FSS Botswana U Penn Overview

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  • presence
  • Tribal society
  • Communal/familiial based society
  • 1930s tswana chiefs resisted agricultural and mining developments
  • Plus 2 others diamond mines in 1977
  • FSS Botswana U Penn Overview

    1. 1. Botswana Orientation Welcome
    2. 2. Botswana-UPenn Partnership Mission <ul><li>To help build capacity in : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clinical Care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul></ul>Population 1.8 million
    3. 8. <ul><li>Land-locked country </li></ul><ul><li>Size of Texas / France </li></ul><ul><li>The Tropic of Capricorn runs through it. </li></ul><ul><li>Kalahari Desert occupies 87% of the territory. </li></ul><ul><li>Also home to the only inland delta in the world, the Okavango. </li></ul>
    4. 10. Climate <ul><li>Semiarid / Seems like Arizona </li></ul><ul><li>Cool winters (June-August) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Average daily temps of 41 – 66F (but can be colder at night) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hot summers (December-February) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Average daily temps of 71 - 91F (but can be hotter and most buildings to not have AC) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rainy season during summer has intense rain and thunderstorms. </li></ul>
    5. 11. Language <ul><li>English is the official language. </li></ul><ul><li>Setswana used by the very young and the very old. </li></ul><ul><li>Other languages include Khoisan languages (“click languages” of the San and Kalanga in the north </li></ul><ul><li>G is nearly always pronounced as H and TH as T and E is rarely silent. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gaborone pronounced “Ha-bor-ron-ee” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The people of Botswana are called “Batswana.” </li></ul><ul><li>One person from Botswana is called a “Motswana.” </li></ul>
    6. 12. Greetings Are Very Important <ul><li>“ Dumela Rra” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Dumela Mma” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Le Kae” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How are you? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Re Teng” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We are well. (Use of plural shows respect.) </li></ul></ul>
    7. 13. Botswana: Land of Tswana <ul><li>8 Tswana tribes (‘Ba’ means ‘people of’) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Barolong </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bakwena </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bangwaketse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Balete </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bakgatla </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Batlokwa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bangwato </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Batawana </li></ul></ul>
    8. 14. Kgotla <ul><li>public meeting, community council or traditional law court </li></ul><ul><li>headed by the village chief or headman </li></ul><ul><li>anyone is allowed to speak, and no one may interrupt </li></ul><ul><li>one of the world’s oldest democracies </li></ul>
    9. 15. Kgôsikgolo Traditional Paramount Chief <ul><li>Custodians of the culture of the people </li></ul><ul><li>Uphold moral and ethical standards of community </li></ul><ul><li>Perform traditional rites and ceremonies </li></ul><ul><li>Entitled to seat in House of Chiefs advising Parliament on tribal matters </li></ul><ul><li>May not serve as Members of Parliament or Cabinet Ministers out of concerns that they wield too much influence </li></ul>
    10. 16. Ethnic Groups & Minorities <ul><li>Major Ethnic Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Tswana </li></ul><ul><li>Kalanga (11%) </li></ul><ul><li>Basarwa / San / “Bushmen” (3%) </li></ul><ul><li>Other Newer Groups (7%) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Herero </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bantu group originally from Namibia fled to Botswana in 1904 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kgalagadi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White </li></ul></ul>
    11. 17. Religion <ul><li>70% are Christian </li></ul><ul><li>7% have indigenous beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>20% have no religion </li></ul><ul><li>Many Batswana mix some African Traditional Religious or Badimo beliefs into their religious practices (e.g. consulting medicine men for advice). </li></ul>
    12. 18. Political History <ul><li>British colony known as the Bechuanaland Protectorate ( 1885-1966 ). </li></ul><ul><li>Obtained independence in 1966. </li></ul><ul><li>Longest continuous multiparty democracy in Africa with 4 democratically elected presidents: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seretse Khama </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ketumile Masire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Festus Mogae </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ian Khama </li></ul></ul>
    13. 19. 1966 <ul><li>Botswana ranked as one of the world’s poorest countries with per capita income of $70 USD </li></ul><ul><li>There was only one 12 km paved road in the entire country at the time of independence </li></ul>
    14. 20. Diamonds <ul><li>In 1967, diamonds were discovered in Orapa </li></ul><ul><li>Debswana, largest mining company, 50% owned by the government and 50% owned by DeBeers, generates half of all government revenues </li></ul>
    15. 21. Economy <ul><li>Mining: Diamonds, copper, nickel, coal, methane gas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diamond mining accounts for >1/3 of the GDP and 75% of export earnings. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jwaneng diamond mine is the richest diamond mine in the world </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tourism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tsodilo Hills (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Chobe elephants, Victoria Falls, Okavango </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large nature preserves & good conservation practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expensive park admission fees and geared towards high-end tourism including big game hunting on private reserves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cattle / Beef </li></ul>
    16. 22. Tsodilo Hills
    17. 24. Cows <ul><li>Cattle posts are located at bore holes </li></ul><ul><li>Cattle not fenced </li></ul><ul><li>A small second house / hut / trailer is located there </li></ul><ul><li>Cattle often overseen by a herder ( modisa ) </li></ul>
    18. 25. Other Things to Note <ul><li>Time - they use a 24 hour clock (1730 = 5:30 PM) </li></ul><ul><li>They Drive on the LEFT!! </li></ul>
    19. 26. A Great Success <ul><li>Botswana has steadily employed a sound fiscal policy </li></ul><ul><li>National education </li></ul><ul><li>National healthcare </li></ul><ul><li>BUT… </li></ul><ul><li>Large gap between rich and poor </li></ul><ul><li>High unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>Second highest HIV / AIDS prevalence rate in the world </li></ul>

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