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Centre of Excellence for Low Carbon
& Fuel Cell Technologies



Biomethane as a Road Transport Fuel


Andrew Whittles
Proj...
Introduction to Cenex

Carbon Problem

Air Quality Problem

Biomethane as an Integrated Solution

Environmental and Socio ...
Background to Cenex
•   UK’s first Centre of Excellence for Low Carbon and Fuel Cell
    Technologies

•   Formed in 2005 ...
National Air Quality
Natural Environment PSA 28




‘Secure a healthy 
natural environment 
for today and the 
future’.


...
Annual average concentration
(µg m-3) for NO2 and PM10
LAs with current AQMAs


                 Region          LAs with Current AQMAs
                                         ...
NO2 concentration (µg m )




                                                                   0
                       ...
Euro Emission Standards
Courtesy Iveco




                   Courtesy VW


                   Examples of OEM Gas
                   Vehicles ava...
Aggregated Well to Wheel Emissions - EMISSIONS
       AGGREGATED WELL to WHEELS Concawe

800


750


700


650


600


550...
Courtesy Hardstaff
Tonnes of biodegrable waste to landfill (000's)




          0
                 500
                                     ...
Final LATS Allocations

                         Base Year   2010      2013      2020
Leeds City Council       246,603    ...
LEEDS:

LATS Projection Prior to Long-Term Residual Waste Treatment Solution

                   2007/08   2008/09   2009/...
Socio – Economic Benefits

- Fully Allocated Costs of Surface Transport

- Economic Growth
- Fuel Security

- Fuel Poverty...
Noise




             London Night-Time Lorry Ban!


Water Quality

Fertilizer

There must be something wrong !
Toolkits
Demonstration

-    Camden

-    Leeds

-    Sheffield

-    Royal Mail

-    Lincolnshire & Norwich
Stornoway
DfT Infrastructure Grant Programme
Buses
Bus Operator Grant - BSOG
• Low Carbon Emission Vehicles – LCEV
• 30% GHG Emission Improvement over Euro 3
• 6p per km add...
London 2012 Low Carbon Bus Legacy Project
Refreshed Approach

Low Emission Strategies,
Schemes & Zones

Economic incentives for
Euro 6 and beyond

Defra KPIs

Vehic...
‘Encouraging wider
                     adoption of low
                     emission strategies
                     by l...
Cenex EV trials




                  Courtesy Mitsubishi
Biomethane for Transport Working Group




           www.biomethane.org
Summary

- Vehicle emissions are a significant concern to both climate
change and for their effects on morbidity and morta...
Centre of Excellence for Low Carbon
& Fuel Cell Technologies


www.cenex.co.uk

Andrew Whittles
andrew.whittles@cenex.co.uk
Cenex Gas For Transport
Cenex Gas For Transport
Cenex Gas For Transport
Cenex Gas For Transport
Cenex Gas For Transport
Cenex Gas For Transport
Cenex Gas For Transport
Cenex Gas For Transport
Cenex Gas For Transport
Cenex Gas For Transport
Cenex Gas For Transport
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Cenex Gas For Transport

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Transcript of "Cenex Gas For Transport"

  1. 1. Centre of Excellence for Low Carbon & Fuel Cell Technologies Biomethane as a Road Transport Fuel Andrew Whittles Project Development Manager andrew.whittles@cenex.co.uk
  2. 2. Introduction to Cenex Carbon Problem Air Quality Problem Biomethane as an Integrated Solution Environmental and Socio - Economic Benefits Opportunities – Demonstration, Funding Summary
  3. 3. Background to Cenex • UK’s first Centre of Excellence for Low Carbon and Fuel Cell Technologies • Formed in 2005 to assist BERR to help catalyse innovation in the UK automotive supply chain – Targeting assisting UK motor industry competitiveness • NOT an R&D Centre of Excellence – Emphasis on exploiting the potential of new technology through the early market entry phase • Run Programmes and deliver projects for National Government and Government Agencies
  4. 4. National Air Quality Natural Environment PSA 28 ‘Secure a healthy  natural environment  for today and the  future’. Air free from harmful levels of air pollution   Meet air quality objectives for key air pollutants  Main sources  in the AQS as illustrated by trends in  road transport measurements of two of the more important  pollutants which affect public health: particles  and nitrogen dioxide.
  5. 5. Annual average concentration (µg m-3) for NO2 and PM10
  6. 6. LAs with current AQMAs Region LAs with Current AQMAs Defra KPIs England 166 London 33 N. Ireland 11 Scotland 12 Wales 8 LAs with AQMAs by Pollutant Region Benz NO2 PM10 SO2 England 1 155 36 9 London - 33 28 - Northern Ireland - 6 5 1 Scotland - 7 4 1 Wales - 7 1 - Totals 1 208 74 11
  7. 7. NO2 concentration (µg m ) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Belfast Metropolitan Urban Area Bristol Urban Area Central Scotland East Midlands Eastern Buses Glasgow Urban Area Greater London Urban Area Greater Manchester Urban Area Kingston upon Hull Liverpool Urban Area Local Traffic: Buses North East Local Traffic: HGVs Rigid HGVs North Wales Local Traffic: Motorbikes & Mopeds North West & Merseyside Total Non Transport + Urban Background Nottingham Urban Area Portsmouth Urban Area Sheffield Urban Area South East Limit Value Source Apportionment for NO2: 2015 South Wales Local Traffic: Cars Local Traffic: LGVs Background Southampton Urban Local Traffic: HGVs Artic Area Teesside Urban Area Local Traffic The Potteries Tyneside West Midlands West Midlands Urban Area West Yorkshire Urban Area Yorkshire & Humberside
  8. 8. Euro Emission Standards
  9. 9. Courtesy Iveco Courtesy VW Examples of OEM Gas Vehicles available in UK Courtesy Daimler
  10. 10. Aggregated Well to Wheel Emissions - EMISSIONS AGGREGATED WELL to WHEELS Concawe 800 750 700 650 600 550 500 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 -50 -100 -150 1 3 8 10 12 15 18 21 24 26 29 32 35 38 40 42 45 50 53 55 60 63 68 71 73 76 79 81 84 87 90 93 96 101 104 107 10 1 13 1 16 1 19 1 122 125 130 133 CONCAWE – March 2007
  11. 11. Courtesy Hardstaff
  12. 12. Tonnes of biodegrable waste to landfill (000's) 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 20 05 /0 6 20 06 /0 7 20 07 /0 8 20 08 /0 9 20 09 /1 0 20 10 /1 1 20 11 /1 2 20 12 /1 3 20 13 /1 4 20 14 /1 5 London’s Landfill Challenge 20 15 landfill /1 BMW to landfill 6 20 BMW permitted to 16 /1 7 20 17 /1 8 20 18 /1 9 20 19 /2 0
  13. 13. Final LATS Allocations Base Year 2010 2013 2020 Leeds City Council 246,603 151,189 100,703 70,465 Hertfordshire CC 298,406 219,073 145,918 102,103 Essex County Council 386,319 281,901 187,766 131,386 Greater Manchester WDA 850,010 557,297 371,200 259,740 Greenwich Council 35,515 53,214 35,445 24,802 BMW - Tonnes
  14. 14. LEEDS: LATS Projection Prior to Long-Term Residual Waste Treatment Solution 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 LATS 203,667 179,813 151,189 134,360 117,531 100,703 96,383 Allowances BMW Landfilled 197,407 185,823 174,756 153,449 143,724 135,713 135,574 Shortfall/excess 6,260 (6,010) (23,567) (19,089) (26,193) (35,010) (39,191) in LATS Bank /Sell /Buy Bank / Use buy buy buy buy buy sell surplus Assumes implementation of recycling strategy to meet 50% target by 2020 Leeds CC landfilled 77% of domestic waste collected in 2006/07
  15. 15. Socio – Economic Benefits - Fully Allocated Costs of Surface Transport - Economic Growth - Fuel Security - Fuel Poverty - Fuel Duty & RTFO - Social Responsibility
  16. 16. Noise London Night-Time Lorry Ban! Water Quality Fertilizer There must be something wrong !
  17. 17. Toolkits
  18. 18. Demonstration - Camden - Leeds - Sheffield - Royal Mail - Lincolnshire & Norwich
  19. 19. Stornoway
  20. 20. DfT Infrastructure Grant Programme
  21. 21. Buses
  22. 22. Bus Operator Grant - BSOG • Low Carbon Emission Vehicles – LCEV • 30% GHG Emission Improvement over Euro 3 • 6p per km additional subsidy • Cannot be achieved by use of biofuel unless it is a BIOGAS
  23. 23. London 2012 Low Carbon Bus Legacy Project
  24. 24. Refreshed Approach Low Emission Strategies, Schemes & Zones Economic incentives for Euro 6 and beyond Defra KPIs Vehicle Emission Toolkits
  25. 25. ‘Encouraging wider adoption of low emission strategies by local authorities and supporting the effective use of associated policies and measures’ www.lowemissionstrategies.org
  26. 26. Cenex EV trials Courtesy Mitsubishi
  27. 27. Biomethane for Transport Working Group www.biomethane.org
  28. 28. Summary - Vehicle emissions are a significant concern to both climate change and for their effects on morbidity and mortality - Biomethane as a road transport fuel provides an opportunity to significantly improve emissions cost-effectively - Current technology is capable of meeting the challenge - Government thinking is coming in line and regulatory and funding mechanisms are starting to reflect this - Optimism that we can tackle our problems but need to implement strategies and develop tools to inform those strategies
  29. 29. Centre of Excellence for Low Carbon & Fuel Cell Technologies www.cenex.co.uk Andrew Whittles andrew.whittles@cenex.co.uk
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