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In this paper Graham and Guy analyse the political and spatial contestations surrounding the rapid recent growth of gentrifying IT-clusters in downtown San Francisco. The emphasis is on how new, high-capacity internet infrastructures and services, and the technoscientific apparatus to maintain, use and apply such infrastructures, are implicated in the restructuring of politics and landscapes of this particular central city. In particular, the authors focus on the complex urban and technological politics surrounding the ‘dot-com invasion’ of IT entrepreneurs and internet industries to downtown San Francisco. The paper explores how this urban place has been forcefully appropriated as a strategic site of digital capitalism, under intense resistance and contestation from a wide alliance of social movements struggling to maintain the city as a site of Bohemian counter-culture and social and cultural diversity.