WWI: War And Peace

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the end of World War I and the Treaty of Versailles

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  • WWI: War And Peace

    1. 1. Unit 6: World War I
    2. 5. <ul><li>Bolshevik (communist) revolution in Russia, Oct (Nov) 1917 </li></ul><ul><li>Lenin signs treaty with Germany March 1918 </li></ul><ul><li>Germany can now focus attention on Western Front </li></ul><ul><li>First American troops arrive France April 1918 </li></ul>
    3. 6. <ul><li>11 a.m., November 11, 1918 </li></ul><ul><li>“ The eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month” </li></ul><ul><li>Now Veterans Day in US, Remembrance Day or Armistice in Europe, Canada, elsewhere </li></ul>
    4. 8. <ul><li>60 million men mobilized </li></ul><ul><li>8.5 million killed in combat (1/7) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>average: 5432 killed per day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Names would fit on a wall 13.64 miles long </li></ul></ul><ul><li>22 million wounded (1/3) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>7 million permanently disabled </li></ul></ul><ul><li>5 million reported missing </li></ul><ul><li>12.6 million civilians dead </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Civilian deaths exceeded military casualties </li></ul></ul>
    5. 9. <ul><li>$400,000,000,000 (estimate by Carnegie endowment for peace, 1920) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1565 days </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$255,591,055/day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$10,649,627.30/hr </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$177,493.79/min </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Compare with cost of Iraq War today </li></ul>
    6. 13. <ul><li>US, Britain, France, Italy dominated </li></ul><ul><li>Guiding principle (Wilson): “peace without victory” </li></ul><ul><li>Guiding principle (Allies): revenge </li></ul><ul><li>Germany, Russia not invited </li></ul><ul><li>League of Nations: Collective security </li></ul>
    7. 14. <ul><li>Article 231: German people wholly to blame for war </li></ul><ul><li>Germany must pay reparations </li></ul><ul><li>Germany not allowed to keep large army </li></ul><ul><li>Germany loses all colonies, conquered territories </li></ul>

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