Why industrialization began in Europe and not anywhere else on earth is a subject of a great deal of debate by historians. What is not up for debate is that industrialization did indeed begin in Europe, spreading from there to the rest of the world.
In fact, industrialization began in Britain. The exact time it began is a little unclear – some place it as far back as the early 1700s, when a primitive steam engine was created. By the late 1700s and early 1800s, the process was rolling right along, however.