1. ASHFORD ANT 101 Entire Course Introduction toCultural Anthropology (NEW UPDATE COURSE)PLEASE DOWNLOAD HERECultural Relativism. Cultural Anthropology gives three distinct meanings ofcultural relativism: a moral stance that requires anthropologists to suspend moraland ethical judgments when interacting with a culture different from their own, amethodological strategy that allows the anthropologist to pay specific attention tothe uniqueness of a culture, and an epistemological position that cultures areunique and therefore knowledge about different cultures is almost inherently notcomparable. (Sec. 1.3).In your forum contribution:a. Discuss what you see as the strengths and weaknesses of each of these threekinds of relativism.b. Identify one belief or practice in another culture that you find puzzling, strange,or troubling, and then discuss the extent that cultural relativism is a usefulapproach to understanding and interacting with the people who hold it.c. Discuss the extent that cultural relativism would be a useful approach tounderstanding and interacting with people in your own society that did (or do) thesame.d. Explore the extent to which whether one is studying in ones own country or inanother makes a difference in the applicability of cultural relativism to onesresearch.Your initial response should be at least 150 words in length. Build on the ideasand terminology in the text and your own ideas to support your answers. Pleasesupport your claims with examples from the text, required and recommendedmaterial, and/or scholarly articles. Respond to at least two of your classmates’posts by Day 7.Studying Culture. Choose one of the "Consider This" boxes that Nowak andLaird present us with in Chapters 1 and 2 of Cultural Anthropology, or discuss thetopics below from the film Margaret Mead: Coming of Age, available in the FilmsOn Demand database, in the Ashford Online Library.The topics covered are:
2. a. Whether the UNs Universal Declaration of Human Rights should be applicableto all culturesb. Whether it is possible to truly view a culture without being influenced by thecultural constructs of our own culturec. How our understanding of what it means to be a patient in the United Statesreflects our different cultural backgrounds and affiliationsd. In the film Margaret Mead: Coming of Age, it is mentioned that Mead’s initialresearch was criticized on methodological grounds. Why was that? Do youconsider the criticism warranted or not warranted? What could she have donedifferently?e. Based on the film and the book, discuss the challenges of field work. What doyou think would be the most difficult? What has changed since the time of Mead?Clearly identify the topic you choose at the outset of your discussion, and answerall aspects of it thoroughly. Your answer should contain a balance of descriptivedetail and cultural analysis. Build on the ideas and terminology in the text andyour own ideas to support your answers. Include examples or information fromthe film in any question answer as you see fit. Your initial response should be atleast 150 words in length. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ postingsby Day 7.Foraging Societies. Answer one of the following four questions posed by Nowakand Laird, in Cultural Anthropology, at the very end of Chapter 3:a. What can we learn from studying foraging societies? Is there anything we canlearn regarding our relationship to the environment, or our family members, forexample?b. What is the ethnographic present? Do you think that the use of theethnographic present in the film The Gods Must Be Crazy is appropriate, or doyou think Lees criticisms are valid?c. Do you think the view of many anthropologists (pre–1970s) that mens huntingactivities are more highly valued than womens gathering activities is a culturallybiased perspective based on Eurocentric notions that men are the family"breadwinners"? Do you think this view is outdated (based both on more recentethnographic information and changes in American culture)?d. An Inuit mother has just given birth to a baby. She has a one–year–old babystill dependent on her milk. It is the season of food scarcity, which means themother is not as well nourished as she could be. She and her husband decidethat their older child is a higher priority, and they opt to end their newborn babys
3. life. Considering the concepts of ethnocentrism and cultural relativism, discussthe practice of infanticide.Clearly identify the topic you chose at the outset of your discussion. Answer thequestion posed thoroughly and thoughtfully by building on the ideas andterminology in the text and your own ideas to support your answers. Your initialresponse should be at least 150 words in length. Respond to at least two of yourclassmates’ posts by Day 7.Assignments1. Due by Day 7. Critical Thinking Paper – Kinship Organizations. Kinshipsystems in Foraging and Horticultural based societies provide support for peoplein all stages of their life. Address the following in a two- to three-page paper:a. Identify and describe the kinship system of one of the cultures listed below.These cultures are found in Chapters 3 and 4 of Cultural Anthropology.§ Australian Aborigines§ Btsisi§ Inuit of the Artic§ Iroquois§ San§ Yanomamob. Briefly describe the culture and identify three specific examples of how thekinship system of the chosen culture impacts the way this culture behaves (i.e.thinks, acts, lives).c. Compare this to your own society. Does kinship impact these same behaviorsin your own life? Why or why not?Your paper must be in APA format. For information regarding APA samples andtutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center, within the Learning Resources tab onthe left navigation toolbar, in your online course.Social Organization. Watch Blood Bonds, available in the Films On Demanddatabase, in the Ashford Online Library. Describe the correlation betweenarranged marriage, economic exchanges surrounding marriage (bridewealth,bride service, dowry, etc.), status of women, family pressures, and other factorsyou can think of and the stability of marriage. Based on your reading of thetextbook and the film, what are the disadvantages of different forms of marriages?
4. Do you think they can be as successful as marriages of choice? Which form ofmarriage do you have the hardest time understanding?Reflect on marriage and divorce in current North American societies. What factorscontribute to the stability of marriages in our culture? What factors contribute tostability of marriage in the cultures shown in the film? And lastly, what factors ofthe cultures in the film could contribute to the stability of marriage in our culture?And vise versa? Your initial response should be at least 150 words in length.Please support your claims with examples from the required resources. Respondto at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.Doing Business with Family. Nowak and Lairds Applying Anthropology 6.2 box,in Cultural Anthropology, proposes the following question:The familiar saying “never do business with family” advises against the practicesused in many of the chiefdom societies discussed in this chapter. This old sayingimplies that doing business with family will create conflict, whereas chiefdomsocieties welcome and encourage such close-knit economic exchanges as a wayof preventing conflict. In fact, in an interesting article on family businesses,Bertrand and Schoar comment on how cultures based on strong family ties canhave a negative impact on economic development. The reasoning is that themore we are taught to count on our kinship and family ties, the less likely we areto trust those outside our family networks, which greatly prohibits thedevelopment of larger economic institutions...Consider both examples and create an argument for or against mixing businesswith family. When responding to this question, be sure to engage in cross-culturalcomparison, taking into consideration variation in subsistence systems, descentsystems, mobility, and any other factors you consider pertinent. Draw examplesfrom the ethnographic record, your own experience, and the experience of otherswith whom you are familiar. Your initial response should be at least 150 words inlength. Please support your claims with examples from the text, recommendedmaterial, and/or scholarly articles. Respond to at least two of your classmates’posts by Day 7.Assignments1. Due by Day 7. Rough Draft of Final Cultural Research Paper. To ensurethat you are properly prepared for your Final Cultural Research Paper in thiscourse, you must complete a draft/outline that includes:a. A culture from the list below:§ Basseri of Iran§ The Batek of Malaysia
5. § Enga§ The Amish§ Huaorani of Ecuador§ Bedouin§ Zulu§ Kurds§ Maori§ Mbuti§ Nayar of India§ Semai§ Navajo§ Tikopia of Melanesiab. Three scholarly research journals, ethnographies and ethnologies to be usedas the primary sources of information.c. Identification of the chosen cultures primary mode of subsistence. (Foragers,Horticulturalists, Pastoralists, Emerging Agriculturalists, Agrarian States orIndustrialists)d. Identification of the three aspects of culture which will be used in the FinalCultural Research Paper from the list below:§ Beliefs and values§ Economic organization§ Gender relations§ Kinship§ Political organization§ Sickness and healing§ Social change§ Social organization
6. The above information should be presented in an outline and must include anintroductory paragraph with a succinct thesis and a properly formatted referencepage. Do not submit a full seven- to eight-page draft at this time!Your paper must be in APA format. For information regarding APA samples andtutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center, within the Learning Resources tab onthe left navigation toolbar, in your online course.Monumental Architecture. What does monumental architecture imply about thecultural values and the socio-economic-political organization of the society thatcreated it?Do a bit of Internet research on religious or secular monuments, statues, andarchitectural wonders in your city, state, country, or internationally. Choose amonument (or set of monuments), describe its main features, discuss anysymbolism it has, and analyze the messages it sends to its intended audience(s).Provide a link to an image of the monument itself for the rest of us to see.Bring in what you have read on leadership and political and religious organizationin band, tribes, and states up to now in developing your answer. Build on theideas and terminology in the text and your own ideas to support your claims. Yourinitial response should be at least 150 words in length. Respond to at least two ofyour classmates’ posts by Day 7.Economy and Colonialism. Relate what you have read in Chapter 8, of CulturalAnthropology, regarding colonialism and the expansion of capitalism in modernindustrial societies to the article, “Marketers Pursue the Shallow Pocketed.” Is theinformation being discussed in this article another example of colonialism? Whyor why not? Identify two potential positives and two negatives direct marketing ofthe poor has on people and their economies. What theory of development is mostapplicable to the expansion of global markets to poor, low income, andindigenous communities?Your initial response should be at least 150 words in length. Please support yourclaims with examples from the text, required material, and/or scholarly articles.Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.Ethics in Anthropology. Be sure to watch and read the “Miscellaneous Topics”at the end of Chapter 9 ofCultural Anthropology. Then, address the followingtopic: As noted, anthropology’s work with the military over the years has beenwrought with controversy. Where do you stand on the issue regarding the use ofanthropologists in intelligence gathering for the military? Can you come up with acompelling argument based on examples given in the text, your understanding ofthe ethical requirements of anthropologist, and from your own experiences/understanding of past and present military actions to take a stance on this issue?Please use concepts and terminology from the text. Your initial response shouldbe at least 150 words in length. Please support your claims with examples from
7. the text, recommended material, and/or scholarly articles. Respond to at least twoof your classmates’ posts by Day 7.Anthropology and the Future. Watch Winners and Losers, available in theFilms On Demand database, in the Ashford Online Library. Which issues aremost urgent in our world today? Are they the same in the US as in the developingworld? Where will the application of an anthropological perspective be mosteffective? Your initial response should be at least 150 words in length. Pleasesupport your claims with examples from the text, recommended material, and/orscholarly articles. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.Focus of the Research PaperThroughout this course, we have learned that the primary mode of subsistence(how a culture makes a living) impacts many other aspects of cultural behaviorand has been an effective way to organize thoughts and studies about culture. Inorder to demonstrate your understanding of subsistence modes and its impact ona culture and why a culture acts as it does, your Research Paper will require youto:1. Select a specific culture from the following list:a. Basseri of Iranb. The Batek of Malaysiac. Engad. The Amishe. Huaorani of Ecuadorf. Bedouing. Zuluh. Kurdsi. Maorij. Mbutik. Nayar of Indial. Semaim. Navajo
8. n. Tikopia of Melanesia2. Research this culture using the Ashford University Online Library. Pleaseidentify and use a minimum of three scholarly articles from the library in additionto the text your research. Keep in mind that most anthropological research,whether article length or book length, is either an ethnography or an ethnology.You may use any combination of ethnographies or ethnologies in your paper.3. Write a seven to eight page long research paper that does the following:a. Identifies and classifies the selected culture’s primary mode of subsistence. (Foragers, Horticulturalists, Pastoralists, Emerging Agriculturalists, AgrarianStates, or Industrialists)b. Analyzes and evaluates the impact that the primary mode of subsistence of theselected culture has on at least three of the following aspects of culture:i. Beliefs and valuesii. Economic organizationiii. Gender relationsiv. Kinshipv. Political organizationvi. Sickness and healingvii. Social changeviii. Social organizationThe Research Paper must be formatted according to APA style and include a titleand a reference page (which does not count towards the page length). Forinformation regarding APA samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center,within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar, in your onlinecourse.In Week Three, you are required to submit an introductory paragraph, thesisstatement, an outline, and your properly formatted reference page with therequired sources identified. At that point, you should have chosen your cultureand identified its primary mode of subsistence.Writing the Research PaperThe Research Paper:
9. 1. Must be seven to eight double-spaced pages in length, and formattedaccording to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.2. Must include a title page with the following:a. Title of paperb. Student’s namec. Coursenameandnumberd. Instructor’s namee. Date submitted3. Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.4. Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.5. Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.6. Must use at least three scholarly sources from the Ashford Online Library.7. Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford WritingCenter.8. Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style asoutlined in the Ashford Writing Center.