MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
Digital R...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
Goals of ...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
Project M...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
K-12 Teac...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
K-12 Teac...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
K-12 Teac...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
K-12 Teac...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
K-12 Teac...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
K-12 Teac...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
K-12 Teac...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
K-12 Teac...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
K-12 Teac...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
K-12 Teac...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
K-12 Teac...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
K-12 Teac...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
K-12 Teac...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
K-12 Curr...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
K-12 Curr...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
K-12 Curr...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
State of ...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
State of ...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
MDL and K...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
MDL and K...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
MDL and K...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
MDL and K...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
MDL and K...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
MDL and K...
MDL Annual
Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre
©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety
Kris Wett...
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Making History: The MDL and the K-12 Teaching and Learning Community

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Making History: The MDL and the K-12 Teaching and Learning Community

  1. 1. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety Digital Resources and the K-12 Community Kris Wetterlund and Scott SayreKris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre Sandbox StudiosSandbox Studios
  2. 2. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety Goals of the Research ProjectGoals of the Research Project 1. To inform MDLC members of the current state of K–12 social studies teaching in Minnesota. 2. To identify current practices and trends in Minnesota’s K– 12 social studies teaching that might guide the MDLC’s future cataloging and interface development. 3. To inform future development of the Minnesota Digital Library in communications with Minnesota’s teaching community and in teacher training opportunities and planning. 4. To uncover the potential value of the Minnesota Digital Library for K–12 teachers in Minnesota.
  3. 3. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety Project MethodologyProject Methodology • Online Teacher SurveyOnline Teacher Survey • Focus GroupsFocus Groups – 4 focus groups conducted throughout state4 focus groups conducted throughout state - Minneapolis, Bemidji, Moorhead and Rochester- Minneapolis, Bemidji, Moorhead and Rochester • Curriculum ReviewCurriculum Review
  4. 4. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety K-12 Teacher SurveyK-12 Teacher Survey Demographics:Demographics: • 70 Teachers responded70 Teachers responded – 21% teach elementary21% teach elementary – 44% teach middle school44% teach middle school – 35% teach high school35% teach high school • 50% teach in 7 county metro50% teach in 7 county metro and 50% greater MNand 50% greater MN
  5. 5. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety K-12 Teacher SurveyK-12 Teacher Survey Use of the InternetUse of the Internet • 43% of respondents said they used the Internet43% of respondents said they used the Internet or other digital resources once a day or more foror other digital resources once a day or more for their own research and/or preparation.their own research and/or preparation.
  6. 6. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety K-12 Teacher SurveyK-12 Teacher Survey Use of the InternetUse of the Internet Obstacles to Using Digital Resources in Teaching 50% 48% 22% 9% 13% 27% 32% 33% 13% 17% 35% 38% 25% 8% 11% 21% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Lack of Time Availability of hardware, software or support Lack of content Lack of training 1st Most Common Obstacle 2nd Most Common 3rd Most Common 4th Most Common Obstacle
  7. 7. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety K-12 Teacher SurveyK-12 Teacher Survey Using Images for TeachingUsing Images for Teaching Image Resources Used in Teaching 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Books Overhead trans. Videos, DVD PowerPoint , etc. Posters CD ROM or DVDs Prints or postcards Slides Often use Occasionally use Rarely use Never use
  8. 8. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety K-12 Teacher SurveyK-12 Teacher Survey Image Technology UsageImage Technology Usage Image Technology Usage 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Color Copier LCD/Data Projector Digital Camera CD or DVD Burner DVD player & Monitor Color Printer VCR & Monitor Overhead Projector Every day Few times a week Once a week Rarely Never
  9. 9. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety K-12 Teacher SurveyK-12 Teacher Survey Use of Primary Source MaterialsUse of Primary Source Materials Most Useful Primary Source Materials 62% 62% 64% 64% 67% 67% 73% 78% 80% 82% 85% 89% 95% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Postcards Audio Recordings Books Works of art Posters 3D Artifacts Letters Documents Video/Film Diaries Maps Newspapers Photographs Teacher Preference
  10. 10. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety K-12 Teacher SurveyK-12 Teacher Survey Teaching Minnesota HistoryTeaching Minnesota History • 35% of the survey respondents currently teach35% of the survey respondents currently teach Minnesota HistoryMinnesota History Note: Minnesota social studies standards wereNote: Minnesota social studies standards were revised in 2004 and now include a separaterevised in 2004 and now include a separate strand for Minnesota History grades 4-8.strand for Minnesota History grades 4-8. The new standards must be fully implemented byThe new standards must be fully implemented by the 2006-2007 school year.the 2006-2007 school year.
  11. 11. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety K-12 Teacher SurveyK-12 Teacher Survey Top 5 History Topics taught in Grades 4 – 8Top 5 History Topics taught in Grades 4 – 8 1.1. Immigration in Minnesota (29)Immigration in Minnesota (29) 2.2. Towns and Cities in Minnesota (26)Towns and Cities in Minnesota (26) 3.3. Minnesota Fur Trade (24)Minnesota Fur Trade (24) 4.4. Louisiana Purchase (24)Louisiana Purchase (24) 5.5. Minnesota Landmarks (23)Minnesota Landmarks (23)
  12. 12. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety K-12 Teacher SurveyK-12 Teacher Survey Top 5 High School History TopicsTop 5 High School History Topics 1.1. Louisiana Purchase (16)Louisiana Purchase (16) 2.2. Indian Reservations (15)Indian Reservations (15) 3.3. War of 1812 (14)War of 1812 (14) 4.4. Immigration in Minnesota (13)Immigration in Minnesota (13) 5.5. Minnesota State Offices & Elected Officials (12)Minnesota State Offices & Elected Officials (12)
  13. 13. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety K-12 Teacher Focus GroupsK-12 Teacher Focus Groups Current Opportunities & Obstacles in AccessingCurrent Opportunities & Obstacles in Accessing School Computer LabsSchool Computer Labs • There are computer labs in almost all schools,There are computer labs in almost all schools, but Social Studies teachers have difficultybut Social Studies teachers have difficulty accessing them.accessing them. • Technical support limitedTechnical support limited – Filters may block content areasFilters may block content areas – Broken hardware and poor network and computerBroken hardware and poor network and computer configurationconfiguration • Schools with mobile access labs reported moreSchools with mobile access labs reported more use with fewer problems.use with fewer problems.
  14. 14. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety K-12 Teacher Focus GroupsK-12 Teacher Focus Groups Finding Time to Learn About New ResourcesFinding Time to Learn About New Resources • Workshops are the best way for teachers toWorkshops are the best way for teachers to learn how to incorporate new technology intolearn how to incorporate new technology into existing practices.existing practices. – Paying for substitutesPaying for substitutes – Regional workshop offeringsRegional workshop offerings – Agencies working togetherAgencies working together – No agreement on best time of the yearNo agreement on best time of the year
  15. 15. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety K-12 Teacher Focus GroupsK-12 Teacher Focus Groups Support MaterialsSupport Materials • Data about the content of the image is criticalData about the content of the image is critical – WhoWho – WhatWhat – WhereWhere – WhenWhen – Interpretation of relevance to Minnesota historyInterpretation of relevance to Minnesota history • Information on how to correctly cite an imageInformation on how to correctly cite an image • Interactive features their students can useInteractive features their students can use • Availability of pre-assembled PowerPointAvailability of pre-assembled PowerPoint presentation (slide trays)presentation (slide trays)
  16. 16. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety K-12 Teacher Focus GroupsK-12 Teacher Focus Groups Using Digital ImagesUsing Digital Images • Almost all teachers use overhead projectors withAlmost all teachers use overhead projectors with black and white transparenciesblack and white transparencies • Many teachers have Powerpoint but to not haveMany teachers have Powerpoint but to not have reliable access to a data projectorreliable access to a data projector • Image size is importantImage size is important
  17. 17. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety K-12 Curriculum ReviewK-12 Curriculum Review Objectives:Objectives: 1)1) Identify opportunities within the greater context ofIdentify opportunities within the greater context of American History to teach Minnesota History.American History to teach Minnesota History. 2)2) Identify vocabulary to be used as keywords in the MDLIdentify vocabulary to be used as keywords in the MDL metadata.metadata. Sources of information on current textsSources of information on current texts • Teacher surveyTeacher survey • American textbook councilAmerican textbook council
  18. 18. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety K-12 Curriculum ReviewK-12 Curriculum Review According to a consumer’s guide to high schoolAccording to a consumer’s guide to high school history textbooks:history textbooks: ““Indeed, the differences between the variousIndeed, the differences between the various formats of these sprawling and cumbersomeformats of these sprawling and cumbersome textbooks, are not even as great as thosetextbooks, are not even as great as those distinguishing, say, the Whopper and the Bigdistinguishing, say, the Whopper and the Big Mac. Rather it is more like the differenceMac. Rather it is more like the difference between the Big Mac, with or without cheese.”between the Big Mac, with or without cheese.”
  19. 19. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety K-12 Curriculum ReviewK-12 Curriculum Review Reviewed Harcourt BraceReviewed Harcourt Brace Social StudiesSocial Studies 20002000
  20. 20. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety State of the State’sState of the State’s Educational TechnologyEducational Technology In 2005 :In 2005 : • Minnesota invested 1.7 million dollars to serveMinnesota invested 1.7 million dollars to serve 846, 891 students.846, 891 students. • Wisconsin invested 18.5 million to serve 881,000Wisconsin invested 18.5 million to serve 881,000 students.students. • South Dakota invested 8.2 million to serveSouth Dakota invested 8.2 million to serve 128,000 students.128,000 students. Electronic Transfer: Moving Technology Dollars in New Directions, Edweek Technology Counts 2005Electronic Transfer: Moving Technology Dollars in New Directions, Edweek Technology Counts 2005
  21. 21. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety State of the State’sState of the State’s Educational TechnologyEducational Technology Minnesota is only one of two states that has not adopted anyMinnesota is only one of two states that has not adopted any standards related to technology training in schools.standards related to technology training in schools. Nationally:Nationally: • 48 states adopted standards for students48 states adopted standards for students • 40 states have adopted standards for teachers40 states have adopted standards for teachers • 32 states have standards for school administrators32 states have standards for school administrators Electronic Transfer: Moving Technology Dollars in New Directions, Edweek Technology Counts 2005Electronic Transfer: Moving Technology Dollars in New Directions, Edweek Technology Counts 2005
  22. 22. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety MDL and K-12 Teachers and StudentsMDL and K-12 Teachers and Students RecommendationsRecommendations 1. Training is Key for Resource Adoption and Use Problem Identified: Teachers overwhelmingly identified the lack of dedicated time to learn about digital resources and create new materials as one of the greatest obstacles to utilizing digital resources in their preparation and teaching. Proposed Solution: The MDLC needs to develop and offer regional training programs to provide teachers with time dedicated to learning about the Minnesota Digital Library and explore ways its resources can be used in their teaching.
  23. 23. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety MDL and K-12 Teachers and StudentsMDL and K-12 Teachers and Students RecommendationsRecommendations 2. Digital Resources Must Be Developed with Multiple Uses in Mind Problem Identified: The majority of K–12 teachers currently have significant obstacles in accessing and/or utilizing digital resources in their teaching due to hardware or support restrictions. Proposed Solution: To assure most effective widespread use, the MDL needs to design its Web site and the resources within it to easily facilitate both digital and analog/hardcopy forms of delivery.
  24. 24. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety MDL and K-12 Teachers and StudentsMDL and K-12 Teachers and Students RecommendationsRecommendations 3. Create a Method for Delivering and Sharing Downloadable, Pre-packaged Sets of Images Problem Identified: Many teachers, particularly those with limited access to data projectors, often face logistical obstacles and are hesitant to invest time in creating their own digital presentations. Proposed Solution: Develop a component of the Minnesota Digital Library to serve as a clearinghouse for pre-built PowerPoint presentations on common topics studied in Minnesota history.
  25. 25. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety MDL and K-12 Teachers and StudentsMDL and K-12 Teachers and Students RecommendationsRecommendations 4. Develop Keyword- and Content-Organizing Options Compatible with K–12 Teaching Practices Problem Identified: Web resources and content databases are often developed only around high-level identifiers and concepts, making it particularly difficult for K–12 teachers to locate content pertinent to their needs and activities. Proposed Solution: All images and other media resources within the Minnesota Digital Library should, at a minimum, contain subject matter information related to who is in the image, the subject of the image, and when and where the image was made.
  26. 26. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety MDL and K-12 Teachers and StudentsMDL and K-12 Teachers and Students RecommendationsRecommendations 5. Continue to Expand the Number of Available Images and Rich Media Resources Problem Identified: Even though there is a growing emphasis on the use of primary sources, there is still limited access to primary source materials relevant to the K–12 Social Studies curriculum. Proposed Solution: Expand the emphasis and specifications on the digitization of images and rich media with direct relevance to the needs of K–12 teachers and learners.
  27. 27. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety MDL and K-12 Teachers and StudentsMDL and K-12 Teachers and Students RecommendationsRecommendations 6. Work Cooperatively with Other Cultural Institutions and Agencies Problem Identified: Teachers and students find it difficult to choose between and differentiate similar resources and initiatives. Proposed Solution: The Minnesota Digital Library should make every effort to work in partnership with other cultural institutions and agencies to maximize its impact, minimize redundancies and clarify relationships.
  28. 28. MDL Annual Meeting, 2006 © Sandbox Studios Inc.Kris Wetterlund and Scott Sayre ©BlueEarthCountyHistoricalSociety Kris WetterlundKris Wetterlund kris@sandboxstudios.orgkris@sandboxstudios.org Scott SayreScott Sayre scott@sandboxstudios.orgscott@sandboxstudios.org

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