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  • A few of these questions will be answered by the end of this presentation.
  • “From the Stewart B. McKinney Act, a homeless person is “one who lacks a fixed permanent nighttime residence or whose nighttime residence is a temporary shelter, welfare hotel, or any public or private place not designed as sleeping accommodations for a human being” This is not completely true today due to that welfare hotels have been taken out of the mix because welfare hotels are a long-term stay. And we will talk about what the McKinney Act is later. Information:
  • Most people think poor and homeless people are the people who do drugs and drink alcohol all the time and waste their life on the streets. This is not true, yes some homeless people are on the streets because they do drugs and used all their money on buying it but a lot of homeless and poor people are on the streets for different reasons. Read the Quote they continued to talk about how people even if they are not homeless have a hard time with drugs and alcohol, an example they gave us was Hollywood types. Information: (Leinwand) The Times
  • Some people may have dropped out of school and are without job because people will not hire ill educated people. They may get jobs occasionally but this will not support them in a house of their own. Poor people may be on the streets or in shelters because their jobs have been taken over by machines, they are too old..Information: (Leinwand)
  • They get sick and lose their jobs, or yes they used up their saving on drugs and become physically and mentally sick. Information: (Leinwand)
  • According to the book Poverty and the Poor the “formula” for being poor is this. Now its not saying that if you are all of these you are poor, it is saying if you are a few of these there is a greater possibility. Such as Asian or African AmericanInformation: (Leinwand 20)
  • This is when either parents or children have no jobs and so they have no
  • Kidscost a lot of money and if you have no money you cant pay for
  • It is harder to get a job with no high school or college education. Yes it can happen, but it is harder then having a college education.
  • Picture:
  • The homeless live everywhere. They live in the city and the country. There is no single place that the homeless live. People think that the homeless only live in cities like Philadelphia, not that is not necessarily true. The homeless are also found in the country. The two places that homelessness is the biggest are the Great Lakes and Appalachia. Information: (Leinwand 23)
  • So here are some percentages of homeless people in certain places. 15% of poor families live on farms.Information: (Leinwand 23)Picture:
  • 20% live in central cities like Philadelphia or New York City.Information: (Leinwand 23)
  • 35% live in rural non-farm areas of suburbs like Norristown or West Chester.Information: (Leinwand 23)
  • The poor live in horrible homes in rundown neighborhood that no one would ever want to go into. Information: (Leinwand)Picture:
  • Then have so little money that they can only buy food that is of poor quality and because of this poor quality of food they eat unhealthy and develop poor health. Information: (Leinwand)Picture:
  • I took a trip to Mexico where the streets looked just like that. The streets were dirty and walls were made out of fences and sides of buses. They had no floors, they walked around on dirt. This quote says the dirty streets, the run-down homes, the crowded apartments, yelling children, the limited play areas, the stench of garbage, are all part of the meaning of poverty. Its true I witnessed it first hand. The kids had nowhere to play and the streets were very dirty. And obviously the homes were run-down because they were made out of fences and stuff.
  • These are people who are temporarily homeless because of extreme poverty. They are unable to maintain a house or living conditions because of the lack of jobs or domestic violence. They live in shelters because they won’t be homeless for long, just until they get back on the right track with a job. This is the less serious version of homelessness because they have a chance of getting out of being homeless. Information: (Hurley)
  • We all have seen pursuit of happiness and we all know that he gets out of being homeless and we all know how he gets to be homeless. He takes this job that doesn’t work out for him. He is a great example of Episodic Homelessness. He lost all his money because of a job loss and complications and worked as hard as he could to get out of that state. In this clip he is rejoicing because he is now on his way to getting out of being homeless.
  • This is the more serious version of homelessness. These people will mostly likely always be homeless. Homelessness has become a way of life. They are most likely in this position because of their lack of financial resources. They are not able to keep a job because of mental illnesses such as schizophrenia, drug or alcohol addiction or persistent health problems. They most likely have no chance of getting out. There are many things that can bring someone to being homeless and sent to the streets to live. These 5 instances will lead to chronic homelessness which is homelessness is a way of life. Lack of social and family support. The family doesn’t want to help them anymore because they don’t agree with their way of life. Failed government policy and social isolation. The government could not follow through with what the homeless needed to live. Along without their family support they now have social isolation and this leads to not knowing how to cope with society. And then finally the drug and alcohol addiction. This is a huge factor and will make it harder to pay for things and live a normal life. Information: (Hurley)
  • In this clip you see different people.These people carry all their belongings with them and create homes out of boxes. It is very sad and difficult to get out of being homeless.
  • People think that homelessness is recent but there have always been homeless people. There are 5 different phases throughout the years. The 5 phases are the Preindustrial phase, Early Industrialization, Initial Colonialization, Mature Industrialization and Deindustrialization. Information: (Blau)
  • The first phase was the Preindustrial Phase, during this time there was an unfair distribution of resources and it left some people without houses. These people with no houses have no place to stay because during that time there was a big shortage of shelters. So people were homeless Information: (Blau)Picture:
  • The second phase was the Early Industrialization phase. This took place during the late 18th century to the early 19th century. People would come from the countryside to London or Paris (big cities) to work in the factories. These people were most likely homeless. They were unemployed or their pay was not very good. There was still not enough shelter for the homeless. The world was going through a transition from rural to urban workforce. Information: (Blau)Picture:
  • Phase 3 was initial colonialization. This is like the second phase with the development of industrialization. There was cheap labor and an export of raw materials that the homeless worked for. Even though these were jobs for the homeless they were poorly paid and there wasn’t much work. Homeless cities started to develop in Asia, Africa and South America.Information: (Blau)Picture:
  • Phase 4 was the Mature Industrialization. This was during the 1870s and lasted for 100 years. This phase ended with the alcoholics on skid row. During this phase the Gilded Age of the late 19th century and the Great Depression occurred. These events created a 2-tier economy. There was a great imbalance of income and a huge amount of people were without shelters. We all know that the great depression messed up life for people and a lot of people lost their money and houses. Information: (Blau)Picture:
  • The fifth phase is the deindustrialization. This phase began in the 1980s. This when there was a transition in the service economy and factories were changing. Housing became more affordable and rapid increase of low-wage jobs. This was helpful for the homelessInformation: (Blau)Picture:
  • Read what the chart says. There is no one gender that prevails over the other. There is a very wide variety of homeless people. Male, African American, divorced..etc…Veteran. Veterans have a hard time coming back and keeping a job. They have a harder time functioning in society and so they can’t hold a job and lose their money and possibly housing. I saw a commercial the other day about Veterans and it was an organization to help them get back on their feet. It was interesting to see how they provided housing. Information: (O’Toole 448-449)
  • Some of the main reasons for being homeless are that they have no money, no job, they are addicted to drugs or alcohol, have a mental health problem or a family crisis. These are all due to the economy. 80.9% were due to the loss of money, 77% was due to having no job, 66.1% was due to have used drug or alcohol. And then lastly 30.9% were reported to have a family crisis or mental health problem.Information: (O’Toole 450-451)
  • Before I start talking about living in shelters I want to show you this clip from the Pursuit of Happiness. WATCH THE MOVIE CLIP. People line up to get into shelters hours in advance to the doors opening. Most shelters only have a limited about of room so getting in the line on time is very important. In this clip you see how competitive shelter lines can be. People are dishonest and try to cut inline so that they won’t have to sleep on the street.
  • There was another survey done to find how many people were in shelters and out on the streets during Fall and Winter. During the fall 64% were found in shelters and 24.2% were found on the streetsInformation: (Rossi 91)Picture:
  • In winter many more were found in shelters. 82% were found in shelters and 4.0% were found on the streets. It is much harder for the homeless to live on the streets due to the weather conditions. Information: (Rossi 91)Picture:
  • A survey was taken to see the percentage of how many people we left out on the streets and in shelters during the day and at night. During the day 12.9% were found out on the street and 3.2% are found in shelters. During the day people leave the shelters so they can walk the streets and maybe ask for money. It also is warmer during the day then at night.Information: (Rossi 89)Picture:
  • During the night 46.6% were found on the streets and 70.7% were found in shelters. More were found in shelters because of the cold nights and its dangerous on the streets at night. Information: (Rossi 89)
  • They also did a survey of who was found on the street during the day and at night there was 39.3% and 26.1% found in shelters. Information: (Rossi 89)Picture:
  • As we can see in this quote the homeless population is rapidly growing. 40 people added to the homeless roster every week is a substantial number. (The Times Herald)
  • The McKinney Act was put into place to help the homeless find shelter and gain self-sufficiency. The first was is called Supportive Housing the supplied funds for housing and services so that the homeless could live independently. The second is Shelter Plus care. This provides retail assistance to people with disabilities and their families. The third is Single Room Occupancy Program this rehabilitates buildings with single room dwellings and makes payments to landlords to rent these units. The fourth is the Emergency Shelter Grams fund the conversion of buildings into homeless shelters.Information: (Hurley 90)Picture:
  • People know that the homeless can not live on their own with no income. The homeless are helped by the people who realize this. Both public and private welfare organizations provide money for the homeless. One example of a welfare organization is The Kensington Welfare Rights Union. This organization provides abandoned houses for people without homes. A real life example is a woman named Carolyn Caesar. She is 44 years old and had a 13 year old daughter and 4 grandchildren. She ran away from her abusive boyfriend and moved into a house that the Kensington welfare Rights Union provided for her. The interesting thing about this welfare union is that they offer “less then luxurious accommodations” for homeless people or people suffering from poverty. Also Shelters provide food and clothing to keep them fed and clothed. This will help them stay healthy while they live on the streets. They try to work jobs that will let them to get some income to pay for certain things they need. Information: (Rossi 116)
  • There were different groups that had different views on ways to help the poor. Churched believed that pitying the homeless and the only way to get them out of it was prayer. The public started private charities to help the poor sober up, be more careful and thrifty. These private charities wanted the homeless to make what they could with what they had. Find thrifty ways to make up for what they didn’t have. People believed that the homeless became homeless because they drank so much whisky. So people believed that if the homeless were to stop drinking then they would no longer be homeless. The way that I help is by giving the homeless coupons to different fast food restaurants. Yes, I know this is not the healthiest thing for them but it is better then giving them money to spend on drug and alcohol. Information: (Leinwand 27-28)Picture:
  • By living on the streets the homeless are exposed to so many diseases that most likely will not be treated. They are eating other peoples left over food, smoking cigarette butts they find on the streets. This is not healthy. Drug and alcohol abuse is a big medical problem because it leads to violence and can get other people hurt. Sexual Exploitation is a way of getting money, however it may lead to infectious diseases such as TB HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis C. These sicknesses will mostly likely go untreated because of the difficulty of paying to see the doctor. Information: (Turnbull 1065)
  • Health care for the homeless is a very hard topic to talk about. The homeless do not have much health care. They are almost always sick because they are living on the streets and exposed to so much. They have no access to the medicine they need get be healthy. They can not get to medical appointments because of timing or expense they have no money and can not pay for them. Health cards, prescriptions, integrated health services also can not be reached. Information: (Turnbull 1066)Picture:
  • The only way homeless people can get medicine is by going to the emergency room. That is very expensive and ineffective. Information: (Turnbull 1066)
  • People in certain areas see the homeless more then once a day and they are now compared to graffiti. These areas where is substantially bad are creating laws against the homeless. In Santa Barbra, New Orleans and Clearwater, Florida they have a law against sleeping outdoors such as in parks beaches and other public properties. Also in Fort Lauderdale they have put a ban on rummaging through the garbage. As we all know the homeless like to find their belongings in other peoples trash. Other people trash is homeless peoples treasure. Information: (Blau)Picture:
  • People think that the homeless are Responsibility free, they choose not to have housing, but this is because they can not afford a house they still have responsibilities such as keeping themselves safe. There are organizations to help the homeless one is Housing first. Housing first is a long term integrated strategy to earn more government funding to help the homeless with housing opportunities. This is a room at the County Homeless Outreach Center (CHOC) This is what the rooms look like. I visited this shelter to do some community service with my youth group. A couple days ago I read an article that said “Single adults 18 and older can seek emergency at CHOC Building 53 on the ground of state hospital. If needed transportation will be provided. The CHOC is a 50-bed shelter for single residents only.” (Phucas) When I went to this shelter there was a main common room and then a long hallways to the main rooms. It is a giant room with cots all over and peoples belongings. Information: (Turnbull 1066) (Phucas)Picture: Steph Doyle
  • Most people think that only one person is homeless by themselves. What they don’t really know is that even families are homeless also. Homeless families will most likely not be found on the streets, the streets are too dangerous for little children. Because of this homeless parents are extra protective of their kids. They make sure that they get into shelters for the long nights to keep them safe. Like we saw in the Pursuit of Happiness. He felt like he needed to, to keep his son safe. Information: (Rossi 133)Picture:
  • People see the homeless as dirty and unclean. They notice that they carry their belongings with them in bags or shopping carts. This is not necessarily true for all homeless people. On the streets people are badly dressed, dirty and unkempt. However in shelters they are better dressed, cleaner and all around neater. It is easier to stay clean when living in the shelters because there is more for people to depend on to get clean and different clothes to wear. Information: (Rossi 92)
  • The longer a person is homeless the more likely they are going to experience poor health and premature death. The homeless are exposed to so many poor disease because they are out on the dirty streets. They have to sleep on dirty sidewalks and experience all types of weather. It is too much for a person to handle. This exposure to the bad weather causes poor health and also premature death. Some of the causes of death are substance abuse which I have said multiple times before. Trauma, I am sure that the homeless get hurt, there may be fights or gangs that come and hurt the homeless and there is almost no way to get medical help. Also Infections and Diseases such as HIV and AIDSInformation: (O’Toole 446)Picture:
  • Poverty is very close to homelessness. Poverty is living in a house but having almost nothing. Most people who are born into a poor family will stay poor their entire life, there are cases where they get out of it but that does not happen often. It is hard to get an education when you hardly have enough money to eat. Some contributions to poverty would be living with large families, illness and caring for aging parents. These all cost substantial amounts of money and people may lose all their money to that. Information: (Leinwand)Picture:
  • The first = Poverty has long been the common experience of man. There has always been homeless people it was never strange or new to America or any other country. The second = Poverty is degrading and is a harsh and cruel experience for those who are caught in its grip. Being homeless is very hard for the homeless it is a hard thing to deal with and live with everyday. Read the Chinese Proverb. It is hard to get out of being homeless and if you try and take a step in the right direction then there is a chance that you will begin that journey of a thousand miles. Information: (Leinwand)
  • I read an article about a homeless man names Andre in the Time Herald and this man talked about how he lived in 2 different places. Pottstown was like home but he was in Norristown a lot! This is what he said. Read the quote. He also talked about a man who plays for the Kixx soccer team, Adam Bruckner, Andre said that he was helping him with certain things like getting a drivers license so he could get a job as a taxi driver. There are so many people out there who are tying to help homeless people like this. (The Times Herald)
  • For my application I had a fundraiser where I collected toiletries. These pictures are me counting out all the lotion I received. After I got all that I could I had a couple of my friend help me put together zip lock bags full of travel sized toiletries. This is a little clip of what we did. Show Clip. Then I took all this stuff to Norristown Hospitality center .
  • Picture:
  • Real powerpoint

    1. 1. Homelessness in America<br />Stephanie Doyle<br />Period 7/8<br />
    2. 2. How many people have helped the homeless?<br />How many people know where the homeless live?<br />How many people know a homeless person by name?<br />
    3. 3. Overview<br />Thesis<br />Relevance <br />History<br />Living Conditions<br />Health<br />Looks<br />Application<br />Conclusion<br />Class Activities<br />Work Cited<br />
    4. 4. Thesis Statement<br />Homelessness is not the stereotype that people think like drinking alcohol and doing drugs. There is much more behind the sad faces that people see on the streets. <br />
    5. 5. Definition:<br />From the Stewart B. McKinney Act, a homeless person is “one who lacks a fixed permanent nighttime residence or whose nighttime residence is a temporary shelter, welfare hotel, or any public or private place not designed as sleeping accommodations for a human being.” (Blau 8)<br />
    6. 6. Personal Relevance<br />I have always been interested in the homeless. I see the homeless on the streets and have wondered about them my entire life.<br />
    7. 7. Why should you care?<br />At some point you are going to run into a homeless person. Learning what these people are really like will help when you’re in this situation.<br />
    8. 8. Who are the poor?:<br />Without jobs<br /> income does not meet their needs<br />“A common perception that most people are on the street due to drug and/or alcohol addictions is also not rooted in fact…the vast majority of our homeless population, whether homeless or not has issues with drugs and alcohol.” (O’Donnell)<br />
    9. 9. Who are the poor?:<br />Without jobs<br /> income does not meet their needs<br />The poor:<br /><ul><li> jobs have been taken over by machines
    10. 10. Too elderly
    11. 11. Sick and lost their jobs
    12. 12. Used up their savings
    13. 13. Badly educated</li></li></ul><li>Who are the poor?:<br />Without jobs<br /> income does not meet their needs<br />The poor:<br /><ul><li> jobs have been taken over by machines
    14. 14. Too elderly
    15. 15. Sick and lost their jobs
    16. 16. Used up their savings
    17. 17. Badly educated</li></ul>Physically or mentally sick<br />
    18. 18. “Formula” for Being Poor:<br />1. Non-white<br />
    19. 19. “Formula” for Being Poor:<br />Non-white<br />Belongs to a family with no income<br />
    20. 20. “Formula” for Being Poor:<br />Non-white<br />Belongs to a family with no income<br />Belongs to a family whose head is female<br />
    21. 21. “Formula” for Being Poor:<br />Non-white<br />Belongs to a family with no income<br />Belongs to a family whose head is female<br />Belongs to a family with more than six kinds under 18<br />
    22. 22. “Formula” for Being Poor:<br />Non-white<br />Belongs to a family with no income<br />Belongs to a family whose head is female<br />Belongs to a family with more than six kinds under 18<br />Between the age of 14 and 25 or over 65<br />
    23. 23. “Formula” for Being Poor:<br />Non-white<br />Belongs to a family with no income<br />Belongs to a family whose head is female<br />Belongs to a family with more than six kinds under 18<br />Between the age of 14 and 25 or over 65<br />Lives in a rural farm area<br />
    24. 24. “Formula” for Being Poor:<br />Non-white<br />Belongs to a family with no income<br />Belongs to a family whose head is female<br />Belongs to a family with more than six kinds under 18<br />Between the age of 14 and 25 or over 65<br />Lives in a rural farm area<br />Has fewer then 8 years of education<br />
    25. 25. “Formula” for Being Poor:<br />Non-white<br />Belongs to a family with no income<br />Belongs to a family whose head is female<br />Belongs to a family with more than six kinds under 18<br />Between the age of 14 and 25 or over 65<br />Lives in a rural farm area<br />Has fewer then 8 years of education<br />Lives in the South<br />
    26. 26. Location<br />Everywhere<br />
    27. 27. 15%<br />
    28. 28. 20%<br />
    29. 29. 35%<br />
    30. 30. Rundown neighborhoods<br />
    31. 31. Poor quality food and<br /> unhealthy to eat<br />
    32. 32. “The dirty streets, the run-down homes, the crowded apartments, yelling children, the limited play areas, the stench of garbage, are all part of the meaning of poverty” (Leinwand 15)<br />
    33. 33. 2 Categories of Homelessness<br />
    34. 34. Episodic Homelessness<br />Department of Health and Human Services “their persistent poverty is the decisive factor that turns unforeseen crises, or even minor set-backs, into bouts of homelessness.” (Hurley 16)<br />
    35. 35. Episodic Homelessness<br />
    36. 36. Chronically Homeless<br /><ul><li>Way of life
    37. 37. Lack of resources
    38. 38. Mental illness, addiction</li></li></ul><li>Chronic Homelessness<br />
    39. 39. History of the Homeless<br />
    40. 40. Preindustrial Phase<br />
    41. 41. Early Industrialization<br />
    42. 42. Initial Colonialization<br />
    43. 43. Mature Industrialization<br />
    44. 44. Deindustrialization<br />
    45. 45. Statistics:<br />
    46. 46. Reasons:<br />
    47. 47. Life in Shelters<br />
    48. 48. 64%<br />24.2%<br />
    49. 49. 82%<br />4%<br />
    50. 50. 12.9%<br />3.2%<br />
    51. 51. 46.6%<br />70.7%<br />
    52. 52. 39.3%<br />26.1%<br />
    53. 53. “In 2009, 455 individuals were served by the adult homeless center at Norristown State Hospital. The unofficial total tabulated in February this year was about 749, according to Genny O’Donnell, director of facility. About 40 people are added to that homeless roster every week” (Phucas)<br />Interesting Fact<br />
    54. 54. Ways to Help:<br />McKinney Act<br />1.<br />3.<br />2.<br />4.<br />
    55. 55. Other ways to help:<br />Welfare organizations<br /> -public and private<br />Shelter<br />Food<br />Clothing<br />
    56. 56. How we have tried to help:<br />
    57. 57. Medical Problems:<br />Drug and alcohol abuse<br />Sexual Exploitation<br />Infectious Diseases<br />
    58. 58. Health Care<br />-Not much access to medicine<br />-Cannot get the medical appointments <br />
    59. 59. Health Care<br />-Not much access to medicine<br />-Cannot get the medical appointments <br />-Only way to get medicine is through the emergency room<br />
    60. 60. Laws against the Homeless<br />Santa Barbara, New Orleans and Clearwater, Florida<br />Fort Lauderdale has banned rummaging through garbage<br />
    61. 61. Housing<br />“Responsibility Free”<br />“Housing First”<br />
    62. 62. Homeless Families<br />
    63. 63. Looks<br />Views:<br /> -Dirty<br /> -Carry belongings with them<br />Streets:<br /> -Badly dressed<br /> -Dirty<br /> -Unkempt<br />Shelters:<br /> -Better dressed<br /> -Cleaner<br /> -Neater<br />
    64. 64. Consequences:<br />“The longer a person is homeless the more likely they are going to experience poor health and premature death.”<br />(O’Toole 446)<br />Causes of Death:<br /> -Substance abuse<br /> -Trauma<br /> -Infection/Disease<br />
    65. 65. Poverty:<br />“Anybody is poor who had less than 23 cents a mean, a day, plus $1.40 for everything else.”<br />Sargent Shriver<br />-Poor means not having enough money to live decently<br />-Most people who are born poor stay poor their entire life<br />
    66. 66. “Poverty has long been the common experience of man.”<br />“Poverty is degrading and is a harsh and cruel experience for those who are caught in its grip.”<br />Chinese Proverb: “A journey of a thousand miles begins by taking a single step.”<br />
    67. 67. “Pottstown is more like my home, but I’m in Norristown a lot. Pottstown doesn’t have a place where you can go take a shower – unless you go to somebody’s house, and I don’t feel comfortable doing that. I’d rather go to a facility for that, like in Norristown.” (Andre)<br />
    68. 68. Application<br />
    69. 69. Application<br />
    70. 70. Conclusion<br />I learned so much from this project. <br />I was so interested in seeing how the homeless lived and how they got to be that way. It opened my eyes to these people and I respect them more because it is not just drug and alcohol there are other reasons too. <br />
    71. 71. Class Activity<br />Split into groups<br />Create a house that you would live in if you were homeless<br />
    72. 72. Resources:<br />Blau, Joel. The Visible Poor. New York: Oxford University, 1992. Print.<br />Feemster, Ron. “Economic Rights Are Human Rights.” Kensington Welfare Rights Union. N.p., May-June 2004. Web. 3 May 2010. <‌online/‌issues/‌135/‌organize.html>.<br />Hurley, Jennifer A, ed. The Homeless. San Diego: Greenhaven, 2002. Print.<br />Iceland, John. Poverty in America. Berkeley: U of California, 2003. Print.<br />Koegel, Paul, M. Audrey Burnam, and Jim Baumohl. “The Cause of Homelessness.” Homelessness in America. By Jim Baumohl. N.p.: Oryx, 1996. 24-33. Questia Online Library. Web. 2 Dec. 2009. <‌read/‌14428212>.<br />Leinwand, Gerald. Poverty and the Poor. Ed. Gerald Leinwand. New Yotk: Pocket, 1968. Print.<br />
    73. 73. Resources: <br />Muccino, Gabriele, dir. The Pursiut of Happiness. 2006. Film.<br />O’Toole, Thomas P, Alicia Conde-Martel, and Barbara H Hanusa. “Where Do People Go When They First Become Homeless?” Health and Social Care in the Community: 446-453. Print.<br />Phucas, Keith. “Unofficial Tallies Show Growth in Homeless Population.” The Times Herald 25 Apr. 2010: A1 and A7. Print.<br />Puleo, Gary. “Homeless.” The Times Herald 25 Apr. 2010: A1 and A7. Print.<br />Rossi, Peter H. Down and Out in America. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1989. Print.<br />Turnbull, Jeffrey, Wendy Muckle, and Christina Masters. “Homelessness and Health.” Poverty and Human Development (Oct. 2007): 1065-1066. Print.<br />
    74. 74. Resources<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
    75. 75. Resources<br /><br /><br /><br /> <br /><br /><br /> nter2005_img_3.jpg<br /><br />