Westward Ho!!Or, how to go coast to coast in just a            few years…
EQs-   How and why did America        expand during the 1840s?       What was the impact of        expansion on sectionali...
Maine Boundary Settlement,          1842
Key Figures in Texas Independence, 1836Sam Houston    Stephen Austin(1793-1863)     (1793-1836)
Steve Austin
Texas Settlement• Stephen Austin• Mexico’s deal  – 4600 acres per family  – Convert to Cath.  – $.12 per acre to Austin (1...
The Republic of Texas
Texas Independence 1836• Causes of Texas’ Independence  – Mexico outlaws slavery  – Taxes & troops in Texas  – Protection ...
The Battle of the Alamo  General Antonio Lpez de Santa Anna         Recaptures the Alamo
Remember the Alamo!
Admit Texas as a State??• North says Nay (many little slave states)• South says Yea!!! (slave states)• Fearing Brit. & F...
Pres. John Tyler S.o.S. John Calhoun
Admit Texas as a State??• North says Nay (many little slave states)• South says Yea!!! (slave states)• Fearing Brit. & F...
Texas Annexation 1845• ’44 Pro-expansion Polk defeats Clay (who  “molded” and “shaped” a flip-flopping image)• Outgoing Pr...
James Polk
Disputed Texas Territory
Wilmot Proviso, 1846No slavery in any MexicanWar lands                            Congr. David                            ...
Mexican War 1846-48• $25 m. purchase fails• Mexico City taken  Treaty of Guadalupe  Hidalgo  – Cali/New Mexico  – $15 m. ...
Treaty of Guadalupe-   Hidalgo, 1848              Nicholas Trist,                American                Negotiator
The Mexican Cession
Land Acquisition
Overland Immigration to the           West Between 1840 and 1860, more than 250,000 people made the trek westward.
The Oregon Trail – Albert     Bierstadt, 1869
Trails Westward
The Oregon Dispute: 54’ 40º         or Fight! By the mid-  1840s,  “Oregon  Fever” was  spurred on by  the promise of  T...
The Trail Today
Some Major Trails West
Religion• Mormon faith• Joseph Smith• Brigham Young leads  them west (1846)
Mormon Trail
GOLD! At Sutter’s Mill,       1848                John A. Sutter
California Gold Rush,        1849  49er’s
The Doomed Donner Party  April, 1846 – April,          1847
Westward Ho! 2012
Westward Ho! 2012
Westward Ho! 2012
Westward Ho! 2012
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Westward Ho! 2012

  1. 1. Westward Ho!!Or, how to go coast to coast in just a few years…
  2. 2. EQs- How and why did America expand during the 1840s? What was the impact of expansion on sectionalism?
  3. 3. Maine Boundary Settlement, 1842
  4. 4. Key Figures in Texas Independence, 1836Sam Houston Stephen Austin(1793-1863) (1793-1836)
  5. 5. Steve Austin
  6. 6. Texas Settlement• Stephen Austin• Mexico’s deal – 4600 acres per family – Convert to Cath. – $.12 per acre to Austin (10X less than in US)• Southern slaveholders
  7. 7. The Republic of Texas
  8. 8. Texas Independence 1836• Causes of Texas’ Independence – Mexico outlaws slavery – Taxes & troops in Texas – Protection of rights• Texas revolt & Independence 1836• Mex. Gen. Santa Anna attacks Alamo• Sam Houston leads Texas victory – Captured Santa Anna signs Indep.
  9. 9. The Battle of the Alamo General Antonio Lpez de Santa Anna Recaptures the Alamo
  10. 10. Remember the Alamo!
  11. 11. Admit Texas as a State??• North says Nay (many little slave states)• South says Yea!!! (slave states)• Fearing Brit. & France nice-nice w/ Texas – Pres. Tyler/Calhoun negotiate statehood treaty – Sen. rejects Annex… over slavery• Polk runs on taking Texas/Oregon
  12. 12. Pres. John Tyler S.o.S. John Calhoun
  13. 13. Admit Texas as a State??• North says Nay (many little slave states)• South says Yea!!! (slave states)• Fearing Brit. & France nice-nice w/ Texas – Pres. Tyler/Calhoun negotiate statehood treaty – Sen. rejects Annex… over slavery• Polk runs on taking Texas/Oregon
  14. 14. Texas Annexation 1845• ’44 Pro-expansion Polk defeats Clay (who “molded” and “shaped” a flip-flopping image)• Outgoing Pres. Tyler pushes admission of Texas through Congress (Feb. 1845) – No more than 4 states – Missouri Comp.’s 36o 30’ extended
  15. 15. James Polk
  16. 16. Disputed Texas Territory
  17. 17. Wilmot Proviso, 1846No slavery in any MexicanWar lands Congr. David Wilmot (D-PA)
  18. 18. Mexican War 1846-48• $25 m. purchase fails• Mexico City taken  Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo – Cali/New Mexico – $15 m. to Mex. (+$3 m.)
  19. 19. Treaty of Guadalupe- Hidalgo, 1848 Nicholas Trist, American Negotiator
  20. 20. The Mexican Cession
  21. 21. Land Acquisition
  22. 22. Overland Immigration to the West Between 1840 and 1860, more than 250,000 people made the trek westward.
  23. 23. The Oregon Trail – Albert Bierstadt, 1869
  24. 24. Trails Westward
  25. 25. The Oregon Dispute: 54’ 40º or Fight! By the mid- 1840s, “Oregon Fever” was spurred on by the promise of The joint free land. S. British-U. occupation ended in 1846.
  26. 26. The Trail Today
  27. 27. Some Major Trails West
  28. 28. Religion• Mormon faith• Joseph Smith• Brigham Young leads them west (1846)
  29. 29. Mormon Trail
  30. 30. GOLD! At Sutter’s Mill, 1848 John A. Sutter
  31. 31. California Gold Rush, 1849 49er’s
  32. 32. The Doomed Donner Party April, 1846 – April, 1847
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