Using Wikis in Education


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Using Wikis in Education

  1. 1. Using Wikis in Education Dr. Steve Yuen Professor Instructional Technology Department of Technology Education The University of Southern Mississippi
  2. 2. What is a Wiki? <ul><li>Wiki =quick (in Hawaiian) </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki ≠ Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>A collaborative website whose content can be edited by anyone who has access to it ( American Heritage Dictionary, 4 th edition ) </li></ul><ul><li>A fully editable Web site </li></ul><ul><li>Software that allows people with no knowledge of HTML or other </li></ul><ul><li>programming languages </li></ul><ul><li>to create and/or edit a website </li></ul>
  3. 3. Wiki Definitions <ul><li>Wiki is “a collaborative workspace in which information can be gathered, shared, evaluated, organized or used to produce something new.” </li></ul>Achterman, Doug, (2006). Making connections with blogs and wikis. Paper presented at the California School Library Association Conference at San Jose State University
  4. 5. Wikipedia <ul><li>The largest Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia is: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A free encyclopedia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multilingual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web-based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Written collaboratively by volunteers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most articles can be changed by anyone </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia has more than 3 million articles </li></ul>
  5. 6. Why Wiki? / Why Not Wiki? <ul><li>Easy to use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web-based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple software commands </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anyone can make changes </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible and extensible </li></ul><ul><li>Harness collective intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Can help develop a culture of sharing and working together </li></ul><ul><li>The success of the Wikipedia may not necessarily be replicated elsewhere. </li></ul><ul><li>Vandalism and spam </li></ul><ul><li>Too open (trust issues) </li></ul><ul><li>Concerns about copyright and other legal issues regarding collaborative content </li></ul><ul><li>Disorganized </li></ul><ul><li>NO standard Wiki markup language </li></ul>Grossek, G, (April, 2007) A Successful Pedagogical Experiment: Using Wikis in Academic Lectures, eLSE07 Bucharest
  6. 7. Features of Wikis <ul><li>Easy to update – no HTML needed </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative – can identify who made what changes </li></ul><ul><li>Version control – can restore older versions and see history of changes </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion feature – can discuss a page in a discussion area </li></ul>
  7. 8. Wikis vs Blogs <ul><li>Asynchronous </li></ul><ul><li>Can add links, text, pictures and podcasts </li></ul><ul><li>Can be edited by other people </li></ul><ul><li>Can be password protected </li></ul><ul><li>Blog is like a threaded discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki is more like Web pages linked together </li></ul><ul><li>Blog is more suited for journaling </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis are suited for online collaboration </li></ul>Similarities Differences
  8. 9. Benefits of Wikis <ul><li>Reduce redundancy of resources </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages interlinking of concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Allows multiple edits of the same content </li></ul><ul><li>Searchable </li></ul><ul><li>Able to measure use </li></ul><ul><li>Able to make timely updates </li></ul>
  9. 10. Using a Wiki in Education <ul><li>Classroom discussion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>List assignments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discuss curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Create online content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Create a community around a specific topic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community can pool their knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Developer tool </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Software documentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain enhancement list </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Track issues </li></ul></ul>Victoria A. Davis, 2006 Grossek, G, (April, 2007) A Successful Pedagogical Experiment: Using Wikis in Academic Lectures, eLSE07 Bucharest
  10. 11. Classroom Ideas <ul><li>Teachers can use Wikis for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>managing school and classroom documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>creating and maintaining a classroom FAQ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>providing a place for a classroom discussion and debate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Students can use Wikis for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>collaborating in research, case studies, or online class projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>processing what they learn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>expressing their findings to wider audiences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>distributing information </li></ul></ul>
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  17. 23. Create Your Own Wiki <ul><li>Make a plan </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a wiki farm [i.e., Wetpaint, Wikispaces] </li></ul><ul><li>Set up an account </li></ul><ul><li>Create your wiki </li></ul><ul><li>All pages in a wiki should be linked to another page in that wiki. No page should stand alone </li></ul>
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  20. 40. The End <ul><li>Questions or Comments? </li></ul>