />Beginning of the Medieval Societies and the first American Settlers<br />Phase 2 : Early Industrialization<br />Late 18th – early 19th century<br />People came from countryside to work in factories<br />Unemployed, pay was not good <br />Not enough shelters<br />(Blau)<br />
5 Major Periods:<br />Phase 3 : Initial Colonialization<br />Industrialization<br />Cheap labor and export of raw materials<br />Poorly paid, didn’t have work often<br />Homeless cities in Asia, Africa and South America<br />Phase 4 : Mature Industrialization<br />1870s <br />Gilded age of the late 19th century and the Great Depression<br />Created a 2 tier economy<br />Huge amount of people without shelter<br />“There was enough housing for poor people, and the homelessness virtually disappeared” (Blau 10)<br />(Blau)<br />www.mpca.net/homeless.html<br />
5 Major Periods:<br />Phase 5 : Deindustrialization<br />1980s<br />Transitions to service economy<br />More affordable housing and low-wage jobs<br />(Blau)<br />landonsquest.blogspot.com<br />
Definition of Homeless:<br />“From the Stewart B. McKinney Act, a homeless person is “one who lacks a fixed permanent nighttime residence or whose nighttime residence is a temporary shelter, welfare hotel, or any public or private place not designed as sleeping accommodations for a human being” (Blau 8)<br />blog.lib.umn.edu<br />
Poverty:<br />Poor means not having enough money to live decently<br />Most people who are born poor stay poor their entire life. <br />Large families, illness, caring for ages parents <br />Sargent Shriver: United States Office of Economic Opportunity, “Anybody is poor who has less than 23 cents a mean, a day, plus $1.40 for everything else” (Leinwand 14)<br />
Where the Poor Live:<br />In horrible homes in rundown neighborhoods.<br />They can only buy food that is poor quality and eat unhealthy<br />“The dirty streets, the run-down homes, the crowded apartments, yelling children, the limited play areas, the stench of garbage, are all part of the meaning of poverty.” (Leinwand 15)<br />http://www.theinternationalonline.com<br />
“Formula” for Being Poor:<br />1. non-white<br />2. belongs to a family of no earners<br />3. belongs to a family whose head is female<br />4. belongs to a family with more than 6 kids under 18<br />5. between 14 and 25 or over 65<br />6. lives rural farm area<br />7. has fewer then 8 years of education<br />8. lives in the South<br />(Leinwand 20)<br />
Health Care:<br />Heavy Burden of illness<br />Not much access to medicine<br />Can not get to medical appointments<br />Health cards, prescriptions, integrated health services can not be reached<br />Only way someone can get medicine is through the emergency room<br />Very expensive and ineffective<br />(Turnbull 1066)<br />articles.sfgate.com/2007-12-18/bay-are<br />
America’s Attitude to the Poor<br />We feel that the poor deserve their fate<br />They were paying for their sins<br />Laziness<br />Lack of ambition<br />Indifference<br />(Leinwand 26)<br />
How we have tried to help the poor:<br />Church:<br />Prayer <br />Pity<br />Public<br />Private charity<br />Stop drinking<br />(Leinwand 27-28)<br />
Consequences of Homelessness:<br />“The longer a person is homeless he more likely they are going to experience poor health and premature death” (O’Toole 446)<br />Causes of Death:<br />Substance Abuse<br />Trauma<br />Infection/Disease<br />HIV/AIDS<br />(O’Toole 446)<br />
Housing for the Homeless:<br />“Responsibility Free”<br />These people choose not to have housing. <br />“Housing First”<br />Long term integrated strategy<br />Government <br />(Turnbull 1066)<br />
Laws Against the Homeless:<br />Santa Barbra, New Orleans and Clearwater, Florida <br />Sleeping outdoors<br />Parks, beaches, public property<br />Fort Lauderdale has banned rummaging through garbage. <br />(Blau 4)<br />
Ways to Help the Homeless<br />McKinney Act<br />1. Supportive Housing Program<br />Live independently<br />2. Shelter Plus Care<br />Retail assistance<br />3. Single Room Occupancy Program<br />Rent rehabilitated units<br />4. Emergency Shelter Grams<br />Homeless shelters<br />(Hurley 90)<br />
Where the Homeless Sleep<br />Day<br />Street = 12.9%<br />Shelter = 3.2 %<br />Night<br />Street = 46. 6<br />Shelter = 70.7<br />Day and Night <br />Street = 39.3<br />Shelter = 26.1<br />(Rossi 89)<br />
Seasons<br />Fall:<br />64 % in shelter <br />24.2 % on the streets<br />Winter<br />82% in shelters<br />4.0% on the streets<br />Much harder for the homeless to survive in the winter<br />(Rossi 91)<br />
Looks:<br />How people view the homeless<br />Dirty<br />Carry belongings with them<br />Streets<br />Badly dress<br />Dirty<br />Unkempt<br />Shelters<br />Better dressed<br />Cleaner<br />Neater <br />(Rossi 92)<br />
Homeless Families:<br />Homeless families will most likely not be found on the streets. <br />Homeless parents are extra protective of their kids <br />They make sure that they can get them into shelters for the long nights<br />(Rossi 133)<br />
Quotes about Homelessness<br />“Poverty has long been the common experience of man.”<br />“Poverty is the leading contradiction of our time.”<br />“Poverty is degrading and is a harsh and cruel experience for those who are caught in its grip.”<br />Chinese Proverb : “A journey of a thousand miles begins by taking a single step.”<br />
Help the Homeless<br />Welfare organizations<br />Public and private<br />Shelter<br />Food<br />Clothing<br />(Rossi 116)<br />