WWI: Causes and Outbreak
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WWI: Causes and Outbreak

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The causes and outbreak of World War I

The causes and outbreak of World War I

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WWI: Causes and Outbreak Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Unit 6: World War I
  • 2.  
  • 3.
    • Nationalism
      • “ my state is the best”
      • Threatened existence of Austria, Russia, Ottoman Empire
      • Social Darwinism
    • Economic rivalry
      • Germany challenged Britain’s supremacy
    • Imperialism
      • Conflict over colonies (markets, raw materials)
  • 4.
    • Glorification of war
    • Means of proving superiority
    • Chance of winning glory
    • Arms race:
      • Britain – navy twice as large as next two combined
      • Germany – starts increasing size of navy
  • 5.
    • Know you have enemies
    • Need to have friends
    • Two emerge:
      • Triple Alliance: Germany, Austria, Italy
      • Triple Entente: France, Russia, Britain
  • 6.  
  • 7.
    • Goal: Avoid fighting France and Russia at the same time
    • Russia: takes 8 weeks to mobilize men
    • France: defeated them in 5 weeks in 1871
    • Plan: Invade France first, capture Paris, then shift troops to eastern front to fight Russia
    • Problem: After 1871 (Franco-Prussian War), France fortified its border with Germany
  • 8.  
  • 9.
    • Independent kingdom 1832
    • Neutrality guaranteed by treaty signed in 1839 by Britain, France, Russia, Prussia & Austria
  • 10.
    • Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzogivina
    • Gavril Princip, Serb nationalist, assassinates Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to Austrian throne
  • 11.  
  • 12.
    • 29 July: A declares war on Serbia; R orders partial mobilization, declares war on A
    • 30 July: R orders full mobilization
    • 31 July: G demands R to halt mobilization; demands F stay neutral
    • 1 Aug: G declares war on R; F mobilizes
    • 2 Aug: G demand Belgium let her pass; Be refuses
    • 3 Aug: G declares war on F, invades Be
    • 4 August: Br declares war on G
    German declaration of war on Russia