The ISBD/XML Study Group background, activities, plans
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The ISBD/XML Study Group background, activities, plans

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Presented at the seminar Libraries and the Semantic Web: the role of International Standard Bibliographic Description (ISBD), National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, 25 Feb 2011

Presented at the seminar Libraries and the Semantic Web: the role of International Standard Bibliographic Description (ISBD), National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, 25 Feb 2011

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The ISBD/XML Study Group background, activities, plans The ISBD/XML Study Group background, activities, plans Presentation Transcript

  • The ISBD/XML Study Group background, activities, plansMirna Willer, University of Zadar, HRISBD/XML SG Chairmwiller@unizd.hr
    Libraries and the Semantic Web: the role of International Standard Bibliographic Description (ISBD)
    Workshop
    Cataloguing and Indexing Group Scotland
    11/03/2011
    25 Feb 2011, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
    1
  • http://www.slainte.org.uk/events/EvntShow.cfm?uEventID=2578
    11/03/2011
    25 Feb 2011, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
    2
  • Background, activities, plans
    11/03/2011
    25 Feb 2011, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
    ISBD/XML Study Group
    IFLA Congress, Quebec , Canada 2008: Cataloguing Section. ISBD Review Group’s Material Designations Study Group recommended
    to develop an XML schema for ISBD, and to start researching into "reviewing ISBD concepts and the standard itself by the application of web technologies, and eventually of evolving the standard into a tool open to the Semantic Web technologies and services“
     The 2-year project proposed by the Study Group was accepted in 2008 by the IFLA Professional Board; 3rd year accepted (2011)
    3
  • Background, activities, plans
    11/03/2011
    25 Feb 2011, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
    Data Model Meeting, British Library. Bibliographic Standards, London, 2007 between representatives of:
    • RDA: Resource Description and Access (JSC),
    • the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI),
    • IEEE Learning Object Metadata (IEEE LOM), and
    • W3C.Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS)
     Recommended activities that would provide benefits including the library community getting
    4
  • Background, activities, plans
    11/03/2011
    25 Feb 2011, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
    "a metadata standard that is compatible with the Web Architecture and that is fully interoperable with other Semantic Web initiatives“
    DCMI RDA Task Group: to investigate options for representing bibliographic concepts and metadata in Resource Description Framework (RDF), the data model of the Semantic Web W3C.
    5
  • Background, activities, plans
    IFLA Congress, Durban, South Africa, 2007
    • IFLA FRBR Review Group took up the initiative and started a project "to define appropriate namespaces for FRBR (entity-relationship) in RDF and other appropriate syntaxes“
    IFLA Congress, Milan, Italy, 2009
    IFLA Namespaces Task Group was formed with support by the IFLA Bibliography, Cataloguing, and Information Technology Sections:
    IFLA Namespaces: Requirements and Options
    11/03/2011
    25 Feb 2011, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
    6
  • http://www.ifla.org/en/node/1795
    11/03/2011
    25 Feb 2011, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
    7
  • Background, activities, plans
    • IFLA Working Group was appointed to review the role of IFLA in setting and monitoring bibliographic standards, December 2009
    • IFLA Governing Board and Professional Committee, IFLA Conference, 2010
    • IFLA Bibliographic Standards Program (Core Activity) to oversee bibliographic standards activities within IFLA
    11/03/2011
    25 Feb 2011, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
    8
  • Background, activities, plans
    The main goals of the ISBD/XML SG’s project were:
    to build a consensus on the raison d'être of moving the ISBD into the web environment, and define possible uses of such a product,
    to develop ISBDXML schema,
    to ensure the interoperability of the product with similar ones such as MARC/DCXML schemas, at least at the conceptual level, within the current Semantic Web technologies and services,
    to liaise with relevant constituencies in the field, and
    to propose further development of software tools and services.
    11/03/2011
    25 Feb 2011, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
    9
  • Background, activities, plans
    Anticipated results of the project were primarily the (re)positioning of the IFLA standard and its values of enabling provision and (re)use of authoritative structured bibliographic information in the Internet environment.
    The anticipated beneficiaries and stakeholders will be all interested in producing/sharing/(re)using authoritative bibliographic information in the web environment.
    11/03/2011
    25 Feb 2011, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
    10
  • Background, activities, plans
    The expected outcomes were
    to document on the use and application of the ISBDXML,
    the ISBDXML schema, and
    to document on the directions of further actions to position ISBD within the Semantic Web environment
    11/03/2011
    25 Feb 2011, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
    11
  • Background, activities, plans
    IFLA Conference, Milan, Italy, 2009: ISBD/XML SG, 1st Meeting: re-direction of the project goal – from XML to RDF
    • G. Dunsire recommendation: to bypass the general XML mark-up and go directly to an RDF/XML environment which would situate ISBD within the Semantic Web framework
    • Goals revised: (2) develop an ISBD RDF/XML schema, (3) ensure the interoperability of the product with similar ones such as MARC/DCXML schemas, at least at the conceptual level, within the current semantic web technologies and services
    The objective was further detailed with the tasks of analysing and defining the functionalities of ISBD elements in relation to FRBR, (UNI)MARC, and DC/XML schemas, new cataloguing rules such as RDA, REICAT and the Finnish cataloguing rules, analysing and supporting the concept of linked data, and promoting its relevance to vendors in support of the development of new generation library information systems
    11/03/2011
    25 Feb 2011, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
    12
  • Background, activities, plans
    Goals revised:
    (2) develop an ISBD RDF/XML schema,
    (3) ensure the interoperability of the product with similar ones such as MARC/DCXML schemas, at least at the conceptual level, within the current Semantic Web technologies and services
     the tasks of analysing and defining the functionalities of ISBD elements in relation to FRBR, (UNI)MARC, and DC/XML schemas, new cataloguing rules such as RDA, REICAT, the concept of linked data, and promoting its relevance to vendors in support of the development of new generation library information systems
    11/03/2011
    25 Feb 2011, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
    13
  • Background, activities, plans
    IFLA Congress, Gothenburg, Sweden, 2010
     Preliminary representation of ISBD elements in Resource Description Framework (RDF) in Open Metadata Registry, based on the ISBD consolidated edition, draft of 2010-05-10 Open Metadata Registry
    11/03/2011
    25 Feb 2011, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
    14
  • Background, activities, plans
    The representation of ISBD elements in RDF: representation and usage constraints, such as mandatory/optional, order and repeatability of elements, and accepted to
    express ISBD elements as RDF properties and vocabularies,  revision of ISBD elements / (RDF) properties
    express the metadata record structure as a Dublin Core Application Profile (DCAP), and
    express metadata output format, including punctuation, as an XSLT
    11/03/2011
    25 Feb 2011, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
    15
  • http://metadataregistry.org/
    11/03/2011
    25 Feb 2011, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
    16
  • http://metadataregistry.org/
    11/03/2011
    25 Feb 2011, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
    17
  • http://www.ifla.org/en/events/isbdxml-study-group-meeting
    11/03/2011
    25 Feb 2011, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
    18
  • Background, activities, plans
    To finalize the representation of the ISBD based on final consolidated edition (to be published in 2011) in RDF
    To update the application profile (and the XSLT display format for punctuation)
    Set guidelines for the treatment of translations in Open Metadata Registry (Spanish, Croatian, etc.)
    To discuss the representation of UNIMARC bibliographic format content designation in RDF
    To monitor the integration of the ISBD RDF representations with the IFLA infrastructure
    11/03/2011
    25 Feb 2011, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
    19
  • WHY???
    • Authoritative & trustworthy bibliographic and authority data in the Semantic Web environment!!!  UBC
    • IFLA standards branding®
    • Libraries:
    • transformation of their catalogues into RDF triples to contribute to, and take advantage of the Semantic Web
    • “bibliographic” triples linked to triples from encyclopedias, dictionaries, and other reference works, booksellers, publishers, and other agents in the bibliographic universe to enhance information services
    • internal processing: to check the integrity of the record itself by identifying missing elements, sequencing errors, etc.
    11/03/2011
    25 Feb 2011, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
    20
  • WHY???
    • Properties from the ISBD namespace can be re-used in other application profiles and mixed with elements from other namespaces
    • End-users: providing means to librarians for preparing their metadata for an environment in which users will be enabled to perform tasks according to their specific needs, and not necessarily only those traditionally envisioned by librarians
    11/03/2011
    25 Feb 2011, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
    21
  • Thank you for your attention!
    11/03/2011
    25 Feb 2011, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
    22
  • References
    British Library. Bibliographic Standards. Data Model Meeting. Available at: http://www.bl.uk/bibliographic/meeting.html
    DCMI. Guidelines for Dublin Core application profiles. Available at: http://dublincore.org/documents/profile-guidelines/
    DCMI RDA Task Group wiki. Available at: http://dublincore.org/dcmirdataskgroup/
    Dublin Core Metadata Initiative. Available at: http://dublincore.org/
    Dunsire, Gordon. UNIMARC, RDA and the Semantic Web. Presented at World Library and Information Congress: 75th IFLA General Conference and Assembly, 23-27 August 2009, Milan, Italy. Available at: http://www.ifla.org/files/hq/papers/ifla75/135-dunsire-en.pdf
    IFLA. Cataloguing Section. FRBR Review Group. Available at: http://www.ifla.org/en/frbr-rg
    IFLA. Cataloguing Section. ISBD Review Group. ISBD/XML Study Group. Available at: http://www.ifla.org/en/node/1795
    IFLA Namespaces Task Group. Available at: http://www.ifla.org/en/node/5353
    Joint Steering Group for Development of RDA. RDA: resource description and access. Available at: http://www.rda-jsc.org/rda.html
    Open Metadata Registry. Available at: http://metadataregistry.org/
    Resource description framework (RDF). Available at: http://www.w3.org/RDF/
    Willer, Mirna; Gordon Dunsire; Boris Bosančić. ISBD and the Semantic Web. // JLIS.it [Journal of Library and Information Science. Italy = Rivista italiana di biblioteconomia, archivistica e scienza dell'informazione] 1, 2(2010), 213-236. DOI: 10.4403/jlis.it-4536; URI: http://leo.cilea.it/index.php/jlis/article/view/4536
    W3C. SKOS Simple knowledge organization system. Available at: http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/
    11/03/2011
    25 Feb 2011, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
    23