Copyright, licenses, public domain, open sources, attribution and citation
Copyright, Licenses, Public Domain, OpenSources, Attribution and Citation
COPYRIGHTDefinition:Copyright is a legal concept, enacted by most governments, giving the creator of an original work exclusive rights to it, usually for a limited time. Generally, it is "the right to copy", but also gives the copyright holder the right to work be credited for the work, to determine who may adapt the work to other forms, who may perform the work, who may financially benefit from it, and other related rights. It is a form of intellectual property (like the patent, the trademark, and the trade secret) applicable to any expressible form of an idea or information that is substantive and discrete.World Intellectual Property Organisation. "Understanding Copyright and Related Rights" (PDF). pp 6-7. Retrieved September 2012. Available http://www.wipo.int/freepublications/en/intproperty/909/wipo_pub_909.pdf
COPYRIGHT & MORAL RIGHTSMoral rightsAccording to the Berne convention, the moral rights of the author are: • The right to claim authorship of the work • The right to object to any distortion, mutilation or modification of the work • The right to object to any derogatory action that may damage the authors honor or reputationAdapted from Plaigarism Today. Retrieved September 2012. Available athttp://www.plagiarismtoday.com/stopping-internet-plagiarism/your-copyrights-online/1-what-is-a-copyright/
COPYRIGHT & PUBLIC DOMAINPUBLIC DOMAIN:Public domain works are those whose intellectual property rights have expired or are inapplicable.The expiration of copyright depends on the country (usually from 50 to 70 years after the authors death). List of countries copyright length is available in Wikipedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries%27_copyright_length
COPYRIGHT AND GNU FREEDOCUMENTATION LICENSEGNU Free Documentation LicenseThe purpose of this License is to make a manual, textbook, or other functional and useful document "free" in the sense of freedom: to assure everyone the effective freedom to copy and redistribute it, with or without modifying it, either commercially or noncommercially. Secondarily, this License preserves fpr tje author and publisher a way to get credit for their work, while not being considered responsible for modifications made by others.This License is a kind of "copyleft", which means that derivative works of the document must themselves be free in the same sense.Version V1.3., November 2008. Retrieved September 2012. Available at http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html.
COPYRIGHT AND CREATIVECOMMONSCreative Commons is a nonprofit organization that enables the sharing and use of creativity and knowledge through free legal tools.Its licenses provide the author a simple, standardized way to give the public permission to share and use his or her creative work - on the conditions of their choice.Creative Commons licenses are not an alternative to copyright. They work alongside copyright.Creative Commons. Retrieved September 2012. Available at http://creativecommons.org/about
ATTRIBUTION vs CITATION Attribution: concept in copyright law requiring an author to be credited. Citation: reference to a published or unpublished source. Generally, the combination of the in-body citation and the bibliographic entry. It has the purpose of attributing prior or unoriginal work and ideas to the correct sources, to allow the reader to determine whether the referenced material supports the authors argument in the claimed way, and to help the reader gauge the strength and validity of the material the author has used. It subscribes to an accepted citation system (APA, ASA, Oxford, Harvard, etc.)Wikipedia. Retrieved 2012
No matter what: ALWAYS REFER TO YOUR SOURCES!!
HOW DO YOU DO CITE?Use an accepted citation system (APA, ASA, Harvard, Oxford, ISO, etc.)Some websites already include this:Wikipedia-> Toolbox (left column) -> Cite this pageThere are also websites that do this for you:- KnightCite Citation Service- Bookrags (use the ISBN to obtain the citation)- zotero.org (works with Modzilla)- bibme.org- easybib.com
LICENSE YOUR WORKIf you have a web site, blog or other, you can directly embed the Creative Commons license you have chosen for your work.You can use PicPick to capture the license on the screen or you can install Creative Commons Add-in on your computer.e.g.:Creative Commons Add-in for Microsoft Office (Word, PPT, Excel): http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=13303
REFERENCESWorld Intellectual Property Organisation. "Understanding Copyright and Related Rights" (PDF). pp 6-7. Retrieved September 2012 from http://www.wipo.int/freepublications/en/intproperty/909/wipo_pub_909.pdfBAILEY, Jonathan. Plaigarism Today. Retrieved September 2012 from http://www.plagiarismtoday.com/stopping- internet-plagiarism/your-copyrights-online/1-what-is-a-copyright/OCEJA CASTANEDO, Jorge, LUNA LOMBARDI, Raúl, BARBERÁN MOLINA, Pascual. Creación, reutilización y difusión de contenidos. Retrieved September 2012 from http://www.riate.org/version/v1/recursos/navegablecursolicencias/index.htmlCreative Commons license:
REFERENCESVersion V1.3., November 2008. Retrieved September 2012. Available at http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html.http://wikipedia.orgAttribution. (2011, February 7). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 09:14, September 16, 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Attribution&oldid=412499830Citation. (2012, September 1). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 09:11, September 16, 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Citation&oldid=510342363http://creativecommons.org