Immigration and urbanization ppt

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Immigration and urbanization ppt

  1. 1. Immigration and CitiesItalian immigrants in 1905
  2. 2. Immigration• “Old” Immigrants• “New” Immigrants• Reasons for Immigration – Push – Pull• Process of Immigration Immigrants disembark at Ellis Island, New York in 1911.
  3. 3. Immigration• “Old” Immigrants• “New” Immigrants• Reasons for Immigration – Push – Pull• Process of Immigration Immigrants disembark at Ellis Island, New York in 1911.
  4. 4. Urban Growth• Growth of Cities – US Population • 23 Million (1860) • 92 Million (1910)• Internal Migration• Lure of CitiesNew York, 1905
  5. 5. City Pop. Increases 1860 1910• New York 1,174,800 4,766,900 305%• Chicago 109,200 2,185,300 1900%• Philadelphia 562,500 1,549,000 300%• St. Louis 160,800 687,000• Boston 177,800 670,600• Cleveland 43,400 560,600 1190%• Baltimore 212,400 558,500• Pittsburgh 77,900 533,900• Detroit 45,600 465,700• Buffalo 81,100 423,700
  6. 6. Reactions and Responses• Desire to Assimilate• Nativism• Immigration Restriction League• American Protective Association
  7. 7. Life in the Cities
  8. 8. ®
  9. 9. Statue of Liberty, 1876(Frederic Auguste Bartholdi)
  10. 10. John A. Roebling:The Brooklyn Bridge, 1883
  11. 11. Dumbell Tenement
  12. 12. Tenement Slum Living
  13. 13. Immigrant Families @ work
  14. 14. Mulberry Street – “Little Italy”
  15. 15. Moving out of the tenements                                                                   
  16. 16. William “Boss” Tweed • Filling the void
  17. 17. Controlling the Tammany HallDemocratic Political Machine
  18. 18. The New Urban Working Class • Transportation • Pollution • HousingMulberry Street in New York City about 1900.
  19. 19. Dumbell Tenement
  20. 20. Jacob Riis photograph of “Street Arabs”, children who roamed the tenement district of New York City.
  21. 21. Beginnings of Reform• Settlement houses• Social Gospel born• Temperance• Compulsory education laws• Colleges (remember Morrill?)
  22. 22. Mass entertainment • Why now? • Spectator Sports • Vaudeville Shows • Movies • Amusement Parks
  23. 23. Forbes Field, Pittsburgh, c. 1907
  24. 24. Café and Vaudeville Stage - Coney Island, 1905
  25. 25. Coney Island, 1903
  26. 26. Education• Why rise in amount of education? – Needs of industry – Rise of mandatory education law• Women• African Americans
  27. 27. The End
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