Digital + Open: This Changes Everything Scott DennisWA State Board for Community & Technical Colleges July, 2012 Unless otherwise specified, this presentation is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Unported 3.0 License.
The Washington System Governor Appointed 4-year Board PrivateColleges & CollegesUniversities SBCTC 29 Community & 5 Technical Colleges
CC BY-NC-ND Dreaming Girls Head By: Elfleda http://www.flickr.com/photos/carolinespics/1531
The DreamThat everyone have access to high quality,affordable, accessible learning opportunities.It will require we share the educational resourceswe produce and that we spend our limited publicresources wisely.
The Need“Nearly one-third of the world’spopulation (29.3%) is under15. Today there are 158 millionpeople enrolled in tertiaryeducation1. Projectionssuggest that that participationwill peak at 263 million2 in2025. Accommodating theadditional 105 million studentswould require more than fourmajor universities (30,000students) to open every weekfor the next fifteen years. By: COL1 ISCED levels 5 & 6 UNESCO Institute of Statistics figures http://www.col.org/SiteCollectio2 British Council and IDP Australia projections s/JohnDaniel_2008_3x5.jpg
The Iron TriangleQuality vs. Cost vs. Access AccessQuality Cost
How do we maximize the potential of digital contentand networked technologies?
Digital Content + Internet Delivery = Lower Cost Greater Access Greater Quality Right?
Education Is Sharing
Teachers ShareWith Students knowledge and skills feedback and criticism encouragement
Students ShareWith Teachers questions assignments tests
If There Is No Sharing there is no education
Successful Educatorsshare most completelywith the most students
Knowledge is Magicalcan be given without being given away
Physical Expressions Are Notto give a book you must give it away
Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
When Expressions Are Digital they also become magical
An Indescribable Advancethe first time in human history
Both Knowledgeand Expressionscan be given without giving away
Unprecedented Capacitywe can share as never before
Unprecedented Capacitywe can educate as never before
What Does “Share” Mean?online it means copy and distribute
Cost of “Copy”For one 250 page book:• Copy by hand - $1,000• Copy by print on demand - $4.50• Copy by computer - $0.00084
Cost of “Distribute” For one 250 page book: • Distribute by mail - $5.20 • Distribute by internet - $0.00072
Copy and Distribute are “Free” this changes everything
What is Creative Commons?A simple, standardized way to grant copyright permissions to your creative work.
Step 1: Choose License Conditions http://creativecommons.org/choose Attribution Share Alike Non-Commercial No Derivative Works 34
Step 2: Receive License 35
Digital + Opendiagnostic, adaptive, interactive free, full local control (4Rs) • reuse • revise • remix • redistribute
Digital + Open
Digital Content + Internet Delivery+ Open License = Lower Cost Greater Access Greater Quality
400 million openresources so far
uses a Creative Commons License (CC BY-NC-SA)
Open as a continuum• Sharing, access, materials, practiceIndividual Standalone Course Materials “Courses” Courses + Images Modules Open Textbooks Certification Flickr MIT OCW Open Course Library MITx OpenLearn Saylor.org Udacity / Coursera TED-Ed
OCL Logo Credits: Timothy Valentine & Leo Reynolds CC-BY-NC-SA Content Snippets Moving Forward Courses
What’s in it for me?
Building Reputation Through Digital, Open Sharing Brett Shelton Assistant Professor Instructional Technology & Learning Sciences Utah State University Research Interest: Instructional Games
USU OCW - Instructional Games
Digital, Open Sharing Discoverability New OpportunitiesHow do you end up on the first page of a Google search in your field?What kinds of professional opportunities could that yield?
http://techplan.sbctc.edu“We will cultivate the culture andpractice of using and contributing toopen educational resources.”
State Board “Open” PolicyAll digital software, educationalresources and knowledge producedthrough competitive grants, offeredthrough and/or managed by theSBCTC, will carry a Creative CommonsAttribution License (CC BY).
Open Course Library A collection of openly licensed (CC BY) educational materials for 81 high-enrollment college courses Project Goals: 1. Lower textbook costs for students 2. Improve course completion rates 3. Provide new resources for faculty Credit: Timothy Valentine & Leo Reynolds CC-BY-NC- SA Please visit: http://opencourselibrary.org
Affordability SBCTC Example: English Composition I 50,000+ enrollments / year x $125 textbook = $6.25 Million every year
Open Course Library The first 42 courses were released October 31, 2011 Over 35,000 visits from 125 countries to http://opencourselibrary.org Over 80 media mentions worldwide
Open Course Library Initial Impact In the first year, students will save $1.1 million in textbook costs That’s more than we spent to develop the courses… in year 1.
Open Course LibrarySaylor.org ReusesOpen CourseLibrary Materials
Open Course Library Saylor iTunes U
OCL in iTunes U
NEW HE Models are En Route
Tacoma CC Open Ed Initiative
Physical Expression are good tooAt one medium sized Washington college in the 2010-11 year students saved:• "Math in a Sustainable Society" Pete Kaslik - $7920 savings/year• "Math in Society" David Lippman - $17K savings/year• "Mathematics for Teachers of Young Children" Sharon Camner $2520 savings/year• "Precalculus: an investigation of functions" David Lippman and Melonie Rasmussen - $28K-$99K savings/year
Conclusion1. Digital + Open: Implement policies and solutions to encourage content that is both digital AND open (meaning free, shareable, adaptable, and editable)2. Lifelong Learning: Allow course content to be persistent and discoverable with tools such as openly shared courses in Canvas (so students can preview lessons before they are officially enrolled and review them after).
Questions?Scott DennisEmail: firstname.lastname@example.orgTwitter: @scottwdennisSlides available at: http://www.slideshare.net/scottwdennis Unless otherwise specified, this presentation by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Unported 3.0 License.