TRUMPET FRENCH HORN TROMBONE TUBA Brass Instruments of the Orchestra
Trumpet to hear the sound of a trumpet click here
The trumpet is a musical instrument with the highest register in the brass family. Trumpets are among the oldest musical instruments, dating back to at least 1500 BC. They are constructed of brass tubing bent twice into an oblong shape, and are played by blowing air through closed lips, producing a "buzzing" sound which starts a standing wave vibration in the air column inside the trumpet.
French horn to hear the sound of a French horn click here
The horn is a brass instrument consisting of about 12 feet of tubing wrapped into a coil with a flared bell. It is descended from the natural horn and is informally known as the French horn
Most horns have finger-operated rotary valves. A horn without valves is known as a natural horn.
Three rotary valves control the flow of air in the single horn, which is tuned to F or less commonly B-flat. The more common double horn has a fourth valve, usually operated by the thumb, which routes the air to one set of tubing tuned to F or the second set of tubing tuned to B-flat.
Trombone to hear the sound of a trombone click here
The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. Like all brass instruments, it is a lip-reed aero phone: sound is produced when the player’s vibrating lips (embouchure) cause the air column inside the instrument to vibrate. The trombone is usually characterized by a telescopic slide with which the player varies the length of the tube to change pitches.
The word trombone derives from Italian tromba (trumpet) and -one (a suffix meaning "large"), so the name literally means "large trumpet". Trombones and trumpets share the important characteristic of having predominantly cylindrical bores. Therefore, the most frequently encountered trombones — the tenor and bass trombone — are the tenor and bass counterparts of the trumpet. They are both pitched in B♭ — with the slide all the way in, the notes of the harmonic series based on B♭ can be played — but trombones generally read music in concert pitch.
The tuba is the largest and lowest pitched brass instrument. Sound is produced by vibrating or "buzzing" the lips into a large cupped mouthpiece. It is one of the most recent additions to the modern symphony orchestra, first appearing in the mid-19th century, when it largely replaced the ophicleide. Tuba is Latin for trumpet or horn. The horn referred to would most likely resemble what we know as a Baroque trumpet.