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Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
Great Depression and the New Deal
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Great Depression and the New Deal

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  • Page 819 (bottom): Russell Lee’s 1939 photograph of a migrant family saying grace before eating by the side of the road near Fort Gibson, Oklahoma, shows how, even in the most difficult circumstances, families struggled to maintain elements of their normal lives. Credit: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, FSA/OWI Collection, LC-USF33-012275-M5.
  • Page 814: A “run” on a bank: crowds of people wait outside a New York City bank, hoping to withdraw their money. Credit: Bettmann/Corbis.
  • Page 816: The Spirit of the New Deal, a cartoon in the Washington Star, 1933, depicts the federal government, through the National Recovery Administration, promoting peace between workers and employers. Credit: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division,LC-USZ62-9624.
  • Page 839: A map of Charlotte, North Carolina, prepared by the Home Owners’ Loan Corporation, illustrates how federal agencies engaged in “redlining” of neighborhoods containing blue-collar and black residents. Wealthy areas, coded green, were given the best credit ratings, white-collar districts, in blue, the second best. Residents of red districts found it almost impossible to obtain government housing loans. Credit: National Archives and Records Administration, HOLC “Residential Security Map,” 1937.
  • Page 824: Sit-down strike at a General Motors factory in Flint, Michigan, 1937. Credit: Bettmann/Corbis.
  • Page 829: A 1935 poster promoting the new Social Security system. Credit: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, LC-USZC4-4890.
  • Page 821: The Illegal Act, a cartoon critical of the Supreme Court’s decision declaring the NRA unconstitutional. President Roosevelt tells a drowning Uncle Sam, “I’m sorry, but the Supreme Court says I must chuck you back in.” Credit: Warder Collection.
  • Page 834: First lady Eleanor Roosevelt after visiting an Ohio coal mine. She was the first wife of a president to become a major public figure in her own right. Credit: Associated Press, AP.
  • Page 831: Old Reliable!, a 1938 cartoon by Clifford Berryman criticizing President Roosevelt for his New Deal policies. Credit: The Granger Collection, New York.
  • Page 840: A card issued by the Communist Party during the 1936 campaign illustrates the party’s attempt at “Americanization” (note the images of the American Revolution and Abraham Lincoln), as well as its emphasis on interracialism. James Ford, an African-American, was the party’s vice-presidential candidate. Credit: Private Collection.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Great Depression & FDR’s New Deal
    • 2. Roosevelt swamps Hoover in 1932 <ul><li>Hoover’s responses = too little, too late </li></ul><ul><ul><li>indirect aid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reconstruction Finance Corp.  gov’t. loans to business to get them producing again </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Farm Loan Board </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hawley-Smoot Tariff </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Charities, volunteerism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reality = more than any other President had </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> ever done to influence the economy </li></ul></ul>
    • 3. GNP per person
    • 4. &nbsp;
    • 5. &nbsp;
    • 6. Click here to hear FDR’s Inaugural Address <ul><li>http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/fdrfirstinaugural.html </li></ul>
    • 7. Interpreting the New Deal <ul><li>1) radical departure </li></ul><ul><li>- gov’t. relief directly to individuals (safety net </li></ul><ul><li>created) </li></ul><ul><li>- massive gov’t. regulation of business </li></ul><ul><li>- gov’t. ownership of bus./ building projects </li></ul><ul><li>2) Traditional </li></ul><ul><li>- no change in pol. system </li></ul><ul><li>- still a belief in capitalism </li></ul><ul><li>- non-radical, peaceful (only scattered protests) </li></ul><ul><li>- no one group singled out &amp; blamed </li></ul>
    • 8. 3 R’s of the New Deal <ul><li>Relief </li></ul><ul><li>Recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Reform </li></ul><ul><li>Brain trust </li></ul>
    • 9. &nbsp;
    • 10. fig21_08.jpg
    • 11. The First New Deal <ul><li>Banking </li></ul><ul><li>Relief/Government Jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Reform business </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture/farming </li></ul><ul><li>Stock Market </li></ul>
    • 12. fig21_03.jpg
    • 13. Banking <ul><li>Emergency Banking Act (“Bank Holiday”) </li></ul><ul><li>Glass-Steagall Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li> FDIC – Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. </li></ul></ul>
    • 14. FDR’s main goal was to attack unemployment to “prime the pump” and get people spending money again
    • 15. The First New Deal <ul><li>Banking </li></ul><ul><li>Relief/Government Jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Reform business </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture/farming </li></ul><ul><li>Stock Market </li></ul>
    • 16. Relief/Jobs <ul><li>FERA – Federal Emergency Relief Admin. </li></ul><ul><li>CCC – Civilian Conservation Corps </li></ul><ul><li>TVA – Tennessee Valley Authority </li></ul>
    • 17. Civilian Conservation Corp workers
    • 18. Tennessee Valley Authority area
    • 19. The First New Deal <ul><li>Banking </li></ul><ul><li>Relief/Government Jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Reform business </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture/farming </li></ul><ul><li>Stock Market </li></ul>
    • 20. The NRA’s Blue Eagle <ul><li>Shop owners placed this in store windows to show they were trying to be “part of the team” and not destroy their competitors </li></ul>
    • 21. NRA in action
    • 22. fig21_04.jpg
    • 23. The First New Deal <ul><li>Banking </li></ul><ul><li>Relief/Government Jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Reform business </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture/farming </li></ul><ul><li>Stock Market </li></ul>
    • 24. Figure 21.1 • pg. 820
    • 25. Housing <ul><li>HOLC – Home Owners Loan Corp. </li></ul><ul><li>FHA – Federal Housing Administration </li></ul>
    • 26. fig21_19.jpg
    • 27. The First New Deal <ul><li>Banking </li></ul><ul><li>Relief/Government Jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Reform business </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture/farming </li></ul><ul><li>Stock Market </li></ul>
    • 28. Dust Bowl – drought, over-farming leave soil ripe for blowing away
    • 29. Oklahomans flee Dust Bowl
    • 30. &nbsp;
    • 31. &nbsp;
    • 32. &nbsp;
    • 33. Agriculture/farming <ul><li>AAA – Agriculture Adjustment Act </li></ul><ul><li>TVA – Tennessee Valley Authority </li></ul>
    • 34. The First New Deal <ul><li>Banking </li></ul><ul><li>Relief/Government Jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Reform business </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture/farming </li></ul><ul><li>Stock Market </li></ul>
    • 35. <ul><li>Wall Street after Black Tuesday, October 29, 1929 </li></ul>
    • 36. Stock Market <ul><li>SEC – Security and Exchange Administration </li></ul>
    • 37. Second New Deal 1935-38 <ul><li>Wagner Act/NLRB &amp; Fair Labor Standards </li></ul><ul><li>REA </li></ul><ul><li>Works Progress Administration = Job, jobs, jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Revenue Act (wealth tax) </li></ul><ul><li>Social Security Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unemployment comp. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AFDC (Welfare) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Security </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 nd AAA </li></ul>
    • 38. fig21_11.jpg
    • 39. Second New Deal 1935-38 <ul><li>Wagner Act/NLRB &amp; Fair Labor Standards </li></ul><ul><li>REA </li></ul><ul><li>Works Progress Administration = Job, jobs, jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Revenue Act (wealth tax) </li></ul><ul><li>Social Security Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unemployment comp. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AFDC (Welfare) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Security </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 nd AAA </li></ul>
    • 40. REA – Rural Electrification Admin.
    • 41. Second New Deal 1935-38 <ul><li>Wagner Act/NLRB &amp; Fair Labor Standards </li></ul><ul><li>REA </li></ul><ul><li>Works Progress Administration = Job, jobs, jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Revenue Act (wealth tax) </li></ul><ul><li>Social Security Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unemployment comp. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AFDC (Welfare) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Security </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 nd AAA </li></ul>
    • 42. &nbsp;
    • 43. &nbsp;
    • 44. Second New Deal 1935-38 <ul><li>Wagner Act/NLRB &amp; Fair Labor Standards </li></ul><ul><li>REA </li></ul><ul><li>Works Progress Administration = Job, jobs, jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Revenue Act (Wealth tax) </li></ul><ul><li>- up to 75% income tax </li></ul><ul><li>Social Security Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unemployment comp. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AFDC (Welfare) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Security </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 nd AAA </li></ul>
    • 45. Second New Deal 1935-38 <ul><li>Wagner Act/NLRB &amp; Fair Labor Standards </li></ul><ul><li>REA </li></ul><ul><li>Works Progress Administration = Job, jobs, jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Revenue Act (wealth tax) </li></ul><ul><li>Social Security Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unemployment comp. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AFDC (Welfare) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Security </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 nd AAA </li></ul>
    • 46. Social Security
    • 47. Supreme Court and the New Deal <ul><ul><li>In 1935, Supreme Court declared New Deal laws unconstitutional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NRA - Schechter v. U.S </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Codes were unconstitutional </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>AAA - U.S. v. Butler </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture was state, not fed. matter </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    • 48. fig21_09.jpg
    • 49. Court Packing
    • 50. <ul><li>Critics skewer FDR’s Court Packing Plan </li></ul>
    • 51. The Limits of Change <ul><li>Women </li></ul><ul><li>New Deal for Blacks?? </li></ul><ul><li>Native Americans </li></ul>
    • 52. fig21_17.jpg
    • 53. Critics and Opposition <ul><ul><ul><li>Huey Long and Share Our Wealth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Father Coughlin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dr. Francis Townsend </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CIO </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 54. Huey Long <ul><li>The “Kingfish” wants to </li></ul><ul><li>Share Our Wealth </li></ul>
    • 55. Father Coughlin <ul><li>Attacks from the right </li></ul>
    • 56. Dr. Francis Townsend
    • 57. fig21_15.jpg
    • 58. fig21_21.jpg
    • 59. &nbsp;

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