institute for educational cybernetics




                                 Presence

                           Scott Wils...
institute for educational cybernetics



               scott is…
      Wondering if he’s going to explain this OK
institute for educational cybernetics



                      What is presence?
      •   Exposure of personal states to ...
institute for educational cybernetics



           Presense: Killer Internet App
      • Began with the use of away messa...
institute for educational cybernetics



                 How is presence used?
      • Managing attention and interruptio...
institute for educational cybernetics



                    Presence Semantics
      •   Network Availability
      •   C...
institute for educational cybernetics



                   Presence Awareness
      • Interruptions
      • Ambient aware...
institute for educational cybernetics



                              Presentities
institute for educational cybernetics



       Producing presence information
      1. Passive cues
           –    Netwo...
institute for educational cybernetics



       Producing presence information
      2. Explicit cues
           – Status ...
institute for educational cybernetics



            Mapping cues to semantics
institute for educational cybernetics


                   Consuming presence
                       information
      •  ...
institute for educational cybernetics



                     Ambient technology
institute for educational cybernetics



           Communication technologies
institute for educational cybernetics



                          Social networks
institute for educational cybernetics



                               Microblogs
institute for educational cybernetics



          Consuming presence: patterns
      •   Status icons
      •   Graphical...
institute for educational cybernetics



                    Ontology of presence
institute for educational cybernetics



            Patterns in existing systems
institute for educational cybernetics
System            Subsystem            Purposes                                 Mean...
institute for educational cybernetics



                     Try it yourself now…
      • Identify a piece of technology ...
institute for educational cybernetics




        Thanks for listening - over to you

          http://www.cetis.ac.uk/mem...
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Presence @ Winterschool 2008

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Presence @ Winterschool 2008

  1. 1. institute for educational cybernetics Presence Scott Wilson institute for educational cybernetics university of bolton
  2. 2. institute for educational cybernetics scott is… Wondering if he’s going to explain this OK
  3. 3. institute for educational cybernetics What is presence? • Exposure of personal states to others • Awareness of the states of others • Ambient or peripheral communication • Broadcast rather than point-to-point
  4. 4. institute for educational cybernetics Presense: Killer Internet App • Began with the use of away messages in early messaging systems • Got a Buddy Icon in AOL • Split into status and mood messages in Skype • Transformed into status messages in Facebook • Segued into micro-blogging with Twitter
  5. 5. institute for educational cybernetics How is presence used? • Managing attention and interruption • Facilitating casual interactions • Provide a sense of activity in an interaction space • Facilitate group self-awareness • Self-expression
  6. 6. institute for educational cybernetics Presence Semantics • Network Availability • Communication Availability • Emotional context • Activity context • Location • Needs and desires • Identity projection
  7. 7. institute for educational cybernetics Presence Awareness • Interruptions • Ambient awareness • Situated awareness
  8. 8. institute for educational cybernetics Presentities
  9. 9. institute for educational cybernetics Producing presence information 1. Passive cues – Network listeners – System capability listeners – Application task listeners – Workflow listeners – Physical sensors – Psychophysiological interfaces
  10. 10. institute for educational cybernetics Producing presence information 2. Explicit cues – Status selections: • Away messages – Free expression: • Mood messages • Microblogging
  11. 11. institute for educational cybernetics Mapping cues to semantics
  12. 12. institute for educational cybernetics Consuming presence information • Ambient awareness technologies • Communication technologies • Social networks • Microblogs
  13. 13. institute for educational cybernetics Ambient technology
  14. 14. institute for educational cybernetics Communication technologies
  15. 15. institute for educational cybernetics Social networks
  16. 16. institute for educational cybernetics Microblogs
  17. 17. institute for educational cybernetics Consuming presence: patterns • Status icons • Graphical avatars • Subtitles • Feeds • Abstract representations • Composite representations
  18. 18. institute for educational cybernetics Ontology of presence
  19. 19. institute for educational cybernetics Patterns in existing systems
  20. 20. institute for educational cybernetics System Subsystem Purposes Means of Presence Information Means of production consumption Skype Mood Message Facilitate Casual Interactions Explicit cues Emotional context Subtitle Supporting Self Expression Status Message Manage attention and interruption Network listener Network availability Status icon Explicit cues Communication availability Video availability Facilitate Casual Interactions System Capability Communication availability Status icon Listener IChat Status Message Manage attention and interruption Network listener Network availability Status icon Facilitate casual interactions Explicit cues Communication availability Graphical avatar Emotional context Subtitle Video availability Facilitate Casual Interactions System Capability Communication availability Status icon Listener Audio availability Facilitate Casual Interactions System Capability Communication availability Status icon Listener Facebook Status Message Facilitate casual interactions Explicit cues Activity context Subtitle Supporting self-expression Emotional context Feed Supporting group self-awareness Twitter Supporting Self-expression Explicit cues Activity context Feed Emotional context Nimio Sense of activity in interaction space Physical Sensors – Activity Context Composite sound, movement Networked Supporting self-expression Explicit cues Emotional context Status Icon Emoticon Device Jaiku Supporting Self-expression Explicit cues Activity context Feed Facilitate casual interactions Physical sensor Emotional context (mobile GPS) Location Moodle Online Users Facilitate casual interactions Network Listener Network Availability Graphical Avatar Nabaztag Facilitate casual interactions Explicit cues Activity context Abstract (waggling the ears) Emotional context Communication availability Dabbish & Manage attention and interruption Application Activity context (workload) Abstract Kraut’s Listener experiment
  21. 21. institute for educational cybernetics Try it yourself now… • Identify a piece of technology you are working with or developing • What role, if any, does presence play? What is its purpose? • What kind of presence information does it use? • How is it produced? • How is it consumed?
  22. 22. institute for educational cybernetics Thanks for listening - over to you http://www.cetis.ac.uk/members/scott
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