Medical terminology

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  • 1. MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY PREPARED BY : SERDAR DEMIRGIL LESSON 1
  • 2. BASIC WORD STRUCTURE  Medical terms can be divided into two to four parts.Even if a Word is unfamiliar to you, you can figure out the meaning by knowing what each part means.
  • 3. IMPORTANT ELEMENTS OF MEDICAL TERMS  ROOT : Foundation of the term  SUFFIX : Word ending  PREFIX : Word Beginning  COMBINING VOWEL :  Vowel (usually « o » that links the suffix or the root to another root .
  • 4. HOW TO READ MEDICAL TERMS  You should read medical terms starting from the suffix and returning to the beginning to the word.
  • 5. EPI – GASTR – IC  EPI : Prefix meaning « above »  GASTR : Root meaning « stomach »  IC : Suffix meaning « pertaining to »  EPIGASTRIC : Pertaining to above the stomach
  • 6. RULES FOR COMBINING VOWELS  Drop the combining vowel before a suffix that begins with a vowel.  ROOT : GASTRO  SUFFIX : ITIS  CORRECT : GASTRITIS  INCORRECT : GASTROITIS
  • 7. RULE : Keep the combining vowel between two roots even if second root begins with a vowel.  ROOT # 1: GASTRO  ROOT # 2: ENTER - O  SUFFIX : LOGY  CORRECT : GASTROENTEROLOGY  INCORRECT : GASTRENTEROLOGY
  • 8. COMBINING FORMS  A combining form is the combination of a root with a combining vowel.  For Example:  ARTHR – O ( « ARTHR » is the ROOT , and the « O » is the combining vowel.)  NOTE: « O » is the frequently used combining vowel.
  • 9. COMBINING FORMS  ADEN-O : Gland  ARTHR-O : Joint  BI-O : Life  CARCIN-O : Cancerous, Cancer  CARDI-O : Heart  CEPHALO : Head  CEREBR-O : Cerebrum  CIS-O : To cut  CRIN-O : To Secrete,To Form, To Give off  CYST-O : Urinary Bladder,Sac Containing Fluid, Cyst  CYT-O : Cell
  • 10. COMBINING FORMS  DERM-O : Skin  DERMAT-O : Skin  ELECTR-O : Electricity  ENCEPHAL-O : Brain  ENTER-O : Intestines (Usually The Small Intestine)  ERYTHR-O : Red  GASTR-O : Stomach  GLYC-O : Sugar  GNOS-O : Knowledge  GYNEC-O : Woman, Female  HEMAT-O : Blood
  • 11. COMBINING FORMS  HEM-O : Blood  HEPAT-O : Liver  LATR-O : Treatment,Physician  LEUK-O : White  LOG-O : Study of  NEPHR-O : Kidney  NEUR-O : Nerve  ONC-O : Tumor  OPHTHALM-O: Eye  PATH-O : Disease  PED-O : Child
  • 12. COMBINING FORMS  PSYCH-O : Mind  RADI-O : X-Rays  REN-O : Kidney  RHIN-O : Nose  SARC-O : Flesh  SECT-O : To Cut  THROMB-O : Clot, Clotting  UR-O : Urinery Track, Urine
  • 13. QUIZ TIME (THE ANSWER TO THE QUESTIONS WILL FOLLOW EACH SLIDE )  ENDO / CRIN / O / LOGY  IN THE WORD ABOVE , LABEL THE : A. COMBINING VOWEL B. PREFIX C. SUFFIX D. ROOT E. COMBINING FORM
  • 14. ANSWER A. O B. ENDO C. LOGY D. CRIN E. CRIN / O
  • 15. COMBINING VOWELS  COMBINE THE ROOT(S) WITH THE SUFFIXES CORRECTLY 1. ROOT : ARTHR / O SUFFIX : - ITIS 2. ROOT : BI / O SUFFIX : - LOGY 3. ROOT : ELECTR / O ROOT : CARDI / O SUFFIX : -GRAM 4. ROOT : ADEN / O SUFFIX : - OMA 5. ROOT : CEPHAL / O SUFFIX : - IC
  • 16. ANSWERS 1. ARTHRITIS 2. BIOLOGY 3. ELECTROCARDIOGRAM 4. ADENOMA 5. CEPHALIC
  • 17. WHAT VOWEL IS FREQUENTLY USED AS A COMBINING VOWEL? A. A B. E C. I D. O E. U ANSWER : D
  • 18. TERMINOLOGY  WRITE THE COMBINING FORM THAT GOES WITH THE DEFINITION. 1. GLAND 2. LIFE 3. HEART 4. CEREBRUM 5. TO SECRETE,TO FORM TO GIVE OFF 6. CELL 7. SKIN ( 2 TERMS ) 8. BRAIN 9. RED 10. SUGAR
  • 19. ANSWERS 1. ADEN / O 2. BI / O 3. CARDI / O 4. CEREBR / O 5. CRIN / O 6. CYT / O 7. DERM / O ; DERMAT / O 8. ENCEPHAL / O 9. ERYTHR/ O 10. GLYC / O
  • 20. TERMINOLOGY  WRITE THE COMBINING FORM THAT GOES WITH THE DEFINITION. 1. WOMAN, FEMALE 2. BLOOD ( 2 TERMS) 3. TREATMENT, PHYSICIAN 4. STUDY OF 5. NERVE 6. EYE 7. DISEASE 8. MIND 9. KIDNEY (2 TERMS) 10. FLESH 11. CLOT, CLOTTING
  • 21. ANSWERS 1. GYNEC / O 2. HEMAT / O , HEM / O 3. IATR / O 4. LOG / O 5. NEUR / O 6. OPHTHALM / O 7. PATH / O 8. PSYCH / O 9. REN / O ; NEPHR / O 10. SARC / O 11. THROMB / O
  • 22. DEFINITIONS  DEFINE THE FOLLOWING COMBINING FORMS. 1. ARTHR / O 2. CARCIN / O (2) 3. CEPHAL / O 4. CIS / O 5. CYCT / O (3) 6. ELECTR / O 7. ENTER / O 8. GASTR / O 9. GNOS / O 10. HEPAT / O
  • 23. ANSWERS 1. JOINT 2. CANCEROUS, CANCER 3. HEAD 4. TO CUT 5. URINARY BLADDER, SAC CONTAINING FLUID, CYST 6. ELECTRICITY 7. INTESTINES ( OR SMALL INTESTINES ) 8. STOMACH 9. KNOWLEDGE 10. LIVER
  • 24. DEFINITIONS  DEFINE THE FOLLOWING COMBINING FORMS. 1. LEUK / O 2. ONC / O 3. OSTE / O 4. PED / O 5. RADI / O 6. RHIN / O 7. SECT / O 8. UR / O (2)
  • 25. ANSWERS 1. WHITE 2. TUMOR 3. BONE 4. CHILD 5. X-RAYS 6. NOSE 7. TO CUT 8. URINERY TRACT, URINE
  • 26. THANKS FOR LISTENING.