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Elaine Muir (Plan Vivo)-Carbon Offsetting Case Study
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Elaine Muir (Plan Vivo)-Carbon Offsetting Case Study

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GCL Event-Environmental Sustainability in Scotland and Malawi …

GCL Event-Environmental Sustainability in Scotland and Malawi
20th October 2011

Published in Technology
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  • 1. Plan Vivo – Carbon management and rural livelihoods• What is carbon offsetting?• The Carbon Market• The Plan Vivo Standard• Plan Vivo activities in Malawi Contact Elaine Muir email: elaine@planvivofoundation.org Tel: 0131 672 3782 | Fax: 0131 672 9299 Tower Mains Studios 18b Liberton Brae Edinburgh EH16 6AE www.planvivo.org 1
  • 2. What is carbon offsetting?• This involves calculating a person or entity’s GHG emissions and then purchasing ‘credits’ from emission reduction projects that have removed an equivalent amount from the atmosphere. 2
  • 3. The Carbon Market• Buyers and sellers trade GHG emissions• Carbon credit = avoidance/sequestration of one tonne of CO2, in comparison to baseline, or BAU 3
  • 4. The Role of Carbon Standards CCB + VCS 2% CAR CCB 2% Other 3% 6% SGS 4%• Transparency• Quality assurance ISO 14064• Represent different Plan Vivo 37% project types (Plan Vivo 10% – community based, developing countries) VCS + ACR 35% 4
  • 5. The Plan Vivo StandardPlan Vivo Standard• Projects working with rural communities to conserve and restore ecosystems and build sustainable livelihoodsHistory of Plan Vivo 1994 DFID research, Mexico. Objective: connecting rural farmers to the carbon market 5
  • 6. Plan Vivo: Payments for Ecosystem Services Landowners should beNot just about carbon… compensated for services which benefit Ecosystem services the wider region/world supported by trees: • Climate regulation (carbon services) • Biodiversity • Watersheds (water availability, quality) • Soil stability • Landscape beauty 6
  • 7. How does it work? What is a plan vivo?• Participants draw up plan vivos (management plans)• Range of activities: Afforestation/reforestation, agroforestry, forest conservation and restoration• Sale agreements with project coordinator for carbon services 7
  • 8. How are carbon services quantified? 8
  • 9. Achievements so far• Projects under development or operational in 14 countries• >4500 participants with plan vivos• >20,000 hectares under management• ~$6 million channelled to developing countries• 1,000,000 tCO2 certified to date 9
  • 10. Plan Vivo in Malawi• Clinton Development Initiative• Forestry and agroforestry• > 1200 farmers in Dowa and Neno districts• 20,000 Plan Vivo Certificates 10
  • 11. How are projects financed? 11
  • 12. Certificate Issuance history 2500000 Plan Vivo Certificates issued: Cumulative actual and 2 year projection 2000000Volume of Certificates 1500000 1000000 500000 0 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Year 12
  • 13. How is finance shared? Certification $0.35 Verification, marketing? $0.65 Admin’ monitoring, etc Example price: $1.40 $6 / tCO2 Staged payment to• Producers must receive an communities/ equitable share producers $3.60 13
  • 14. ContactElaine Muirelaine@planvivofoundation.orgTel: 0131 672 3782 | Fax: 0131 672 9299Tower Mains Studios18b Liberton BraeEdinburgh EH16 6AE www.planvivo.org 14