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Polio Eradication
 

Polio Eradication

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A look at what Rotary's Polio Eradication effort has achieved since its inception in 1985.

A look at what Rotary's Polio Eradication effort has achieved since its inception in 1985.

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    Polio Eradication Polio Eradication Presentation Transcript

    • Polio Eradication A global health success story Dr Kenneth E Collins Rotary International PolioPlus Task Force
    • Deaths 1946 - 55
      • Diphtheria 624
      • Pertussis 429
      • Tetanus 625
      • Polio 1013
      • Measles 495
    • 3H Programme
      • In 1978, RI President Clem Renouf established the Health, Hunger and Humanity (3H) Programme
      • The RI Board agreed that the eradication of poliomyelitis throughout the world be a primary goal of the 3H programme
      • By 1981 polio immunization grants were approved for the Philippines, Haiti and Bolivia, and proposals were considered for Morocco, Sierra Leone and Gambia.
    • Polio 2005 Committee
      • Eradication would require annual, mass immunization campaigns in all polio endemic countries.
      • RI agreed to provide all the polio vaccine required to immunize the 100 million children born each year who were not being immunized.
      • Partnership formed with the World Health Organization, UNICEF and the Centre for Diseases Control.
    • 1985 - 1988
      • Goal: US$120 million
      • Total raised: US$247 million
      • Results:
        • Polio eradicated in Bolivia and Brazil
        • Number of cases had reduced to 350,000 in 125 countries.
    • Polio Incidence - Brazil
    • 1988 - 1993
      • 606 million children immunized in 97 countries
      • However, Polio still flourished in countries such as India.
      • In 1991, National Immunisation Days (NIDs) were introduced in the Philippines and China: all children under 5 years were immunized in a 1 - 2 day period. Polio disappeared very quickly from those countries.
    • NIDs in India
      • First NID in 1995
      • Most recent NID:
        • 709,000 vaccination booths
        • 2,500,000 vaccinators
        • 155,000 supervisors
        • 225,000,000 doses of polio vaccine
        • 6,300,000 ice packs to keep the vaccine cold
        • 209,000,000 homes visited
        • 172,000,000 children immunized
    • Polio in 2001
      • 15 countries reported polio
        • 10 countries were still endemic
        • 5 countries reported importations from other countries
      • Only 483 cases worldwide.
        • 475 of these were in endemic countries
        • Only 8 cases were in non-endemic countries
      • India reported 268 cases
      • Nigeria reported 56 cases
    • Where are we now? 31 14 14 Afghanistan 798 552 372 Nigeria 117 27 31 Pakistan 559 355 184 India 146 60 216 Non-endemic countries 1505 948 601 Endemic countries 1651 1008 817 Globally Total in 2008 Year to date 2008 Year to date 2009 Total cases
    • Gates Challenge
      • Oct 2007: Bill Gates donated US$100 million
      • Feb 2008: Bill Gates donated a further US$255 million
      • Bill Gates challenged Rotarians to raise US$200 million in 3 years
        • i.e. US$2,000 per club per year worldwide
        • US$93 million raised in the 1 st year