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Chapters 10 and 11

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Chapters 10 and 11 Power Point

Chapters 10 and 11 Power Point

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  • 1. Chapters 10 and 11 Crime and Law – Nilsen
  • 2.
    • Crimes Which Destroy Property
  • 3.
    • Arson is the willful and malicious burning of a person’s property.
  • 4.
    • Vandalism is the willful destruction of or damage to the property of another.
  • 5.
    • Crimes Which Take Property
  • 6.
    • Larceny is the unlawful taking and carrying away of the property of another with the intent to deprive the owner of it.
  • 7.
    • Embezzlement is the unlawful taking of property by someone to whom it was entrusted.
  • 8.
    • Robbery is the unlawful taking of property from a person’s immediate possession through force or intimidation.
  • 9.
    • Extortion is using threats to obtain the property of another.
  • 10.
    • Burglary is the unauthorized entry into a structure with the intent to commit a crime.
  • 11.
    • Forgery occurs when a person makes or alters a document with the intent to defraud.
  • 12.
    • Receiving stolen property is taking possession of property that one knows or has reason to know is stolen.
  • 13.
    • Unauthorized use of a vehicle is taking someone else’s vehicle without the intent to keep it.
    • Grand theft auto is taking someone else’s vehicle with the intent to keep it.
    • Carjacking is taking someone else’s vehicle through the use or threat of force.
  • 14.
    • Defenses
  • 15.
    • No crime has been committed.
  • 16.
    • The defendant did not commit the crime.
  • 17.
    • The defendant committed the crime, but it was excused or justified.
    • Self Defense
  • 18.
    • The defendant committed the crime but was not criminally responsible for their actions.
  • 19.
    • Infancy
      • Children below the age of 7 cannot form criminal intent.
      • Children between 7 and 14 are presumed to be incapable of forming criminal intent.
  • 20.
    • Intoxication can be a valid defense for crimes with specific intent, but not for crimes with general intent.
  • 21.
    • Insanity can be a defense.
      • Some states require a showing of an inability to tell right from wrong.
      • Others require a showing that the defendant lacks the substantial capacity to appreciate the nature of the act or to conform their conduct to the law.
  • 22.
    • Entrapment is a defense when the police encourage or persuade someone into committing a crime.
  • 23.
    • Duress is a defense when someone is forced into committing a crime (not a defense to homicide).
  • 24.
    • Necessity is a defense when someone has to commit a crime to save their life (not a defense to homicide).