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The Census for Local Studies Research
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Peter Reid, Robert Gordon University,

Peter Reid, Robert Gordon University,

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  • 1. The Census for Local Studies Research Professor Peter Reid
  • 2.
    • With a little help from Cecil Frances Alexander
  • 3. Family history
  • 4.  
  • 5.  
  • 6.
    • Address
    • Name
    • Relationship to head
    • Age
    • Occupation
    • Where born
    • Lunatic, imbecile or idiot
  • 7.  
  • 8.
    • All things bright and beautiful, All creatures great and small
    Victorian Bethnal Green Young and Wilmott. (1957) Family and Kinship in East London
  • 9. Migration He made their glowing colours, He made their tiny wings.
    • Census data on place of birth
    • Only records location on the night of the census, not the duration of residence in a particular location
    • Quantitative data with little context, other sources (e.g. narrative are more useful but less suitable for generalisations)
  • 10.  
  • 11. Little Ireland Between 1841 - 1851 the Irish population of Scotland increased by 90%. 1851 Coatbridge - 35.8% Irish Edinburgh – 6.5% Irish Dumfries-shire – 5.9% Glasgow had 29% of all Irish migrants settled in Scotland
  • 12. Segregation or Integration?
    • “ the census only indicates the place of birth and the place of residence on census night.' It does not record where else a person had lived since their birth, how long they had spent at their current address, or indeed how long they stayed there before moving elsewhere”.
    • HIGGS, E. Making senses of the census (1989)
  • 13. Migration
    • Charles Malcolm
    • Born Sweden
    • Naturalized British Subject 1889
    • Carl Malcolm Carlstrom, born Landkrona, 1854, son of Carl Johan Carlstrom and Benedicta Elisabeth Hasselgren
  • 14. Urbanisation
    • In 1801 there was only London had a population of more than 100,000.
    • A century later 33 cities had over 100,000 residents.
    • The hidden migration
  • 15. Urbanisation
  • 16. Gender
    • Education
      • Scholar or nothing
    • Occupation
      • Seldom fully recorded
      • Textile industry
      • Domestic service
    • ‘ Widow’
      • as an occupation
  • 17. Occupations: The rich man in castle, the poor man at his gate
    • 1851 census summary tables grouped occupations (related to manufacturing)
    • Classification of occupations within communities enables classification of communities
      • economic and industrial structures
      • physical landscape and environment
      • social zones
      • transport infrastructure
  • 18. Tillott’s Classifcation
    • Thirteen categories, divided into:
    • Primary
      • agriculture and fisheries
    • Secondary
      • mining and manufacture
    • Tertiary
      • law, banking, education, profession
      • but also servants
  • 19. Tillott's Consolidated Classes Tillott's classification scheme has been widely used, and suits most   Consolidated Classes Primary Groups I Upper class Groups 5a, 7a, 10a, 10b II Intermediate - non-agricultural Groups 7b, 10c, 13 III Intermediate - agricultural Group 1 IV Skilled workers and similar Groups 2a, 3, 4, 5b, 6, 8, 9a V Semi-skilled workers Groups 2b, 11 VI Domestic servants, semi-skilled Group 9b VII Labourers and unskilled workers Groups 9c, 12 Source: Dennis Mills and Kevin Schürer eds., Local Communities in the Victorian Census Enumerators' Books , Oxford: Leopard's Head Press, 1996, p. 144
  • 20. Social status: He made them, high or lowly, And ordered their estate.
    • The class structure
    • No women working
      • except servants
    • Private means
  • 21.  
  • 22. Cultural homogeneity (or hegemony)
  • 23. Cultural homogeneity (or hegemony)
    • Homogeneity of societies at all levels, particular in farming or fishing communities
  • 24. The Census He gave us eyes to see them, And lips that we might tell