Fluorspar 101:
Industry perspective from mine to market
Simon Moores
Manager, Industrial Minerals Data, London, UK
Simon M...
Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012
Industry snapshot: fluorspar
2011 production: 6.3m. tonnes
2012 ...
Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012
Why is fluorspar mined?
• Use to produce one of the most widespr...
Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012
How is fluorspar produced?
1. Mining
2. Crushing, mechanical/han...
Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012
Acidspar
• Also called Acid grade fluorspar
• 97% CaF2 content
•...
Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012
Metspar
• Also called Metallurgical grade fluorspar
• 70-85% CaF...
Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012
Fluorspar production - all grades
Top Producers in 2011
1. China...
Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012
The Fluorspar Value Chain
Source: SRI Consulting, adapted by Ind...
Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012
Fluorspar, China
Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012
Fluorspar, China
Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012
Acidspar storage
Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012
Mexichem – Minas Las Cuevas, Mexico
Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012
End markets
53%
29%
10.00%
8.00%
HF Acid Production
Steel-making...
Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012
Trends: China – fluorspar production
• Increasing dominance of f...
Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012
Trends: China – fluorspar consumption
• Tables have turned
• Chi...
Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012
Trends: USA & Canada
• No domestic supply
• 100% import dependan...
Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012
Trends: Critical Status v Graphite
Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012
Trends: Critical Status context
• EU ranks Fluorspar as higher r...
Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012
Trends: New Supply highlights*
• Canada: Canada Fluorspar Inc, F...
Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012
Prices: Acidgrade, 97% CaF2, Wet Filtercake, CIF, Netherlands
• ...
Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012
Industrial Minerals Data - new
Fluorspar – Online prices databas...
Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012
More on fluorspar… Industrial Minerals Insight
Fluorspar Market ...
Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012
Industrial Minerals Research
Natural Graphite Report 2012
Launch...
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Fluorspar 101, September 2012, Simon Moores, Industrial Minerals Data

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An introduction to the fluorspar industry, a niche, but global mineral used to produce hydrofluoric acid (fluorochemicals / fluorocarbons), and aluminium flouride.

A look at the two main products, acidspar and metspar, and their end uses.

Presented by Simon Moores, Manager of Industrial Minerals Data at the Fluorspar Express 2013 meeting in Vancouver, Canada.

Published in: Business, Technology
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Fluorspar 101, September 2012, Simon Moores, Industrial Minerals Data

  1. 1. Fluorspar 101: Industry perspective from mine to market Simon Moores Manager, Industrial Minerals Data, London, UK Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012
  2. 2. Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012 Industry snapshot: fluorspar 2011 production: 6.3m. tonnes 2012 production (est): 6.0m. tonnes 60% 40% Fluorspar output in 2012 Acidspar Metspar Top Producers in 2011 1. China 3.5m. tpa 2. Mexico 1.2m. tpa 3. South Africa 270,000 tpa 4. Spain 140,000 tpa 5. Kenya 117,000 tpa China production dominance 58%
  3. 3. Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012 Why is fluorspar mined? • Use to produce one of the most widespread industrial chemicals, hydrofluoric acid • Mined for fluorine content (F) • Found in the ground as calcium fluoride (CaF2) • Two major grades are produced globally: • Acidspar • Metspar • Fluorspar demand driven by: • Fluorocarbon demand >> Consumer driven goods >> fridges, freezers, aircon • Steel production • Aluminium fluoride production
  4. 4. Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012 How is fluorspar produced? 1. Mining 2. Crushing, mechanical/hand separation To Market as Metspar (<85% CaF2) 3. Flotation 4. Dewatering = Filtercake (wet/dry) To Market as Acidspar (>85% CaF2) Source: Industrial Minerals Data
  5. 5. Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012 Acidspar • Also called Acid grade fluorspar • 97% CaF2 content • Fluorspar used to make hydrofluoric (HF) acid • HF acid used to make fluorocarbons & Aluminium fluoride
  6. 6. Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012 Metspar • Also called Metallurgical grade fluorspar • 70-85% CaF2 content • Used as a flux in steelmaking, ceramics, iron and steel casting • Used in pebble form
  7. 7. Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012 Fluorspar production - all grades Top Producers in 2011 1. China 3.5m. tpa 2. Mexico 1.2m. tpa 3. South Africa 270,000 tpa 4. Spain 140,000 tpa 5. Kenya 117,000 tpa Total output 2011: 6.3m. tonnes
  8. 8. Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012 The Fluorspar Value Chain Source: SRI Consulting, adapted by Industrial Minerals
  9. 9. Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012 Fluorspar, China
  10. 10. Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012 Fluorspar, China
  11. 11. Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012 Acidspar storage
  12. 12. Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012 Mexichem – Minas Las Cuevas, Mexico
  13. 13. Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012 End markets 53% 29% 10.00% 8.00% HF Acid Production Steel-making Aluminium Production Others Source: Ray Will, Fluorspar Conference 2011
  14. 14. Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012 Trends: China – fluorspar production • Increasing dominance of fluorspar production (2006 = 51%, 2011 = 58%) • Since 2004 government measures to reduce exports, not met by production elsewhere • Mining quota – 10.5m. tonnes fluorspar ore limit up to 2010 • Resource taxes • = Control
  15. 15. Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012 Trends: China – fluorspar consumption • Tables have turned • China dominates the higher value end of the fluorochemical product chain • Fluorochemical production increasing domestically • HCFC-22 up 100% 2002 to 2008
  16. 16. Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012 Trends: USA & Canada • No domestic supply • 100% import dependant on all fluorspar grades • USA is 2nd largest consumer of fluorspar in fluorocarbons after China • North America’s biggest industrial companies rely on fluorspar directly or indirectly • Relies on Mexico has primary source
  17. 17. Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012 Trends: Critical Status v Graphite
  18. 18. Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012 Trends: Critical Status context • EU ranks Fluorspar as higher risk: • Graphite • Lithium • Cobalt • Vanadium • Molybdenum • Tantalum • Copper • Zinc • Titanium Source: EU, Industrial Minerals Research, Natural Graphite Report 2012
  19. 19. Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012 Trends: New Supply highlights* • Canada: Canada Fluorspar Inc, Freeport Resources Inc, Prima Fluorspar, Newfoundland Fluorspar Exploration • South Africa: SA Fluorite Pty Ltd, Sephaku Fluoride Ltd, • Mongolia: Mongolrostsvetmet LLC • Germany: New mine started in 2012 • Sweden: Tertiary Minerals Plc • Mozambique: Globe Metals & Mining** • Vietnam: Masan Resources** *Does not include expansions of active operations ** Fluorspar by-product
  20. 20. Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012 Prices: Acidgrade, 97% CaF2, Wet Filtercake, CIF, Netherlands • 225% price rise between 2005-2012 Source: Industrial Minerals Data, indmin.com
  21. 21. Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012 Industrial Minerals Data - new Fluorspar – Online prices database and analysis – launch Q1 2012 Graphite – Online prices database and analysis – launch Q1 2012 • Detailed Global Prices (Export & Domestic) • Access via an interactive online database • Mineral specific analysis • Global Team
  22. 22. Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012 More on fluorspar… Industrial Minerals Insight Fluorspar Market Tracker > www.indmin.com/fluorspar
  23. 23. Simon Moores, smoores@indmin.com, @sdmoores, October 2012 Industrial Minerals Research Natural Graphite Report 2012 Launched October 2012 Click here for more information or email smoores@indmin.com
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