Spanish american war plus

1,236 views
1,023 views

Published on

Published in: News & Politics
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,236
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Spanish american war plus

  1. 1. America Joins the World Stage U.S. Foreign Policy 1867-1905
  2. 2. Causes of U.S. Imperialism <ul><li>Moving West/Taking land </li></ul>
  3. 3. U.S. Territorial Expansion
  4. 4. Causes of U.S. Imperialism <ul><li>Moving West/Taking land </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual/Beliefs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monroe Doctrine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manifest Destiny </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American Exceptionalism </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Seward’s Folly <ul><li>Alaska Purchased 1867 </li></ul><ul><li>$7.2 m. (12 cents/acre) </li></ul><ul><li>new American Empire?! </li></ul>
  6. 6. Seward’s Folly <ul><li>Alaska Purchased 1867 </li></ul><ul><li>$7.2 m. (12 cents/acre) </li></ul><ul><li>new American Empire?! </li></ul>Our new Capital?!?
  7. 7. Causes <ul><li>Intellectual/Beliefs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monroe Doctrine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manifest Destiny </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American Exceptionalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Darwinism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White Man’s Burden </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Religious </li></ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Influence of Sea Power... Alfred Thayer Mahan </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Alfred Thayer Mahan
  9. 9. Causes <ul><li>Intellectual/Beliefs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monroe Doctrine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manifest Destiny </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American Exceptionalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Darwinism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White Man’s Burden </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Religious </li></ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Influence of Sea Power... Alfred Thayer Mahan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>markets for goods/trade </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Taking Hawaii <ul><li>Queen Liliuokalani removed from throne in 1893 </li></ul>
  11. 11. Sanford Dole <ul><li>engineered removal of Hawaii Queen Liliuokalani </li></ul><ul><li>ordered to return Hawaii </li></ul><ul><li>stays as Pres./Gov. until 1903 </li></ul>
  12. 12. Revolution in Cuba <ul><li>Cuba was a Spanish colony </li></ul><ul><li>Cubans fought Spanish from 1868 on & off </li></ul><ul><li>Americans view </li></ul>
  13. 13. Revolution in Cuba <ul><li>Feb. 1895 new rebellion starts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>led by Jos é Martí </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>destroy Spanish & U.S. sugar fields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spain out </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. help? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Martí was killed (G. Washington of Cuba) </li></ul>
  14. 14. America’s Position <ul><li>Most Americans supported the Cubans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>American Revolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monroe Doctrine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Washington’s Neutrality </li></ul>
  15. 15. Causes of SPAM: de L ôme Letter <ul><li>Enrique Dupuy de Lôme </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish ambassador to U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote a letter to friends in Cuba </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cuban agents seized the letter and gave it to the New York Journal in Feb., 1898 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Called President McKinley, “weak and a bidder for the admiration of the crowd.” Ouch! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>McKinley/US insulted </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Causes of SPAM: The U.S.S. Maine <ul><li>Showing the Flag </li></ul><ul><ul><li>McKinley sends battleship Maine to Havana </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>protect our investments in Cuba </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Feb. 15, 1898, Maine explodes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>at the time, thought Spanish mine was cause </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>recently (1999), coal fire/boiler explosion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>268 American Sailors died </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. The wreck of the U.S.S. Maine U.S.S. Maine before the explosion
  18. 18. U.S.S. Maine Memorial Arlington National Cemetery
  19. 19. Causes of SPAM: Yellow Journalism <ul><li>Sensationalized stories to sell papers </li></ul><ul><li>Joseph Pulitzer: New York World </li></ul><ul><li>William Randolph Hearst: New York Journal </li></ul>
  20. 20. Joseph Pulitzer William Randolph Hearst
  21. 23. Spanish Oppression <ul><li>300,000 Spanish troops sent to Cuba </li></ul><ul><li>Led by General Valeriano Weyler </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nicknamed “The Butcher” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reconcentration camps (300,000) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Disease, starvation, brutal treatment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>about 1/3 died </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 25. Causes of SPAM <ul><li>new attitudes toward imperialism (mentioned before) </li></ul><ul><li>de Lome letter </li></ul><ul><li>sinking of Maine (“ Remember the Maine , to Hell with Spain”) </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow Journalism/Jingoism </li></ul><ul><li>Humanitarian concerns </li></ul>
  23. 26. War is Declared <ul><li>April 11, 1898, McKinley asked Congress to declare war </li></ul><ul><li>Teller Amendment  U.S. won’t annex Cuba </li></ul><ul><li>April 25, U.S. declared war on Spain </li></ul>
  24. 28. Major Battles <ul><li>Manilla  May 1, 1898, Commodore Dewey crushes Spanish fleet </li></ul>
  25. 31. Major Battles <ul><li>Manilla  May 1, 1898, Commodore Dewey crushes Spanish fleet & takes P & G </li></ul><ul><li>Santiago, Cuba  June-July, 1898 Rough </li></ul><ul><li>Riders (TR) take “San Juan Hill” </li></ul>
  26. 35. The Splendid Little War <ul><li>4 months long </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. deaths = 5,400 but only 379 from combat </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Paris 1898 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cuba indep. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US gets Guam, Philippines, & PR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US pays $20 m. to Spain </li></ul></ul>
  27. 36. Filipino Insurrection 1899-1902 <ul><li>Filipino allies now want U.S. out </li></ul><ul><li>Emilio Aguinaldo leads guerrilla war </li></ul>
  28. 37. Emilio Aguinaldo
  29. 38. Filipino Insurrection 1899-1901 <ul><li>Filipino allies now want U.S. out </li></ul><ul><li>Emilio Aguinaldo leads guerrilla war </li></ul><ul><li>Filipino deaths = 20,000/200,000+ </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. deaths = 5,000+/- </li></ul>
  30. 39. Open Door Policy 1899 (fails)
  31. 40. Platt Amendment 1903 <ul><li>Cuban couldn’t make treaties w/out US approval </li></ul><ul><li>US has “right to intervene” </li></ul><ul><li>Naval base at Guantanamo Bay </li></ul>
  32. 41. Creating Panama (& then the canal)
  33. 42. Colombia/Panama
  34. 43. Panama Canal <ul><li>1881-1888 </li></ul><ul><li>1904-1914 </li></ul><ul><li>5600+ U.S. deaths </li></ul>
  35. 44. Monroe Doctrine @ Work: U.S. Intervention in Latin America

×