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Inuit high school

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Inuit Carving for High School project

Inuit Carving for High School project


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  • Region - Arctic circle,Indigenous, First Peoples of Canada, Alaska, Greenland. Inhabited Siberia and traveled southeast via Bering strait into Alaska, Greenland and Canada. Inhabited these areas for thousands of years. Inuit – means “The People”, Eskimo means “raw flesh eater”. We no longer use the term “Eskimo” climate and food sources, no vegetation for food, most of the year, all animal, all hunting Dependence on animals – meat is main food, fur for housing and clothing, Parkas, kamiks (boots), sinew (tendon) for sewing, bones for games, sculpture (charms), weapons Culture –The Inuit were skilled hunters, and caught food year-round, even during the harsh winters. Sea Mammals hunted during the winter when they were out on the ice. Some sea mammals, like whales, were hunted in the open water (kayaks).Seals – skin, meat, walruses – ivory, meat for dogs, beluga whales – skin, muktuk (outer skin and blubber), narwhals – ivory and meat for dogs. Blubber, sea mammal oil used for fuel for light and heatLand Animals- caribou, musk oxen, arctic fox, polar bear, arctic hare, arctic birdsMost meat eaten raw, hence the name “Eskimo”  Seasons- in the far north, in the summer the sun did not set for weeks, and in the winter, it did not rise, sometimes for months. Complete darkness for months, extreme cold, in an igloo with your family. Stories, rituals, games were a necessary part of their culture, for survival. Religion – Shamanism, man has a body, a name, and a soul. Shamans performed rituals to appease the spirits. Hunting rituals to appease the spirits of the animal and bring them to be sacrificed by a worthy hunter.  Children were given names of dead relatives because only the body dies, the spirit will inhabit another body by name. Slide 3 Origins of art – Carving began as spiritual exercise. They carved charms used in ritual, to ward off evil and bring favor. If the spirit was not happy with you, it would come back as a demon. Over time, carving grew into a trade and good source of income. In the early 1900s, settlements began to form and larger carving developed. In the 1960s, co-ops were set up in many Inuit villages to encourage art production. Printmaking became popular among the Inuit.
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  • Transcript

    • 1. Inuit Carving
    • 2. NunavutInuit means “The People”
    • 3. Origins of Inuit Carving Carving began as a Shamanistic practice, and grew into a major source of income for the Inuit people.
    • 4. Bone Carving Abraham Anghik Ruben
    • 5. Dancing Nanuk Stone Carving
    • 6. • Think about your own story, family legends, and survival skills • Find or Create an image that is meaningful to you • Sketch at least three thumbnails to work out your idea
    • 7. What is the Inuit aesthetic? Carvings in the round
    • 8. Modern Carving Drum Dancing
    • 9. Draw all sides of the image onto block Carve foam with fettling knife Coat with water putty, let dry and repeat.
    • 10. Legend of Qalupalik
    • 11. Billy Merkosak amauti
    • 12. Faux Finishing
    • 13. Faux Finishing Painting a surface so that it looks like another material. Faux bois = fake wood grain Faux Stone Faux Leather Faux finishing typically uses layers of glazes. Glaze is a medium that thins the paint and keeps it wet so that it can be manipulated. Find an image of the type of material you want on your sculpture. Experiment on paper to create it.
    • 14. Serpentine ivory musk ox horn bone
    • 15. Printmaking
    • 16. Printmaking
    • 17. Legend of the Raven