SS7H3(e): Explain the reasons for foreign involvement in Korea and Vietnam in terms of  containment  of  communism .
What exactly is “Communism”? <ul><li>Both a political and an economic system. </li></ul><ul><li>Productive  resources  (fa...
What does “Containment” mean? <ul><li>Containment = To  STOP   the  SPREAD  of  COMMUNISM !! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is...
Communism had already spread… <ul><li>1917: Communists rose to power in Russia (became the U.S.S.R.) </li></ul><ul><li>194...
Korea <ul><li>Under Japanese control until the end of WWII. </li></ul><ul><li>Post-WWII, the U.S.S.R. controlled the North...
The Korean War <ul><li>Fighting lasted for 3 years and ended with a cease fire (agreement to stop fighting) in 1953. </li>...
So, the BIG QUESTION is… <ul><li>WAS CONTAINMENT ACHIEVED??? </li></ul><ul><li>YES!!  Communism  did   not   spread . </li...
The Vietnam War <ul><li>Similar situation to Korea’s. </li></ul><ul><li>North Vietnam = pro-communism </li></ul><ul><ul><l...
What Happened? <ul><li>The U.S. was involved in the conflict for 21 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 58,000 U.S. soldiers die...
So, the BIG QUESTION is… <ul><li>WAS CONTAINMENT ACHIEVED??? </li></ul><ul><li>NO!!  Communism  spread  from North Vietnam...
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Ss7 h3(e) 2011 version

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Containment of Communism Notes

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Ss7 h3(e) 2011 version

  1. 1. SS7H3(e): Explain the reasons for foreign involvement in Korea and Vietnam in terms of containment of communism .
  2. 2. What exactly is “Communism”? <ul><li>Both a political and an economic system. </li></ul><ul><li>Productive resources (factories, farms, mines) are all owned by the government . </li></ul><ul><li>Wealth is divided equally , or according to individual need </li></ul><ul><li>Goal? A classless society (no rich, no poor). Reality? Crummy economy & strict government with little to no personal freedom. </li></ul>KEY: Red = USSR & pro-USSR Yellow = China & pro-China Black = neutral
  3. 3. What does “Containment” mean? <ul><li>Containment = To STOP the SPREAD of COMMUNISM !! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is why we fought wars in Korea & Vietnam. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The U.S. believed in the Domino Theory . This meant that if ONE Asian country fell to communism, then ALL Asian countries would fall to communism. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Communism had already spread… <ul><li>1917: Communists rose to power in Russia (became the U.S.S.R.) </li></ul><ul><li>1949: Communists took power in China (Mao Zedong) </li></ul><ul><li>After World War II, much of Asia gained independence…they were establishing new governments </li></ul><ul><li>There was great concern that if the U.S. didn’t take an active role in Asia, many of these newly independent nations would become communist. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Korea <ul><li>Under Japanese control until the end of WWII. </li></ul><ul><li>Post-WWII, the U.S.S.R. controlled the North, while the U.S. controlled the South. </li></ul><ul><li>In an attempt to spread COMMUNISM, N.K. invaded S.K. in 1950, sparking the KOREAN WAR.… </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Korean War <ul><li>Fighting lasted for 3 years and ended with a cease fire (agreement to stop fighting) in 1953. </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing changed – same border, same political systems. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>N.K. was still communist. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>S.K. was still a democracy. </li></ul></ul>The “Bad” Guys: 1. NORTH KOREA 2. SOVIET UNION 3. CHINA VS. The “Good” Guys: 1. SOUTH KOREA 2. UNITED STATES
  7. 7. So, the BIG QUESTION is… <ul><li>WAS CONTAINMENT ACHIEVED??? </li></ul><ul><li>YES!! Communism did not spread . </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Vietnam War <ul><li>Similar situation to Korea’s. </li></ul><ul><li>North Vietnam = pro-communism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>STRONG leader, Ho Chi Minh </li></ul></ul><ul><li>South Vietnam = pro-democracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WEAK political leader </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The North wanted to unite both halves of the country under a communist government. </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. wanted to achieve CONTAINMENT , so we fought with the South Vietnamese (1954-1975). </li></ul>Ho Chi Minh
  9. 9. What Happened? <ul><li>The U.S. was involved in the conflict for 21 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 58,000 U.S. soldiers died. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 1.1 million N.V. communist troops (called Viet Minh) died. </li></ul><ul><li>Approx. 250,000 Viet Cong (S.V. communist-supporters) died. </li></ul><ul><li>Tens of thousands of civilians died. </li></ul><ul><li>The War was incredibly unpopular at home, and we ultimately pulled out in 1973. </li></ul><ul><li>Once the U.S. left, North Vietnam successfully united the two halves of Vietnam under communism. </li></ul>
  10. 10. So, the BIG QUESTION is… <ul><li>WAS CONTAINMENT ACHIEVED??? </li></ul><ul><li>NO!! Communism spread from North Vietnam to South Vietnam. </li></ul>
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