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D Lab China 2010: Village And Project Intro
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D Lab China 2010: Village And Project Intro

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Presentation to MIT D-Lab China 2010 students to introduce village life and potential projects or foci for January trip.

Presentation to MIT D-Lab China 2010 students to introduce village life and potential projects or foci for January trip.

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  • D-Lab 2010 China Intro to Village Life & Projects Backdrop: 2- 6 hours drive from city Rural, sometimes phone reception If electricity it is unreliable and used for lighting Average 3,000m elevation
  • Features: 30 households Average income: $2/day or less School 2-hours away, so most school-aged children are not at home Agricultural area with some animal husbandry Forest was 30min away -> now 2-hours
  • Unusable latrines Health problems
  • Some of things that villagers said that they wanted to work on were
  • To speak more about how we are addressing those causes. In terms of..
  • The Focus The type of cooking The lack of heating The nonportability

Transcript

  • 1. D-Lab China 2010 Intro to Village Life & Projects Scot Frank
  • 2. Awuju Village
    • One of the three poorest villages in the Jinyuan Township
    • M ain Problems: fuel shortages, dermatological scarring & diarrhea, lack of accessible medical care, animal roaming disputes between neighbors.
  • 3. Xiakeba Village
    • Main Problems: fuel shortages, injuries during wood collection, lack of toilets with proper evacuation doors, lack of running water in half the village, childhood diarrhea and stomachaches, arthritis.
  • 4. Common Themes
    • Fuel collection, fertilizer, lung pain, and climate change
        •  Root Cause: fuel
    • Diarrhea, stomach pain, water collection, non-functional latrines, and community disputes over animals
        •  Root Cause: sanitation infrastructure
  • 5. Fuel Choices 12 May 2009 One Earth Designs Biogas Solar Coal Crop Residues Wood
    • Deprives animals of food
    • Fertilizer
    • Also highly polluting
    • Scarce
    • Deforestation
    • Highly polluting
    • 900 W/m 2 : W. China (670; 1100)
    • 105 W/m 2 : Scotland (10; 200)
    • Longer, cleaner burning
    • Expensive
    • Inaccessible
    • Metals pollution
    • Temperature!!!
    Wood & Dung
    • Time
    • Education
    • Income
    • Migrant Labor
    • Most accessible fuel
    • Most polluting fuel
    • Pathogen transmission
    • Fertilizer/Income
    Dung Fuel Options
  • 6. Fuel
  • 7. Global Biomass Fuel Use 2.5 Billion People Most polluting fuels known  pollutants/energy extracted
  • 8. Known Health Impacts
    • LRI
    • – 1.6 million
    • Diarrhea
    • – 2.2 million
    • Climate Change
  • 9. Stove Options Open Fire Traditional Mud Improved Mud Improved Metal
  • 10. Solar Cookers Portability Use Heating
  • 11. Heating Modules Household Heating Mobile Personal Heating
  • 12. What We’ve Done So Far
    • Emissions Testing
    • Water testing
    • Fuel Use Surveys
    • Education study
  • 13.  
  • 14. Goals for January
    • Implement new fuel use survey
    • Ethnographic studies of textiles, activities
    • Test and modify solar cooker designs
    • Document household ventilation systems
    • In-situ emissions testing
    • Heating system design (passive or textile)
  • 15. Sanitation
  • 16. Scope
    • Water scarcity and contamination
    • Animal husbandry practices
    • Latrine scarcity and design
    • Bare-handed dung collection
  • 17. What We’ve Done So Far
    • Epidemiological surveys
    • Analysis of water sources
    • ICPMS and nested PCR (cryptosporidium) on water samples
  • 18.  
  • 19.  
  • 20.  
  • 21. Goals for January
    • Examine women’s hands as an exposure pathway
    • Improve and implement new water sampling protocols / education materials
    • Assess local materials for construction of low-tech water filters
    • Additional bacterial analysis
    • Document piping materials used in running water projects
    • Document fertilizers, pesticides, and rat poisons used in villages
    • Collect soil samples near springs and sediment samples from water sources for geological analysis to determine natural metal content
    • Qualitative analysis of percent contribution of various species to fecal content of water sources
    • Examination of latrine designs and proposal of new methods
  • 22.
    • Organization support
      • Computer training (Excel, Word)
      • Web design
    • Data collection with sensors / phone
      • Air
      • Water
    • Children’s books
    • Manufacture / supply chain / marketing
    • Workshops
    Additional Projects
  • 23.  
  • 24.