Foreign Policy 1790s

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Foreign Policy 1790s

  1. 1. Foreign Policy in the 1790s How did the early national period establish precedents regarding American policy and politics?
  2. 2. Citizen Genet 1793 Charleston <ul><li>Cause - French want U.S. support (per </li></ul><ul><li>1778 Treaty) </li></ul><ul><li>Effect - tries to whip up support </li></ul><ul><li>paid for ships </li></ul><ul><li>allowed to stay </li></ul><ul><li> support for Wash. & neutrality </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Freedom of the Seas </li></ul><ul><li>C - seizures of ships, men, goods (contraband) </li></ul><ul><li>E - embargo against Brit. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Jay’s Treaty 1795 <ul><li>C - seizures cont. </li></ul><ul><li>out of N’west Territory </li></ul><ul><li>$$ for seized slaves </li></ul><ul><li>E - pay for ships </li></ul><ul><li>out of N’west Territory </li></ul><ul><li>impressment cont. </li></ul><ul><li>French fear alliance </li></ul><ul><li>commission to handle pre-war debts & compensate U.S. for seizures </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pinckney’s Treaty <ul><li>C – access to N.O. needed </li></ul><ul><li>border dispute </li></ul><ul><li>raids along S. border </li></ul><ul><li>E – access to N.O. </li></ul><ul><li>Spain gives up land (AL/FL) </li></ul><ul><li>Spain promises no raids aid </li></ul>
  6. 6. Treaty of Greenville 1795 <ul><li>C - settlers go west </li></ul><ul><li>Indian defeat at Fallen Timbers </li></ul><ul><li>E - N’west territory “surrendered” for cash </li></ul><ul><li>Indians “sovereign”? </li></ul>
  7. 7. XYZ Affair 1798 <ul><li>C - Jay’s ~ fear Brit. U.S. alliance </li></ul><ul><li>French seizures </li></ul><ul><li>commissioners snubbed </li></ul><ul><li>E - Navy org. </li></ul><ul><li>Half War </li></ul><ul><li>“A million for defense, not a cent for tribute!” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Half War 1799 <ul><li>C - XYZ </li></ul><ul><li>E - Rev. war treaties over </li></ul><ul><li>no payment for ships </li></ul><ul><li>Convention of 1800 </li></ul>

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