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Chapters 10 and 11
 

Chapters 10 and 11

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Power Point for Chapters 10 and 11 in Nilsen's Crime and Law class

Power Point for Chapters 10 and 11 in Nilsen's Crime and Law class

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    Chapters 10 and 11 Chapters 10 and 11 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapters 10 and 11 Crime and Law – Nilsen
    • •Crimes Which Destroy Property
    • • Arson is the willful and malicious burning of a person’s property.
    • • Vandalism is the willful destruction of or damage to the property of another.
    • •Crimes Which Take Property
    • • Larceny is the unlawful taking and carrying away of the property of another with the intent to deprive the owner of it.
    • • Embezzlement is the unlawful taking of property by someone to whom it was entrusted.
    • • Robbery is the unlawful taking of property from a person’s immediate possession through force or intimidation.
    • • Extortion is using threats to obtain the property of another.
    • • Burglary is the unauthorized entry into a structure with the intent to commit a crime.
    • • Forgery occurs when a person makes or alters a document with the intent to defraud.
    • • Receiving stolen property is taking possession of property that one knows or has reason to know is stolen.
    • • Unauthorized use of a vehicle is taking someone else’s vehicle without the intent to keep it. • Grand theft auto is taking someone else’s vehicle with the intent to keep it. • Carjacking is taking someone else’s vehicle through the use or threat of force.
    • •Defenses
    • • No crime has been committed.
    • • The defendant did not commit the crime.
    • • The defendant committed the crime, but it was excused or justified. • Self Defense
    • • The defendant committed the crime but was not criminally responsible for their actions.
    • •Infancy –Children below the age of 7 cannot form criminal intent. –Children between 7 and 14 are presumed to be incapable of forming criminal intent.
    • • Intoxication can be a valid defense for crimes with specific intent, but not for crimes with general intent.
    • • Insanity can be a defense. –Some states require a showing of an inability to tell right from wrong. –Others require a showing that the defendant lacks the substantial capacity to appreciate the nature of the act or to conform their conduct to the law.
    • • Entrapment is a defense when the police encourage or persuade someone into committing a crime.
    • • Duress is a defense when someone is forced into committing a crime (not a defense to homicide).
    • • Necessity is a defense when someone has to commit a crime to save their life (not a defense to homicide).