Chapters 10 and 11
   Crime and Law – Nilsen
•Crimes Which
Destroy Property
• Arson is the willful and malicious
   burning of a person’s property.
• Vandalism is the willful
 destruction of or damage
to the property of another.
•Crimes Which
 Take Property
• Larceny is the unlawful
 taking and carrying away of the
  property of another with the
intent to deprive the owner of i...
• Embezzlement is the unlawful
 taking of property by someone
   to whom it was entrusted.
• Robbery is the unlawful taking
   of property from a person’s
 immediate possession through
      force or intimidation.
• Extortion is using threats to
obtain the property of another.
• Burglary is the unauthorized
entry into a structure with the
   intent to commit a crime.
• Forgery occurs when a person
   makes or alters a document
   with the intent to defraud.
• Receiving stolen property is
taking possession of property
that one knows or has reason
      to know is stolen.
• Unauthorized use of a vehicle is
     taking someone else’s vehicle
     without the intent to keep it.

• Grand theft a...
•Defenses
• No crime has been committed.
• The defendant did not
    commit the crime.
• The defendant committed
    the crime, but it was
    excused or justified.

      • Self Defense
• The defendant committed the
   crime but was not criminally
   responsible for their actions.
•Infancy
 –Children below the age of 7
  cannot form criminal intent.
–Children between 7 and 14 are
  presumed to be inca...
• Intoxication can be a valid
   defense for crimes with
  specific intent, but not for
 crimes with general intent.
• Insanity can be a defense.
      –Some states require a
     showing of an inability to
       tell right from wrong.
–O...
• Entrapment is a defense
when the police encourage or
   persuade someone into
     committing a crime.
• Duress is a defense when
   someone is forced into
 committing a crime (not a
    defense to homicide).
• Necessity is a defense when
   someone has to commit a
 crime to save their life (not a
     defense to homicide).
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Chapters 10 and 11

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Power Point for Chapters 10 and 11 in Nilsen's Crime and Law class

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Chapters 10 and 11

  1. 1. Chapters 10 and 11 Crime and Law – Nilsen
  2. 2. •Crimes Which Destroy Property
  3. 3. • Arson is the willful and malicious burning of a person’s property.
  4. 4. • Vandalism is the willful destruction of or damage to the property of another.
  5. 5. •Crimes Which Take Property
  6. 6. • Larceny is the unlawful taking and carrying away of the property of another with the intent to deprive the owner of it.
  7. 7. • Embezzlement is the unlawful taking of property by someone to whom it was entrusted.
  8. 8. • Robbery is the unlawful taking of property from a person’s immediate possession through force or intimidation.
  9. 9. • Extortion is using threats to obtain the property of another.
  10. 10. • Burglary is the unauthorized entry into a structure with the intent to commit a crime.
  11. 11. • Forgery occurs when a person makes or alters a document with the intent to defraud.
  12. 12. • Receiving stolen property is taking possession of property that one knows or has reason to know is stolen.
  13. 13. • Unauthorized use of a vehicle is taking someone else’s vehicle without the intent to keep it. • Grand theft auto is taking someone else’s vehicle with the intent to keep it. • Carjacking is taking someone else’s vehicle through the use or threat of force.
  14. 14. •Defenses
  15. 15. • No crime has been committed.
  16. 16. • The defendant did not commit the crime.
  17. 17. • The defendant committed the crime, but it was excused or justified. • Self Defense
  18. 18. • The defendant committed the crime but was not criminally responsible for their actions.
  19. 19. •Infancy –Children below the age of 7 cannot form criminal intent. –Children between 7 and 14 are presumed to be incapable of forming criminal intent.
  20. 20. • Intoxication can be a valid defense for crimes with specific intent, but not for crimes with general intent.
  21. 21. • Insanity can be a defense. –Some states require a showing of an inability to tell right from wrong. –Others require a showing that the defendant lacks the substantial capacity to appreciate the nature of the act or to conform their conduct to the law.
  22. 22. • Entrapment is a defense when the police encourage or persuade someone into committing a crime.
  23. 23. • Duress is a defense when someone is forced into committing a crime (not a defense to homicide).
  24. 24. • Necessity is a defense when someone has to commit a crime to save their life (not a defense to homicide).
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