Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
French Revolution
French Revolution
French Revolution
French Revolution
French Revolution
French Revolution
French Revolution
French Revolution
French Revolution
French Revolution
French Revolution
French Revolution
French Revolution
French Revolution
French Revolution
French Revolution
French Revolution
French Revolution
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

French Revolution

1,902

Published on

This is the French Revolution lecture for Nilsen's World History class.

This is the French Revolution lecture for Nilsen's World History class.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,902
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
75
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • Pick a King – he’s the cause of the national debt
  • Pick a rep for each estate Ask the King which one he’s going to tax Graphs are on p. 330 of textbook
  • Ask each estate how they would vote Ask the King what he wants to do
  • Set up budget scenario and mob reaction
  • Get mob reactions for both
  • Leopold II of Austria was Marie Antoinette’s brother Marie Antoinette executed a couple few months later
  • Right vs. Left is same as today! Declaration has no effect, just like Declaration of Independence Constitutional Monarchy – separation of powers!
  • Concept will be useful for trial
  • Ask mob if anything’s changed
  • Transcript

    • 1. The French Revolution
    • 2. France in 1789 <ul><li>Crippling National Debt </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>Widespread malnutrition and starvation </li></ul>
    • 3. &nbsp;
    • 4. Three Estates <ul><li>First Estate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clergy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>.5% of population, 10% of land </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Second Estate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nobility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1.5% of population, 25% of land </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Third Estate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commoners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>98% of population, 65% of land </li></ul></ul>
    • 5. Estates General <ul><li>King convenes to raise taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Needed money because of Seven Years’ War and American Revolution </li></ul>
    • 6. How should they vote? Commoners 3rd Estate Aristocracy 2nd Estate Clergy 1st Estate 1 1 1
    • 7. How should they vote? Commoners 3rd Estate Aristocracy 2nd Estate Clergy 1st Estate 300 300 648
    • 8. Royal Response <ul><li>King locks out Estates General </li></ul><ul><li>Meet anyway as the National Assembly – Third Estate only </li></ul><ul><li>Tennis Court Oath – vow to meet until they have a constitution </li></ul>
    • 9. Bastille <ul><li>King fires financial advisor </li></ul><ul><li>Parisian crowds riot, storm Bastille prison </li></ul><ul><li>July 14, 1789 – French Independence Day </li></ul>
    • 10. National Assembly Exercises Power <ul><li>August 1789 – Assembly abolishes feudalism </li></ul><ul><li>December 1789 – Assembly takes over property of church </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abolished church’s ability to tax </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confiscated church property </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Made clergy state employees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Replaced church with the “Cult of Reason” </li></ul></ul>
    • 11. More National Assembly Actions <ul><li>Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen </li></ul><ul><li>Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Liberty, Equality, Fraternity (Brotherhood) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eventually establish a constitutional monarchy </li></ul>
    • 12. War <ul><li>Austria and Prussia declare war on France </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Defeated by nationalist French army </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Led to execution of Louis XVI </li></ul><ul><li>Monarchy abolished, Republic established </li></ul>
    • 13. Dissent in the National Assembly <ul><li>Split between conservatives and radical liberals </li></ul>Jacobins Montagnards (“The Mountain”) Girondists Monarchíen (Royalists) 1790s: The Plain (swing votes)
    • 14. Factions Turn on Each Other <ul><li>Conservatives – Girondins </li></ul><ul><li>Radicals – Jacobins </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Maximilien Robespierre </li></ul>
    • 15. Jean-Paul Marat <ul><li>Jacobin who used his newspapers to influence public opinion </li></ul><ul><li>Whipped up public opinion against Girondins </li></ul><ul><li>Killed in his bathtub by Girondin assassin </li></ul>
    • 16. Reign of Terror <ul><li>Robespierre seizes opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>Cracks down on enemies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Girondins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anyone who disagreed with him </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Over 18,000 executed from 1793 to 1794 </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually runs out of political support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loses power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is executed himself in 1794 </li></ul></ul>
    • 17. After the Reign of Terror <ul><li>Girondins take over and take revenge </li></ul><ul><li>Write a new constitution, but nothing changes </li></ul><ul><li>Very little control from the government </li></ul><ul><li>Much social unrest and riots </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Military called upon to put them down </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Napoleon very skilled at doing so </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Napoleon takes over in 1799 coup d’etat </li></ul>
    • 18. Big Picture Takeaway <ul><li>French Revolution was a political failure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traded a King for an Emperor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Elimination of Feudalism and church control had long-term effects </li></ul><ul><li>Revolutionary ideals had far-reaching appeal </li></ul><ul><li>Unified France </li></ul><ul><li>Set the stage for nationalism </li></ul>

    ×