Ss7 h3(e) 2011 version
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Ss7 h3(e) 2011 version

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Containment of Communism Notes

Containment of Communism Notes

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    Ss7 h3(e) 2011 version Ss7 h3(e) 2011 version Presentation Transcript

    • SS7H3(e): Explain the reasons for foreign involvement in Korea and Vietnam in terms of containment of communism .
    • What exactly is “Communism”?
      • Both a political and an economic system.
      • Productive resources (factories, farms, mines) are all owned by the government .
      • Wealth is divided equally , or according to individual need
      • Goal? A classless society (no rich, no poor). Reality? Crummy economy & strict government with little to no personal freedom.
      KEY: Red = USSR & pro-USSR Yellow = China & pro-China Black = neutral
    • What does “Containment” mean?
      • Containment = To STOP the SPREAD of COMMUNISM !!
        • This is why we fought wars in Korea & Vietnam.
      • The U.S. believed in the Domino Theory . This meant that if ONE Asian country fell to communism, then ALL Asian countries would fall to communism.
    • Communism had already spread…
      • 1917: Communists rose to power in Russia (became the U.S.S.R.)
      • 1949: Communists took power in China (Mao Zedong)
      • After World War II, much of Asia gained independence…they were establishing new governments
      • There was great concern that if the U.S. didn’t take an active role in Asia, many of these newly independent nations would become communist.
    • Korea
      • Under Japanese control until the end of WWII.
      • Post-WWII, the U.S.S.R. controlled the North, while the U.S. controlled the South.
      • In an attempt to spread COMMUNISM, N.K. invaded S.K. in 1950, sparking the KOREAN WAR.…
    • The Korean War
      • Fighting lasted for 3 years and ended with a cease fire (agreement to stop fighting) in 1953.
      • Nothing changed – same border, same political systems.
        • N.K. was still communist.
        • S.K. was still a democracy.
      The “Bad” Guys: 1. NORTH KOREA 2. SOVIET UNION 3. CHINA VS. The “Good” Guys: 1. SOUTH KOREA 2. UNITED STATES
    • So, the BIG QUESTION is…
      • WAS CONTAINMENT ACHIEVED???
      • YES!! Communism did not spread .
    • The Vietnam War
      • Similar situation to Korea’s.
      • North Vietnam = pro-communism
        • STRONG leader, Ho Chi Minh
      • South Vietnam = pro-democracy
        • WEAK political leader
      • The North wanted to unite both halves of the country under a communist government.
      • The U.S. wanted to achieve CONTAINMENT , so we fought with the South Vietnamese (1954-1975).
      Ho Chi Minh
    • What Happened?
      • The U.S. was involved in the conflict for 21 years.
      • Over 58,000 U.S. soldiers died.
      • Over 1.1 million N.V. communist troops (called Viet Minh) died.
      • Approx. 250,000 Viet Cong (S.V. communist-supporters) died.
      • Tens of thousands of civilians died.
      • The War was incredibly unpopular at home, and we ultimately pulled out in 1973.
      • Once the U.S. left, North Vietnam successfully united the two halves of Vietnam under communism.
    • So, the BIG QUESTION is…
      • WAS CONTAINMENT ACHIEVED???
      • NO!! Communism spread from North Vietnam to South Vietnam.