Unit 6: World War I
 
<ul><li>Nationalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ my state is the best” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Threatened existence of Austr...
<ul><li>Glorification of war </li></ul><ul><li>Means of proving superiority </li></ul><ul><li>Chance of winning glory </li...
<ul><li>Know you have enemies </li></ul><ul><li>Need to have friends </li></ul><ul><li>Two emerge: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>T...
 
<ul><li>Goal: Avoid fighting France and Russia at the same time </li></ul><ul><li>Russia: takes 8 weeks to mobilize men </...
 
<ul><li>Independent kingdom 1832 </li></ul><ul><li>Neutrality guaranteed by treaty signed in 1839 by Britain, France, Russ...
<ul><li>Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzogivina </li></ul><ul><li>Gavril Princip, Serb nationalist, assassinates Archduke Franz Ferdi...
 
<ul><li>29 July: A declares war on Serbia; R orders partial mobilization, declares war on A </li></ul><ul><li>30 July: R o...
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WWI: Causes and Outbreak

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The causes and outbreak of World War I

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WWI: Causes and Outbreak

  1. 1. Unit 6: World War I
  2. 3. <ul><li>Nationalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ my state is the best” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Threatened existence of Austria, Russia, Ottoman Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Darwinism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic rivalry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany challenged Britain’s supremacy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Imperialism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict over colonies (markets, raw materials) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Glorification of war </li></ul><ul><li>Means of proving superiority </li></ul><ul><li>Chance of winning glory </li></ul><ul><li>Arms race: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain – navy twice as large as next two combined </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany – starts increasing size of navy </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Know you have enemies </li></ul><ul><li>Need to have friends </li></ul><ul><li>Two emerge: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Triple Alliance: Germany, Austria, Italy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Triple Entente: France, Russia, Britain </li></ul></ul>
  5. 7. <ul><li>Goal: Avoid fighting France and Russia at the same time </li></ul><ul><li>Russia: takes 8 weeks to mobilize men </li></ul><ul><li>France: defeated them in 5 weeks in 1871 </li></ul><ul><li>Plan: Invade France first, capture Paris, then shift troops to eastern front to fight Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Problem: After 1871 (Franco-Prussian War), France fortified its border with Germany </li></ul>
  6. 9. <ul><li>Independent kingdom 1832 </li></ul><ul><li>Neutrality guaranteed by treaty signed in 1839 by Britain, France, Russia, Prussia & Austria </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzogivina </li></ul><ul><li>Gavril Princip, Serb nationalist, assassinates Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to Austrian throne </li></ul>
  8. 12. <ul><li>29 July: A declares war on Serbia; R orders partial mobilization, declares war on A </li></ul><ul><li>30 July: R orders full mobilization </li></ul><ul><li>31 July: G demands R to halt mobilization; demands F stay neutral </li></ul><ul><li>1 Aug: G declares war on R; F mobilizes </li></ul><ul><li>2 Aug: G demand Belgium let her pass; Be refuses </li></ul><ul><li>3 Aug: G declares war on F, invades Be </li></ul><ul><li>4 August: Br declares war on G </li></ul>German declaration of war on Russia

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