Because of Locke’s beliefs about the state of nature he had a relatively positive view on human nature.
Locke believes that people are politically equal and so argued strongly for laws by consent of the people.
Unlike Hobbes Locke believed that in a state of nature ie a state without government, some would be willing to work together for mutual support.
He also believed government should implement the law instead of having absolute power as he believe no man is so superior that he should be master of any others.
These sensations created by Secondary Qualities produce an idea. This is done by impulse into our minds through our senses. The Primary Qualities are the crucial and inseparable qualities of a body. These qualities are found in the body until it becomes insensible and include its solidity, extension, figure and mobility. Powers that produce sensations such as colour in our mind are what Locke calls the Secondary Qualities. Simple Ideas and the role of Primary and Secondary Qualities “ An Essay Concerning Human Understanding”, first published in 1690. The argument;
How does this relate to the real world? Example ; the rose, by impulse of its solidity, extension, figure and mobility affect our senses and cause ideas . This produces sensations which we receive from the colour and smell of the rose. This causes the idea of pink and a sweet scent of the flower to be produced in our minds.
The power to produce ideas by our senses are looked upon as real qualities in the things affecting us. But Locke argues that this belief is wrong by explaining that the effects of the sun on wax, which we see produces softness in the wax, not as a quality of the sun, but an effect produced by powers in it. They are all equally powers in the sun (body), which depend on its Primary Qualities. Example ; We believe that the idea of light which we receive by our eyes from the sun to be a quality existing in the sun (body). Are we mistaken in our beliefs?
Words, to him, signified ideas which, in turn, we derive from personal experiences.
While we may speak in the same language, Locke argues that we do not attach the same ideas to the same words.
Words are “private and idiosyncratic” to the individual, who is likely to attach his/her own set of personal, subjective associations to each word, which might often relate back to a particular place or time.