Community Oriented Policing( C.O.P.) has changed policing. (Oliver, 2008)
The goals of policing have changed .No longer focused solely on controlling crime(Oliver, 2008)
The goals of policing have changed .•Now, looking at ways to improve the quality oflife for all.•Reducing fear of crime is a major focus. Thepolice are addressing the problems of crime anddisorder. (Oliver, 2008)Watch this video from the Houston PoliceDepartment on the fear of crime.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9BqLmSla03k
Most police departments would agree thatpolicing has changed and the goals ofpolicing have changed as well. (Oliver, 2008)
However, when asked to define communityoriented policing, there in lies the problem.
Why is it so difficult to define community-oriented policing?
It could be a matter of interpretation.One police departments idea of communityoriented policing is to put in place adepartment wide C.O.P. Program.Watch this video from the Ramsey CountySheriffs Office.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fjbam6yFRDYAnother police department”s C.O.P.Program has a single officer who directstraffic at rush hour. See the difference? (Oliver, 2008)
Why is it difficult to implement?No basic premise to work from. (Oliver, 2008)
Why is the absence of a definition critical inunderstanding and implementing asuccessful Community Oriented PolicingProgram?
According to your text lack of a definitioncould mean the following; An alternative route to rapid response. Forexample assigning an officer to a communityfor a period of time so that the communitycould get to know the officer.Implementation of a Neighborhood Watch-the community and the police would worktogether to solve crimes.Seeking out various ways to communicatewith the public. This weekend the policeused the local radio station to reach out tothe public. (Oliver, 2008)
Can we still implement a C.O.P. Program?Yes, we can.
According to your text we need the followingthree components.Strategic oriented policingNeighborhood oriented policingProblem-oriented policing (Oliver, 2008
Strategic- oriented policingA redistribution of resources to identifyproblem areas. The goal is to drive out thecriminal element in the community and givethe community the opportunity to reclaim it.. (Oliver, 2008)
Neighborhood oriented policingIncludes all programs (youth programs,mini police stations, encouraging officers toreside in the community) that would open thelines of communication between the policeand the community. (Oliver,2008)
Problem-oriented policingInvolves the police and the communityworking together to solve crimes. (Oliver, 2008)
Works CitedOliver, William M, Community-OrientedPolicing: A Systematic Approach to Policing,4th Edition, Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2008.Neighborhood Safety. Houston PoliceDepartment National Institute of Justice (NIJ)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9BqLmSla03kRetrieved July 1, 2012.Upward Spiral of Trust:Interview by GraceKelly, The Uptakehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fjbam6yFRDY