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LMS/RFID (Dis)integration: why standards matter
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LMS/RFID (Dis)integration: why standards matter

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An overview on standards associated with book self-issue and RFID. Argues for the need for a specific standard for the RFID industry to allow interoperability between RFID systems. Presented by Mick ...

An overview on standards associated with book self-issue and RFID. Argues for the need for a specific standard for the RFID industry to allow interoperability between RFID systems. Presented by Mick Fortune at the SLIC/JISC RSCs in Scotland RFID event, held in Glasgow on 17 Sept 2008.

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  • Good afternoon! My name is Mick Fortune and I’ve been given the unique challenge of making standards interesting.

LMS/RFID (Dis)integration: why standards matter LMS/RFID (Dis)integration: why standards matter Presentation Transcript

  • LMS/RFID (Dis)integration Why Standards Matter Mick Fortune
  • About Me
    • 35+ years in the library market
      • British Library, Geac, Dynix, IBM and 2CQR
    • Member of BIC/CILIP Library RFID Group
    • Independent from July 2008 - focusing on RFID deployment and LMS/RFID integration issues.
    • Currently writing “Best Practice Guidelines for Library RFID” for distribution by CILIP in November 2009.
  • About this Presentation
    • The story so far
      • How library RFID has developed
    • Library Standards
      • Self service
    • Industry Standards
      • Frequencies, encoding, models etc.
    • Where we’re going
      • Why we need a new standard
  • The Story So Far
  • Typical Library Management System (LMS) Acquisitions Circulation PAC/WebPAC Cataloguing System Self Service
  • Self-Service Circulation Schematic Self-service units LAN Servers Library Management System Web SIP Z39.50 Sip messages
  • Self-Service Circulation Issue Process Read Borrower Card Check Rules and Return Result Read Item Data Process rules and return result Confirm Transaction Self-service unit Sip message SIP Server Sip message
  • A Library “Standard” - SIP
    • SIP = S tandard I nterface P rotocol
      • developed to create a common interface between any LMS and their barcode-driven self-service.
    • A “de facto” standard
    • Now widely used by LMS/Self Service solutions.
    • NCIP will expand its scope to inter-lending.
    • Not an RFID standard.
  • So Why Use RFID for Self-Service?
    • It works!
    • Easy to deploy
      • uses SIP.
    • Easier for clients
      • No need to “hunt the barcode”
    • Optionally,
      • Can issue multiple items simultaneously
      • Can identify items missing from sets
      • Can be integrated with security
  • RFID Industry Standards
  • Security
    • Two options
      • EAS (Electronic Article Surveillance)
        • OK/Not OK
      • AFI (Application Family Indicator)
        • Identifies items as belonging to a library
        • More flexiblity
    • Both work by reading/writing data to a tag using specific rules
    • Interoperable in theory (and in practice)
  • Surely there are more standards than that?
  • You Want More Standards?
    • ISO/IEC 19762-3, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture (AIDC) techniques Harmonized vocabulary — Part 3: Radio frequency identification (RFID)
    • ISO 15511, Information and documentation – International Standard Identifier for Libraries and Related Organizations (ISIL)
    • ISO 3166-1, Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions — Part 1: Country codes
    • ISO/IEC 15961-1, Information technology -- Radio frequency identification (RFID) for item management Data protocol -- Part 1: Application interface
    • ISO/IEC 15961-2, Information technology -- Radio frequency identification (RFID) for item management Data protocol -- Part 2: Registration of RFID data constructs
    • ISO/IEC 15961-3, Information technology -- Radio frequency identification (RFID) for item management Data protocol -- Part 3: RFID data constructs
    • ISO/IEC 15962, Information technology -- Radio frequency identification (RFID) for item management – Data protocol: data encoding rules and logical memory functions
    • ISO/IEC 18000-3, Information technology -- Radio frequency identification for item management -- Part 3: Parameters for air interface communications at 13,56 MHz
    • ISO/DIS 8459 Information and documentation -- Bibliographic data element directory
    • GS1 EPCglobal, Tag Data Standards version 1.3.1
    Are you Sure?
  • Do We Need to Learn Them All?
    • No - Most of them are protocols already in general use by library RFID companies in the UK
    • The two most significant are probably:
      • ISO/IEC 18000-3
        • Defines “air interface” parameters for 13.56Mhz (aka “HF” or “VHF” – almost everyone uses this)
      • ISO 15962
        • Defines a methodology for encoding data on the tags
  • Why We Need Another Standard
  • Library RFID – A Quick Recap
    • Widely used for self-service
      • (Almost) all using SIP
      • No significant RFID data requirement.
    • Often used for security
      • AFI and EAS are well-defined, standardised, non-library RFID standards.
      • No significant RFID data requirement.
    • Beginning to be used for stock management
      • Accessions, stocktaking, tracking, selection
      • Major RFID data requirement?
  • A Missing Link?
    • There is no standard for a library data model.
    • RFID suppliers have had to develop their own data models to store the data their systems use.
    • There is currently little or no interoperability between RFID systems from different suppliers.
  • Why Does This Matter?
    • By deploying RFID you change the way you interact with your collections permanently.
    • New RFID-based solutions may be proprietary
    • Solutions designed for one LMS may not work with another.
    • LMS suppliers have mostly been slow to realise the challenge/opportunity that RFID offers.
  • The Common Data Model
    • European libraries have mostly chosen a single data model standard of which the best known is probably the “Danish” data model (DDM).
    • Using a common data model enables greater interoperability and transportable solutions.
    • ISO 28560 is an attempt to define a global standard to deliver these advantages to everyone.
  • A Quick Look at ISO 28560
    • 28560-1
      • Defines the data elements to be stored and their locations on the tag.
    • 28560-2 and 28560-3
      • Defines the methodology to be used to store it.
      • They may be mutually exclusive options.
  • ISO 28560- 1 – Data Elements
    • Primary item identifier
    • Content parameter
    • Owner library (ISIL)
    • Set information
    • Type of usage - (Books - reference, circulating etc. Borrowers – Type, Other items – for rental etc.)
    • Shelf location
    • ONIX media format - elements 7, 8 and 19 mutually exclusive
    • MARC media format - elements 7, 8 and 19 mutually exclusive
    • Supplier identifier
    • Order number
    • ILL borrowing institution (ISIL) - element 11 and 25 mutually exclusive
    • ILL borrowing transaction number
    • Product identifier GS1 - element 13 and 18 mutually exclusive
    • Local data A
    • Local data B
    • Local data C
    • Title
    • Product identifier local - element 13 and 18 mutually exclusive
    • Media format (other) - elements 7, 8 and 19 mutually exclusive
    • Supply chain stage
    • Invoice number
    • Alternative item identifier
    • Alternative owner library - element 3 and 23 mutually exclusive
    • Subsidiary of an owner library
    • Alternative ILL borrowing institution - element 11 and 25 mutually exclusive
  • It’s Not What you Do…
    • Key advantages
      • Transportable solutions
      • RFID interoperability
      • NCIP can be deployed
      • Better stock management
      • New functionality
  • … it’s the Way That You Do It.
    • Some remaining issues
      • So many options could impact speed of service
      • Most LMS suppliers not yet “engaged”
      • Who manages the data?
      • Existing systems may have to be converted
  • Summary
    • RFID Self-Service works!
    • RFID Security works !
    • LMS/RFID integration in any other area of library activity is either proprietary or non-existent.
    • A common standard will improve this situation immeasurably.
    • Ask your suppliers, RFID and LMS, how they plan to respond to ISO 28560.
  • Thank You! Mick Fortune Library RFID t. +44 1865 727411 m. +44 7786 625544 e. [email_address] w. www.mickfortune.org.uk (from 2009)