2. Transport InadequacyDuring peak hours, there are not enoughtransportation vehicles available, which resultsin overcrowded vehicles and discomfort forpassengers.
3. CentralizationMost public transportation systems service onlyareas that have high population density.These services do not expand outside of thelarge urban areas.
4. FaresMost public transportation systems havedeveloped a flat fare payment structure. Inmany cases, this flat fare actually discouragesshorter trips by making longer trips lessexpensive.
5. FixitySome public transportation systems are fixed, astrains and subways must travel over specifictracks.A bus route is not fixed, because the driver canchange the route by taking different streets;however, a subway route is fixed, as the subwaycan only travel through the specified subwaytunnels.
6. UNDERSTANDING WHY SOME PEOPLE DO NOT USE BUSES
7. DRAFT LIST OF BARRIERS:• Bus stops are too far away• Buses don’t come often enough• Too long to wait at bus stops• Don’t feel safe waiting at bus stops• Bus stops are dirty/vandalized• Lack of information/knowledge about times• Not sure if the bus will arrive on time
8. • Takes too long to get places by bus• Too crowded/too many people on buses• Fares are too high• Bus drivers are rude/unhelpful• Buses are dirty/smelly• Need assistance to use bus• Don’t feel safe on the bus
9. • Have to change buses/get more than one bus• Need to use car to give other people lifts (e.g. children to school)• Need car for work
10. BUS PROBLEMS
11. Delay due to passenger stopsreduced by improvement of the fare collectionprocess, e.g. self-service fare collection (honorsystem), greater use of passes, smart cards, etc.
12. Pollution Caused By BussesBuses may contribute to atmospheric and noisepollution in cities.
13. reasons for pollution caused by busespoor vehicle maintenance, inadequateenforcement of rules and regulations, andinappropriate vehicle type and size.
14. Bus BunchingIn public transport bus bunching refers to agroup of two or more transit vehicles along thesame route which are scheduled to be evenlyspaced, running in the same location at thesame time.
15. Explanation of Causes
16. 1.Abnormal passenger loadsThe time taken for a bus to complete its duties isrelated to the number of people attempting toboard or alight at stops.
17. 2.Speed of individual driversAnother cause is that some drivers are fasterthan others. This results in catching up on longor high-frequency routes.
18. 3.Deliberate actsbus bunching may be deliberately caused by busdrivers, so that the bus ahead of them picks upmore passengers and decreases their ownworkload.
19. Delay due to right turnsThis type of delay occurs when buses aretraveling in the curb lane and a queue of right-turning vehicles blocks the bus from movingforward.overcome by relocating bus stops to the far sideof the intersection.
20. Case ExampleRight turns may be prohibited as they were on Madison Avenue(with two exclusive bus lanes between 45th and 59th Streets) inNew York City, significantly reducing bus travel times. Thissolution, however, may not be viable everywhere.
21. • Type of another vehicles which can travel in Madison streets with bus Buses Bicycles Between 44th and 46th Streets, taxis carrying at least one passenger are permitted to use the lanes to make a right turn onto 46th Street. Authorized emergency vehicles Traffic / parking control vehicles Snow plows, sand spreaders, sweepers and refuse trucks Highway workers Highway Inspection and Quality Assurance vehicles, compliance inspection unit and street assessment unit vehicles
22. Delay due to general congestionThis component can be reduced if generalcongestion is reduced or if buses are givenpreferential treatment through creation of areserved lane. (Using the bus priority method)
23. Delay due to traffic signalsPriority treatment of buses at intersectionsholds the potential to reduce a significant sourceof delay in bus operations.
24. Creating Better Bus System
25. Bus systems provide a versatile form of publictransportation with the flexibility to serve avariety of access needs and an unlimited rangeof locations throughout a metropolitan area.
26. Designing accessible busesBus vehicles should be designed according touniversal design principles and shouldbe able to easily accommodate a variety ofusers, including people using mobilityaids and walking aids, people with a visionimpairment, including those with guidedogs, cyclists, parents with prams and strollers,and people travelling with luggage orshopping trolleys.
27. Better bus stopsBus stops should have good amenities,especially at high-use locations, includingshelter, seating and lighting, as well as beingwell-maintained.
28. The driver relationshipA good driver places priority on his passengersneeds, seeks to facilitate access foreveryone, and is friendly, courteous and well-presented to make passengers feelwelcome.
29. Navigating the bus networkMany people lack knowledge of how to use bussystems, including whether they willbe able to use the service, how to plan journeysusing the bus network, how to findthe information they need to make busjourneys, and what accessibility features willbe available for a given service.
30. Route scheduling and network designServices should be punctual and frequent, have awide span of operating hours,prevent overcrowding, meet the needs of localcommunities, make low-floor busesavailable, and support interchanging
31. A system that supports bus accessMaking decisions about the bus network shouldincorporate social and environmentalobjectives.Good community engagement and feedbackmechanisms would improve thedecisions made about accessibility of buses