Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation

74

Published on

Published in: News & Politics
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
74
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Future Challenges: Archipelagos of Circulation Stephen Graham Newcastle University
  • 2. •  “National borders have ceased being continuous lines on the earth’s surface and [have] become non-related sets of lines and points situated within each country” Paul Andreu •  “A merging, a de-differentiation of the realm of the internal and the realm of the external. The difference between the liberal and the illiberal, the norm and the exception, is not longer fixed by state borders. The limits between the internal and the external are moving.” Didier Bigo •  Urbanisation of security marked by passage-point urbanism: Proliferation of hard, militarised, urban, national and supranational borders, camps and enclaves, staffed by public and private security personnel, and linked by transnational infrastructures overlaid with systems of pre-emptive surveillance systems
  • 3. •  Blurring of policing, military and intelligence through ideas of ‘assymetric’ or ‘irregular war’ •  Deploy both inside and outside of nation and mobilise permanently and preemptively against civilians within ‘securocratic war’. •  Try to identify malign bodies, circulations and mobilities hidden within legitimate ones, within the spaces of cities and circulations, in advance of these reaching strategic spaces and ‘targets’ •  Topological spaces and times -- ‘the virtual border’: “whether it faces outward or inward to foreignness, is no longer a barrier structure but a shifting net, a flexible spatial pathogenesis that shifts round the globe and can move from the exteriority of the transnational frontier into the core of the securocratic state.” Allen Feldman Virtual Borders Within ‘Securocratic War’
  • 4. Anchored by System of ‘Global Cities’
  • 5. 1. Globalising ‘Homelands’? Extra-Territorial Borderings •  ‘Homeland security’ is now “an away game. We don’t want [threats] to get in our airspace, on our land or close to our shoreline in the maritime domain. So we are working very hard with the other regional combatant commanders so as to roll up the bad guys, capture or kill them and interrupt their attacks.” US Navy Admiral Tim King E.g. Global Airport System: US Visit, Visa Waiver and Anticipatory Data Mining and Profiling
  • 6. Container Security Initiative
  • 7. NSA’s Internet Surveillance
  • 8. Anticipatory ‘Counter-Terror’ Financial Tracking
  • 9. ‘Garrison Tourism’
  • 10. Extra-Territorial Secession of ‘Kinetic Elites’?
  • 11. Extra-Territorial Migrant and Refugee Camps for ‘Kinetic Underclasses’ e.g. Nauru “The globe shrinks for those who own it ; for the displaced or the dispossessed, the migrant or refugee, no distance is more awesome than the few feet across borders or frontiers” Homi Bhabha
  • 12. Urban ‘Camps’ on Colonial Frontiers: ‘Gated Communities’ in Post-’Surge’ Baghdad
  • 13. Global Rendition Archipelago
  • 14. Transnational Urban Growth Regions
  • 15. 2. Intra-territorial Enclaves of Exception ‘Pop-up armies’ at Political summits
  • 16. Branded and Securitised Sports Events
  • 17. ‘Splintering urbanism’: Security zones and gated communities
  • 18. Road Closures in PostApartheid Johannesburg
  • 19. Export Processing/ ‘Free Trade’ Zones
  • 20. ‘Smart’ Highways
  • 21. Computerised CCTV: Algorithmic Anticipation
  • 22. Data ‘Mining’ and Data ‘Fusion’
  • 23. Marked by Complex Foucauldian ‘Boomerang’ Effects •  . “It should never be forgotten that while colonization, with its techniques and its political and juridical weapons, obviously transported European models to other continents, it also had a considerable boomerang effect on the mechanisms of power in the West, and on the apparatuses, institutions, and techniques of power. A whole series of colonial models was brought back to the West, and the result was that the West could practice something resembling colonization, or an internal colonialism, on itself” Michel Foucault, Society Must be Defended: Lectures at the Collège de France, 1975-6, 2003.
  • 24. e.g. Security Zones/Green Zones; traveller and war-zone biometrics;
  • 25. Historic Boomerangs
  • 26. A ‘Medieval Modernity’? The modalities of “modern nationalism, medieval enclaves and imperial brutality” all “co exist in nonlinear fashion.” Alsayyad and Roy

×