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Executive branch
 

Executive branch

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By Scott Devore Michele Mitchel and Florenza Phung

By Scott Devore Michele Mitchel and Florenza Phung

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    Executive branch Executive branch Presentation Transcript

    • Executive Branch
    • White House Staff 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Absolute loyalty to President Works with the President Appointee to the President
    • Presidential Succession 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Constitution says very little about the issue The powers and duties of the office devolve on Vice President Vice President takes position
    • Vice President 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Helps decide the question of presidential disability Presides over Senate In the past, this position was given to the runner up of the presidential election
    • Wars Powers Act 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Passed in 1973 Restricts Presidents use of combat troops Authorizes Congress to order troops home
    • Cabinet 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Product of “Tradition and Hope” Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson were 2 of its strongest members The heads of the 14 major executive departments
    • Line Item Veto 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Was created after 1996 Can approve of some provisions of a bill and disapprove of others A presidential power
    • Trustee Approach 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Do what the public good requires even if voters are skeptical The first view of the public Used before polls
    • Delegate Model 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Do what constituents want you to do 2 nd view of the public Used before polls
    • 22 nd Amendment 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Ratified in 1951 Created after Franklin Roosevelt’s Presidency 2 term limit for Presidents
    • Executive Privilege 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Resist Interventions of Legislative and Judicial branches United States v. Nixon Power claimed by President and members of Executive Branch
    • Impeachment 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue House has the power to accuse it but it is senate that can carry out accusation A 2/3 vote is required by the Senate to carry out conviction Only presidents accused were Johnson and Clinton
    • Pocket Veto 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Congress has the power to override it If the president doesn’t sign the bill within 10 days of receiving it and congress is adjourned within that time, the bill doesn’t become a law One of the 2 ways for a president to disapprove a bill sent to him by congress
    • Executive Departments 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Oldest primary units of executive branch They are members of traditional Cabinet Example: Department of Treasury
    • Presidential Qualifications 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Example: Can be born abroad of parents who are American citizens 3 main qualifications needed to get elected into office Qualifications needed in order to obtain presidency
    • Jacksonian Democracy 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Beginnings of modern Democratic party Broadened peoples participation in government Political philosophy of Andrew Jackson and his supporters
    • Presidential Powers 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Reprieves or Pardons Vetoing a bill Orders that a president is allowed to give
    • Amnesty 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Used by Ford and Carter for Vietnam War Draft Power of the President General pardon offered to a group of citizens
    • Executive Orders 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Oversees how Federal Law is carried out Presidential power Rules or regulations that have effect of law
    • Impoundment 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Erupted during presidency of Nixon Stops funds from being spent that congress appropriated Not in constitution
    • Gridlock 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Disputes between different parties Vice President can break the tie When neither party can agree on an issue, law or bill
    • Kitchen Cabinet 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Followed the purge of the cabinet at the end of the Eaton Affair and the split with Vice President John C. Calhoun Term coined by the political opponents of Andrew Jackson’s Presidency Describes a collection of unofficial advisors Jackson consulted in parallel to the U.S. Cabinet
    • Article 2 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Official document that states the powers of the executive Describes the election of the president, requirements to the presidency, pay of the President and impeachment Written mostly by James Madison
    • Trial Balloon 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Announces possible policies or appointments A way of testing the publics reaction Information provided to the media by an anonymous official
    • National Security Council 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Established by the National Security Act of 1947 Chaired by the President Council includes the VP, Secretaries of State and Defense, Director of the C.I.A., and the chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
    • Chief Executive 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Given the Power to issue executive orders In this role, the President presides over the Federal Bureaucracy Term used to describe the President
    • Runoff Primary 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Type of election common in the South Occurs if no candidate gets a majority of the votes in an election Takes place between the two candidates with the most votes
    • Richard Nixon 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Elected in 1946 as a Republican to the House of Representatives and in 1950 was elected to the U.S. Senate Watergate Scandal 36 th president
    • Ronald Regan 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue President who emphasized lower taxes, less domestic spending, a military build up, and a tough line with the Soviet Union President for 2 terms Known for his supply-side economic policies
    • Bill Clinton 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue He presided over the longest period of peace-time economic expansion in American History, which included a balanced budget and a federal surplus Served 2 terms Monica Lewinsky Scandal
    • Veto Message 3 point clue 2 point clue 1 point clue Statement that the president sends to Congress accompanying the bill within 10 days after the bill has been passed The presidents decision to sign or not sign the bill Power of the president