PRESENT SIMPLE (Aff.)
                To be

I                       am

You                     are

He / She / It       ...
Examples
•   I am a good student.
•   You are my teacher.
•   Pedro (he) is my friend.
•   María (she) is my friend, too.
...
PRESENT SIMPLE (Neg.)
                To be

I                   am          ’m not
You                 are         aren’t...
Examples
•   I am not a good student.
       I’m not a good student.
•   You are not my teacher.
       You aren’t my teac...
PRESENT SIMPLE (Int.)
                To be

I                       am

You                     are

He / She / It       ...
PRESENT SIMPLE (Int.)
      To be

Am                 I
Are               you
Is            he / she / it   ?
Are         ...
Examples
•   Am I a good student ?
•   Are you my teacher ?
•   Is Pedro (he) my friend ?
•   Is María (she) my friend, to...
Short answers
•   Am I a good student ?
          Yes, you are        ///    No, you aren’t.
•   Are you my teacher ?
    ...
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Present To Be Forms

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Present To Be Forms

  1. 1. PRESENT SIMPLE (Aff.) To be I am You are He / She / It is We are You are They are
  2. 2. Examples • I am a good student. • You are my teacher. • Pedro (he) is my friend. • María (she) is my friend, too. • The cat (it) is on the chair. • Pedro, María and I (we) are friends. • “You, boys and girls, are young students.” • Pedro and María (they) are my friends.
  3. 3. PRESENT SIMPLE (Neg.) To be I am ’m not You are aren’t He / She / It is isn’t not We are aren’t You are aren’t They are aren’t
  4. 4. Examples • I am not a good student. I’m not a good student. • You are not my teacher. You aren’t my teacher. • Pedro (he) is not my friend. Pedro (he) isn’t my friend. • María (she) is not my friend. María (she) isn’t my friend. • The cat (it) is not on the chair. The cat (it) isn’t on the chair. • Pedro, María and I (we) are not friends. Pedro, María and I (we) aren’t friends. • “You, boys and girls, are not young students.” “You, boys and girls, aren’t young students.” • Pedro and María (they) are not my friends. Pedro and María (they) aren’t my friends.
  5. 5. PRESENT SIMPLE (Int.) To be I am You are He / She / It is We are You are They are
  6. 6. PRESENT SIMPLE (Int.) To be Am I Are you Is he / she / it ? Are we Are you Are they
  7. 7. Examples • Am I a good student ? • Are you my teacher ? • Is Pedro (he) my friend ? • Is María (she) my friend, too ? • Is the cat (it) on the chair ? • Are Pedro, María and I (we) friends ? • Are you, boys and girls, young students ? • Are Pedro and María (they) my friends ?
  8. 8. Short answers • Am I a good student ? Yes, you are /// No, you aren’t. • Are you my teacher ? Yes, I am. /// No, I’m not. • Is Pedro my friend ? Yes, he is. /// No, he isn’t. • Is María my friend, too ? Yes, she is. /// No, she isn’t. • Is the cat on the chair ? Yes, it is. /// No it isn’t. • Are Pedro, María and I friends ? Yes, we are. /// No, we aren’t. • Are you, boys and girls, young students ? Yes, we are. /// No, we aren’t. • Are Pedro and María my friends ? Yes, they are. /// No, they aren’t.

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