Gerund infinitive exercises_key


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Gerund infinitive exercises_key

  1. 1. Gerund or Infinitive Key 1. In this exercise you have to complete the sentences with these verbs: try steal meet look write make be knocked wash play eat splash go drive take Example: Do you fancy playing tennis this afternoon? 1 Could you please stop making so much noise? 2 I dont enjoy writing letters. 3 Does your job involve meeting a lot of people? 4 I considered taking the job but in the end I decided against it. 5 If you use the shower, try and avoid splashing water on the floor. 6 Jack gave up trying to find a job in Britain and decided to emigrate. 7 Have you finished washing your hair yet? 8 The phone rang while Ann was having her dinner. She didnt answer it; she just carried on eating. 9 He admitted stealing the car but denied driving it dangerously. 10 Why do you keep on looking at me like that? 11 They had to postpone going away because their son was ill. 12 If you walk into the road without looking, you risk being knocked down by a car.2. This time you have to read a sentence and write a second sentence with the same meaning. Begin your sentence in the way shown. Examples: Do you have to travel in your job? Does your job involve travelling ? He is now sorry that he didnt studv harder when he was at college. He now regrets not studying harder when he was at college. 1 I dont want to go out this evening. I dont fancy going out this evening. 2 Are you sorry you didnt take the job? Do you regret not taking the job / that you didnt take … ? 3 Why dont you go away tomorrow instead of today? Why dont you put off going away until tomorrow ? 4 Its not a good idea to travel during the rush-hour. Its better to avoid travelling during the rush-hour. 5 Could you turn the radio down, please? Would you mind turning the radio down, please ? 6 The driver of the car said it was true that he didnt have a licence. The driver of the car admitted not having a licence / that he didn’t have a licence. 7 Tom said Lets have fish for dinner. Tom suggested having fish for dinner / that we had fish for… / that we should have fish …3. In this exercise you have to complete each sentence with a suitable verb. Example: Dont forget to post the letter I gave you. 1 Tom refused to lend / to give me any money. 2 Jill has decided not to buy / to hire a car. 3 The thief got into the house because I forgot to shut / to close / to lock the window. 4 There was a lot of traffic but we managed to get to the airport in time. 5 Ive arranged to play tennis tomorrow afternoon. 6 One day Id like to learn (how) to fly / to pilot an aeroplane. 7 I shouted to him. He pretended not to hear / to understand / to see me but Im sure he did. 8 Why hasnt Sue arrived yet? She promised not to be / to come / to arrive late. 9 Our neighbour threatened to call / to phone / to ring the police if we didnt stop the noise. 10 Ann offered to look after our children while we were out. 11 The teacher was very strict. Nobody dared (to) talk / (to) speak / (to) laugh / (to) laugh during his lessons. 1
  2. 2. 4. Complete each sentence using what or how with one of the following verbs: do say get use ride cook Example: Do you know how to get to Johns house? 1 Have you decided what to cook for dinner this evening? 2 Can you show me how to use the washing machine? 3 Do you know what to do if theres a fire in the building? 4 Youll never forget how to ride a bicycle once you have learned. 5 I was really astonished. I didnt know what to say (what to do).5. Read each sentence and write a second sentence from the words given. Example: Jill didnt have any money. she / want / Ann / lend her some. She wanted Ann to lend her some. 1 Toms parents were disappointed when he decided to leave home. they / want / Tom / stay with them They wanted Tom to stay with them. 2 Please dont tell anyone that Im leaving my job. I / not / want / anyone / know I don’t want to anyone to know that I’m leaving. 3 Theres a football match next Saturday between England and Scotland. you / want / Scotland / win? Do you want Scotland to win? 4 Unfortunately someone had told Sue that I was going to visit her. I / want / it / be a surprise I wanted it to be a surprise.6. Now you have to read a sentence and then write a second sentence with the same meaning. Each time begin in the way shown. Examples: Dont touch anything, the man said to me. The man told me not to touch anything My father said I could use his car. My father allowed me to use his car. 1 Dont forget to post the letter, Jack said to me. Jack reminded me to post the letter. 2 She told me that it would be best if I told the police about the accident. She advised me to tell the police about the accident. 3 I told you that you shouldnt tell him anything. I warned you not to tell anything. 4 I was surprised that it rained. I didnt expect it to rain (that it would rain). 5 Would you like to have dinner with me? Tom said to Ann. Tom invited Ann to have dinner with him / Ann to dinner with him. 6 At first I didnt want to play tennis but John persuaded me. John persuaded me to play tennis. 7 The sudden noise caused me to jump. The sudden noise made me jump. 8 If youve got a car, you are able to travel around more easily. Having a car enables you to travel around more easily. 9 She wouldnt allow me to read the letter. She wouldnt let me read the letter.7. Now put the verb in the right form: -ing, to + infinitive, or infinitive without to. Example: Mr Thomas doesnt allow smoking (smoke) in his office. 1 Mr Thomas doesnt let anyone smoke (smoke) in his office. 2 I dont know Jack but Id like to meet (meet) him. 3 Where would you recommend me to go (go) for my holidays? 4 I dont recommend eating (eat) in that restaurant. The foods awful. 5 The film was very sad. It made me cry (cry). 6 Jacks parents have always encouraged him to study (study) hard. 7 We were kept at the police station for an hour and then allowed to go (=we were allowed to go) (go). 2
  3. 3. 8. Answer these questions using the verbs given. Examples: Why do you never fly? (hate) I hate flying. Why does Tom go to the cinema so often? (like) He likes going to the cinema. 1 Why do you always wear a hat? (like) I like wearing / to wear a hat. 2 Why does Ann watch television so often? (enjoy) She enjoys watching television. 3 Why do you never go to the cinema? (not/like) I don’t like going to the cinema. 4 Why does Jack take so many photographs? (like) He likes taking photographs. 5 Why dont you work in the evenings? (hate) I hate working in the evenings.9. This time put the verb into the correct form, -ing or to + infinitive. Examples: I enjoy being (be) alone. Would you like to come (come) to a party? Do you mind travelling (travel) such a long way to work every day? Ann loves cooking (cook) but she hates washing (wash) up. I cant stand people telling (tell) me what to do when Im driving. I dont like that house. I would hate to live (live) there. Do you like driving (drive) ? When I have to catch a train, Im always worried about missing it. So I like to get (get) to the station in plenty of time. I very much enjoy listening (listen) to classical music. I would love to come (come) to your wedding but it just isnt possible.10. Here is some information about Tom when he was a child. 1 He was in hospital when he was four. 4 He cried on his first day at school. 2 He went to Paris when he was eight. 5 He said he wanted to be a doctor. 3 He fell into the river. 6 He was bitten by a dog. He can still remember 1, 2 and 4. But he cant remember 3, 5 and 6. Make sentences beginning He can remember ... or He cant remember ... . 1 He can remember being in hospital ........... . 4 He can remember crying on his first day at school. 2 He can remember going to Paris when.... 5 He can’t remember saying he wanted to be a doctor 3 He can’t remember falling into the river 6 He can’t remember being bitten by a dog.11. Your friend has some problems and you have to be helpful. For each problem write a question with try. Example: I cant find anywhere to live, (put an advertisement in the newspaper) Have you tried putting an advertisement in the newspaper? 1 My electric shaver is not working, (change the batteries) Have you tried changing the batteries? 2 I cant contact Fred. Hes not at home, (phone him at work) Have you tried phoning him at work? 3 Im having difficulty sleeping at night, (take sleeping tablets) Have you tried taking sleeping tablets? (Have you tried sleeping tablets?) 4 The television picture isnt very good, (move the aerial) Have you tried moving the aerial?12. In this exercise you have to put the verb into the correct form, -ing or to + infinitive. (Sometimes either form is possible.) Examples: Please remember to post (post) this letter. John intends to buy (or buying) (buy) a house. 1 A: You lent me some money a few months ago. B: Did I? Thats strange. I dont remember lending (lend) you any money. 2 We tried to put (put) the fire out but we were unsuccessful. We had to call the fire-brigade. 3 When you see Tom, remember to give (give) him my regards, wont you? 4 What do you intend to do (doing) (do) about this problem? 5 Someone must have taken my bag. I clearly remember leaving (leave) it by the window and now it has gone. 6 When she saw what had happened, she began to laugh (laughing) (laugh) loudly. 3
  4. 4. 7 Sue needed some money. She tried asking (ask) Gerry but he couldnt help her. 8 He tried to reach (reach) the shelf but he wasnt tall enough. 9 Did you remember to phone (phone) Ann? Oh no, I completely forgot. 10 I asked them to be quiet but they continued to make (making) (make) a lot of noise.13. Now you have to make sentences with need -ing. Use the verb in brackets. Example: This coat is rather dirty, (clean) . It needs cleaning. 1 This room hasnt been painted for years, (paint) It needs painting. 2 Your hair is too long, (cut) It needs cutting. 3 Those shoes are rather dirty, (polish) They need polishing. 4 This plant hasnt been watered for some time, (water) It needs watering. 5 Those screws are loose, (tighten) They need tightening. 6 Your jeans are too long, (take up) They need taking up.14. Put the verb into the correct form, -ing or to + infinitive. Examples: If you want to pass your exams, you need to study (study) more. Im sorry I broke the glass. I couldnt help dropping (drop) it. Does this job need doing (to be done) (do) now or can I leave it until later? Ive got an extra bed, so when you come to stay, you wont need ro bring (bring) your sleeping bag. Tom helped his mother get (to get) (get) the dinner ready. When he told me that everybody had made fun of him, I couldnt help feeling. (feel) sorry for him. Those shirts need ironing (to be ironed) (iron) but you dont need to do (do) it now. He looks so funny. When I see him, I cant help smiling (smile). The fine weather helped make (to make) (make) it a very enjoyable holiday.15. In this exercise you have to read a sentence and then write a second sentence with the same meaning. Each time begin in the way shown. Example: I phoned Ann and then I went out. After phoning Ann I went out. 1 Tom went to bed but first he had a hot drink. Before going to bed Tom had a drink . / (Before he went to bed ....) 2 The plane took off and soon afterwards it crashed. Soon after taking off, the plane crashed, / (Soon after it took / had taken off, ....) 3 We didnt eat at home. We went to a restaurant instead. Instead of eating at home we went to a restaurant. 4 You put peoples lives in danger if you drive dangerously. You put peoples lives in danger by driving dangerously. 5 He hurt his leg but he managed to win the race. In spite of hurting his leg, he managed to win the race. 6 Bill is a very good cook. Bill is very good at cooking. 7 I dont intend to lend her any money. I have no intention of lending her any money. 8 George took more exercise and so lost weight. By taking more exercise George lost weight. 9 He was angry with me because I was late. He was angry with me for being late. 10 Tom thinks that doing nothing is better than working. Tom prefers doing nothing to working.16. Now read each situation and then write a sentence with without -ing. Examples: She ran five miles. She didnt stop. She ran five miles without stopping. He left the room. Nobody saw him. He left the room without anyone seeing him. 1 He translated the article. He didnt use a dictionary. He translated the article without using a dictionary. 2 Look right and left before you cross the road. Dont cross the road without looking right and left. 3 She got married. Nobody knew about it. She got married without anybody knowing about it. 4
  5. 5. 17. This time read each situation and write a sentence with look forward to. Examples: You are goins on holiday next week. How do you feel about this? I’m looking forward to going on holiday. Sue is doing an examination next week. Shes not very happy about it. How does she feel about it? She is not looking forward to doing the examination. . 1 A good friend is coming to visit you soon, so you will see him/her again. How do you feel about this? Im looking forward to seeing him/her again. / (.... forward to his/her coming). 2 You are going to the dentist. You dont like visits to the dentist. How do you feel about it? I’m not looking forward to going to the dentist. 3 Carol is a schoolgirl. She hates school but she is leaving school next summer. How does she feel about this? She is looking forward to leaving school.18. In this exercise you have to write the correct preposition and to put the verb into the correct form. Use the verb in brackets at the end of each sentence. Example: Jack insisted on going out by himself, (go) 1 After a long time we eventually succeeded in finding a flat, (find) 2 Ive been thinking of/about looking for a new job. (look) 3 His parents didnt approve of him staying out so late, (stay) 4 I wonder what prevented him from coming to the party, (come) 5 Im getting hungry. Im looking forward to having dinner, (have) 6 I dont feel like studying today, (study) 7 Forgive me for interrupting you but I must ask you a question, (interrupt) 8 The arrested man was suspected of breaking into a house, (break) 9 Have you ever thought of/about getting married? (get) 10 Ive always dreamed of living on a small island in the Pacific, (live) 11 The cold water didnt stop her (from) having a swim, (have) 12 Have you ever been accused of committing a crime? (commit) 13 She apologised for being so rude to me. (be) 14 We have decided against buying / (not to buy) a new car. (buy)19. Now you have to change direct speech into reported speech. Begin each of your sentences in the way shown. Example: It was nice of you to help me. Thanks very much. (George said to you) George thanked me for helping him. 1 Ill drive you to the station. I insist. (Tom said to Ann) Tom insisted on driving Ann to the station. 2 I hear you passed your examinations. Congratulations! (Jim said to you) Jim congratulated me on passing my examinations. 3 It was nice of you to visit me. Thank you. (Mrs Dent said to Sue) Mrs Dent thanked Sue for visiting her. 4 Dont stay at the hotel near the airport. (I said to Jack) I warned Jack agains staying at the hotel ... / (not to stay at the hotel ...) 5 Im sorry I didnt phone you earlier. (Margaret said to you) Margaret apologised to me for not phonit (me) earlier. 6 You didnt pay attention to what I said. (The teacher said to the boy) The teacher accused the boy of not paying attention to what he (had) said.20. In this exercise you have to join two sentences to make one sentence. Examples: Dont worry about it. It’s no use worrying about it. Dont get a taxi. Its not worth it. It’s not worth getting a taxi. 1 Dont try to escape. Its no use. Its no use trying to escape. 2 Dont smoke. Its a waste of money. Its a waste of money smoking. 3 Dont ask Tom to help you. Its no good. Its no good asking Tom to help you. 4 Dont hurry. Its not worth it. Its not worth hurrying. 5 Dont study if youre feeling tired. Theres no point. Theres no point in studying if you’re feeling tired. 6 Dont read newspapers. Its a waste of time. Its a waste of time reading newspapers. 7 Dont get angry. Its not worth it. Its not worth getting angry. 8 Dont work if you dont need the money. Theres no point. Theres no point in working if you don’t need the money. 5
  6. 6. 21. Now you have to make sentences with worth. Examples: Id read this book if I were you. This book is worth reading. I wouldnt read this book if I were you. This book isn’t worth reading. 1 Id visit the museum if I were you. The museum is worth visiting. 2 I wouldnt repair those shoes if I were you. Those shoes aren’t worth repairing. 3 I wouldnt keep these old clothes if I were you. These old clothes aren’t worth keeping. 4 Id consider the plan if I were you. The plan is worth considering.22. Read these sentences and each time write a new sentence using difficulty. Example: I found a place to live but it was difficult. I had difficulty finding a place to live. 1 Tom finds it difficult to meet people. Tom has difficulty meeting people. 2 He found a job. This wasnt difficult. He had no difficulty finding a job. 3 It wont be difficult to get a ticket for the concert. You wont have any difficulty getting a ticket for the concert. 4 I find it difficult to understand him when he speaks quickly. I have difficulty understanding him when he speaks quickly.23. Complete these sentences with one of the following expressions. Put the verb into the correct form. go skiing go shopping go swimming go sailing go riding Barry lives by the sea and hes got a boat, so he often goessailing. Theres plenty of snow in the mountains so well be able to go skiing. It was a very hot day, so we went swimming in the river. Margaret likes horses. She often goes riding. The shops are shut now. Its too late to go shopping.24. Read these situations and write three sentences with used to as in the example. Example: Jane is American. She came to Britain and found driving on the left difficult. a) At first she wasn’t used to driving on the left. b) But soon she got used to driving on the left. c) Now she has no problems. She is used to driving on the left. 1 Juan came to England from Spain. In Spain he always had dinner late in the evening. But in England dinner was at 6 oclock. Juan found this strange at first. a) At first he wasnt used to having dinner at 6 o’clock. b) But after some time he got used to having dinner at 6 o’clock. c) Now he finds it quite normal. He is used to having dinner at 6 o’clock. 2 Diana is a nurse. She started working nights two years ago. At first she found it strange and didnt like it. a) At first she wasn’t used to working nights. b) But after a while she got used to working nights. c) Now she doesnt mind it at all She is used to working nights.25. Now read these situations and write a sentence with be/get used to. Example: Frank lives alone. He doesnt mind this. He has always lived alone. (he / used / live / alone) . He is used to living alone. 1 Ron sleeps on the floor. He doesnt mind this. He has always slept on the floor. (he / used / sleep / on the floor) He is used to sleeping on the floor. 2 Sue moved from a big house to a much smaller one. What did she have to get used to? (she had / used / live / in a smaller house) She had to get used to living in a smaller house. 3 Jack once went to the Middle East. It was too hot for him. (he / not / used / the heat) He wasn’t used to the heat. 4 Bill doesnt have any money. He doesnt find this unusual because he has never had any money. (he / used / have / no money) He is used to having no money. 5 Tom is going to live in your country. What will he have to get used to? (Write your own answer!) Hell have to get used to driving on the right. 6
  7. 7. 62.3 Now you have to put the verb into the correct form, -ing or infinitive (I am used to doing or I used to do). Examples: Jane had to get used to driving on the left, (drive) Bill used to be very fit. Now hes in terrible condition, (be) 1 When I was a child, I used to go swimming every day. (go) 2 It took me a long time to get used to wearing glasses, (wear) 3 There used to be a cinema on this corner but it was knocked down, (be) 4 Im the boss. Im not used to being told what to do. (be) 5 Youll have to get used to eating less if you want to lose weight, (eat) 6 I used to like Ann but now she gets on my nerves, (like) 7 Ron got tired very quickly. He wasnt used to running so fast, (run) 8 Tom used to drink a lot of coffee when he was a student, (drink) 7