SMP Gender Equality Forum-Gender Matters in Leadership
Gender mattersin leadership
Meeting Plan Introductions Update since last Gender Equality Forum Women in leadership in Scotland and Malawi Comparing the Scotland and Malawi context Case Study: The Active Learning Centre and the Women’sParliamentary Caucus Learning from partnership Women in leadership: the quotas debate Exploring the debate Other examples of leadership Reflecting on women leaders we have worked with in Malawi Looking Forwards Identifying Scotland’s contribution towards gender equality
Quiz AnswersFemale MPs in the UK: 22.3%Female MSPs in Scotland: 34.88%Female MPs in Malawi: 22.3%Female Ministers in the UK: 17.2%Female Ministers in Malawi: 21.4%Female High Court Judges in the UK (2004):7%Female High Court Judges in Malawi (2008):14.8%Female Civil Servants in the UK (2011): 53%Female Civil Servants in Malawi (2008):19.3%
Female political representation-Scotland• 34.88% female MSPs (2012)•24% female councillors (2012)•Between 2007 and 2011 womencandidates fell from 36% to 29%.• UK Sex Discrimination (ElectionCandidates) Act 2002
Female political representation-Malawi•22% female MPs (2009)•2009: 237 women (136 in 2004)contested parliament seats - 43 wereelected•Much of this was the result of the ‘50:50’campaign, supported by developmentpartners and adopted by high profilecampaigners.•Gender Equality Act, February2013, assented by the President April2013.
Women’s Parliamentary CaucusGoal: to promote gender ideals and women’sempowerment in all legislative activitiesPublic female role models can inspire a changingcultural framework in which traditional roles andresponsibilities can be renegotiatedPeer support among women MPs – making themmore effective members of parliamentReport reflects work Apr 2010 to Mar 2013
ChallengesThere is no better tool for development than theempowerment of women and girls• Retaining women MPs – only 4% stood for re-election in 2009• Getting more women MPs elected• People need to know how to use an MP• Attitudes to women candidates needto change
A view from Scotland“Men have a responsibility to ensure they do not put upobstacles and barriers in front of their daughters, sistersand mothers.” Humza Yousaf MSP“as women politicians we quickly learned that life wasstill not equal, or fair”. Karen Gillon, MSP 1999 – 2011Humza Yousaf MSP, Scotland’s Minister forInternational Development and External Affairs
What qualities of leadership are beingdemonstrated? What has led to their successes asleaders? What are the challenges they havefaced?Case study: ALC Caucus Report
Recommendations:Better support for women MPsCross party workingLocal government post 2014Working with internationalorganisationsRetention of women MPsCase study: ALC Caucus Report
Dr Jessie Kabwila-Kapasula-Malawian academic and activist•Do women have to “become like men” tosucceed?•Need a structure to “enable women toemerge from the base”•What would a non-male dominated state looklike?Prioritise female participationRe-structuring political powerAdopt a feminist approach to developmentWomen would not be 2nd class citizensWomen’s labour recognised andrewarded, even what is done at home and ininformal spaces
Dr Jessie Kabwila-Kapasula“Affirmative actionis what addressesstructuralimbalances, nothaving onewoman runninggovernment.”
Faustace Chirwa, ED of NationalWomen’s Lobby Group, MalawiThe case for positive action in Malawi: The Gender Equality Law: there is hope that more women willparticipate in political leadership backed- but much depends onhow soon the law shall be publicized to inform thewomen about the importance of this law Awareness and education will enable women to demand theirspace in political leadership, using the Law as the tool to seekredress when they are discriminated against. There is need for the political parties to implement Part IV -Employment in the Public Service of the Gender Equality Law-hoping that this Law extends to political parties! At the moment political parties are heavily patronised by malesonly at decision making levels or in political leadership positions. Need to get a “critical mass” into parliament.
Gender in leadershipDo you have a project coordinator/primary liaison in Malawi?Is this a man or a woman?How was this person ‘selected’?Have you come across any gender assumptions, at either sideof your partnership?What impact does this person’s role in the project have ontheir status in the local community?Is there more that could be done to support gender equality inthe leadership of your links?
Gender in leadershipLizzie Banda –communityleader
Looking forwards-Tripartite Elections2014•2009 50:50 Campaign•2014: UNDP has pledged $9m for design andimplementation of new 50:50 campaign•Faustace Chirwa:“Tripartite elections in 2014 offer an opportunityto increase the number of women in politicalleadership at Parliamentary and Ward level.no political will on the part of government towoo more women to participate in the elections ascandidates.This is because of the current threat against theleadership, and instead of her encouraging womento participate in the elections in hugenumbers, she is busy protecting her seat! ”
Looking forwardsIdeas:• Postcards outlining reality in Scotland and Malawi (genderequality bill)• Consider how we use modern technologies to support gendermessaging between Scotland and Malawi• Local authority links between Scotland and Malawi leading upto and beyond 2014• CPA (Scotland Branch) offering continued support toparliamentarians in Malawi• Parliamentary pairing between Scotland and Malawi• Gender Equality Act in language that can be accessible foryoung girls and boys in schools (creating resources throughScotland-Malawi network)• SG continuing to support ALC in supporting training forfemale candidates/parliamentarians