Ned Costello - Managing Turbulence


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Presentation from Ned Costello, Chief Executive, Irish Universities Association, to the SCONUL Conference 20-21 June 2013, Dublin

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Ned Costello - Managing Turbulence

  1. 1. ManagingTurbulencePresentation to:SCONUL ConferenceNed CostelloCEOIrish Universities Association
  3. 3. • Credit Explosion• Regulatory failure in international banking system• Commercial and Domestic Property Bubbles• Distortion of tax base & pro-cyclical budgeting• Austerity MeasuresThe Global Meltdown
  4. 4. • By 2015 Tax Revenues will be 8% below 2007 peak• Tax Revenues of €36.6bn - 25% below 2007 peak• Growth in Government expenditure of 7.5%mainly due to social welfare transfer paymentsThe National Meltdown
  5. 5. Gap between revenue and gross voted expenditureis closing…• In 2010 Tax Revenues 33.3% below 2007peak…..with government spend up nearly 12%The National Meltdown
  6. 6. General Government Dept…2007 2011€47bn €169bnDept to GDP Ratio…2007 201125% 106%The National Meltdown
  7. 7. “The UK currently spends£43 billion on debt interest,which is more than it spendson schools in England”.UK Comprehensive SpendingReview 2010
  8. 8. Staff:Student Ratios - mid 20’s:One10% more Students – 10% less StaffWorld Leading Efficiency of Irish HE SystemImprovedWeathering the Storm
  9. 9. High Overall Satisfaction with Quality of GraduatesResearch Funding and Performance doing wellNon Exchequer Funding now between 30-50% ofUniversity BudgetsWeathering the Storm
  10. 10. We have survived 4 years of the greatesteconomic crisis since the great depression!
  11. 11. Strategic Challenges facing InstitutionsSustainabilityParticipationPerformance&AccountabilityGovernanceResearch&InnovationFundingStructures
  12. 12. Participation
  13. 13. ParticipationParticipation Rate now close to 70%UK Participation Rate less than 50%
  14. 14. ParticipationGrowth of24%By 2030
  15. 15. ParticipationA + Bb. Restructureof ExistingCapacitya. AdditionalCapacity
  16. 16. ParticipationSignificant Productivity Gains on ServiceECF has removed 600 non-academic staff since 2008Admin staff have maintained service quality underpressure of resources
  17. 17. ParticipationSpotlight on Education – the role of LibrariesMOOCs – Flavour of the Month but just one aspectof innovation in T&L
  18. 18. • Irish HE – a Binary System• Key Government Aim – a Coordinated SystemsApproach yet respectful of institutional autonomy• Minister for Education’s Response to the HEALandscape ReportStructures
  19. 19. Structures – Landscape Report• 3 IOT’s Progressing to next stage• Strict Criteria must be metTechnologicalUniversities• Mergers between Smaller Institutions• Rationalisation of Teacher EducationMergers• Joint Academic Planning• Programme Rationalisation• Access and Progression• Sharing of FacilitiesRegionalClusters
  20. 20. • Focus on Mergers in Wales• Effect of New Fee Regime in UK• Competition for Places• Unfilled Places in some Institutions• Viability of some Institutions threatened• Compare outcomes of UK and Ireland’s differentemphases on Competition and CollaborationStructures - UK
  21. 21. Performance, Accountability & Governance• New Fee Regime places stronger emphasis onStudent Choice and Voice• Minister Russell focused on changes to Governance• Changes to Composition of Governing Authorities• Introduction of Performance Funding & Compacts• Key Performance Indicators• More Public Reporting on System Performance• Introduction of Student & Employer Surveys• Greater emphasis on individual performance &performance mgmt.
  22. 22. Research Fundinghas fared relatively better than…Core University FundingGovernment recognition of the link between…RESEARCH / INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT / ECONOMIC GROWTHResearch & Innovation
  23. 23. • RAE / REFFocus on…• Organic evolution of specialisation• Driven by competitive funding• Main funder Science Foundation IrelandEmphasis on…• Excellence with Impact• Prioritisation of funding on 14 Priority Areas• Basic Research not precludedResearch & Innovation
  24. 24. Research & InnovationCommercialisation:Growing emphasis on…• Ensuring stable & predictable IP Environment• With easier interaction between public research systemand business• Establishment of cTTO by IUA and EI
  25. 25. Research & InnovationInstitutional Research:Intrinsic linkage between…University Libraries & Entire Academic Research InfrastructureKey Features…• Move to Open Access Repositories• Assembling of Research Intelligence using Bibliometrics• Technology Transfer – emphasis on electronic dissemination andmarketing of IP
  26. 26. Finance“Money, thou bane of bliss,and source of woe”George Herbert’s “Avarice”
  27. 27. FinanceUniversities autonomously control admissionsLittle real constraint on intakeNo off quota places because there are no quotas!
  28. 28. FinanceStudent Charge €3000 by 2016£9000 Fee MaximumNo National Student Loan Scheme
  29. 29. Finance• Income diversification being pursued• Internationalisation is Important• In Research Funding• In Overseas Students and Branch Campuses• Both are National Priorities• Good co-operation between HE Sector &Immigration Authorities
  30. 30. FinancePhilanthropy• Generosity of Atlantic Philanthropies an exception• Philanthropy not as developed in Ireland as in UK• Ireland has a mere handful of philanthropic trusts
  31. 31. FinanceCore Reduction Measures are everywhere:• Swingeing cuts to public service pay• Uni. Remuneration Structures remain rigid• Multiple Grades with significant overlaps• No Pay Spine and No Above Spine Flexible Bargaining
  32. 32. Finance• No Capacity to reward Leadership Positions• No Capacity for Redundancy• Enormous Focus on Cost Reduction• Procurement• Shared Services/Outsourcing• Successful to date on low hanging fruit; cleaning,catering, security…
  33. 33. Issues forDiscussion & Debate
  34. 34. Is the potential for the massification ofhigher education unlimited?
  35. 35. Can the current model of universityeducation sustain very high participationrates or does that model need to change?
  36. 36. Do we need more joined up thinking acrossfurther and higher education about accesstransfer and progression?
  37. 37. Will cost and participation stresses give riseto radical technologically driven changes tomodes of delivery and what are theimplications for libraries?
  38. 38. What is the balance between teaching andresearch institutionally and system wide?Is research intensity enhancing teachingor reputation?
  39. 39. Have we allowed ranking systems to createa false construct of quality by countingwhat can be counted rather than whatcounts?Can Institutional researchand libraries help here?
  40. 40. What is the appropriate balance betweenpublic and private funding?What are the limits of the cost or debtburden which can be sustained by studentsand graduates?
  41. 41. Can we have a rational debate aboutperformance management and local andpublic accountability?
  42. 42. How can we communicate the value ofuniversities to the general public and to thepolitical system?Can librarians to more here to act asambassadors?
  43. 43. Thank You