En2100 week 3 lecture

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  • Time: ChronemicsSpace: ProxemicsTable 3.1 on page 71Chromatics: use of color as a mode of nonverbal communicationPage 73 color examples
  • Pg. 75 Table 3.2
  • p. 106 examples of sloppy speechp. 107 prolongation
  • Table 6.1 pg 130: Differences between speaking and writing
  • Table 6.1 pg 130: Differences between speaking and writing
  • P 142 nonsexist replacements
  • En2100 week 3 lecture

    1. 1. NAU Shayla Johnston EN2100 Speech Week 3: Delivery
    2. 2. EN2100: Week 3 About Week 3: Delivery This week we review speech preparation, presentation, nonverbal cues, and audience analysis from chapters 3, 5 & 6 in Vasile. We will take Test 2 (LP2) and evaluate a demonstration speech. Online Resources for Week 3 Website: http://www.nauen2100.wordpress.com Survey: http://tinyurl.com/EN2100DEMO Pronouns: http://hbr.org/2011/12/your-use-of-pronouns-reveals-your-personality. Socrative: m.socrative.com in classroom 359674 YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cvtrF350u88 Pre-test: http://tinyurl.com/EN2100PT3 (PTTHREE) LP3
    3. 3. LP3: Delivery Summary: Preparation, presentation, nonverbal cues, and audience analysis. Reading: Ch. 3, 5 & 6 NAU S. Johnston EN2100: Week 3 LP3
    4. 4. Chapter 3 You Don’t Have To Say It To Convey It A. What Is Nonverbal Communication? B. How We Communicate Without Words C. Other Codes D. We Cannot Not Communicate LP3EN2100: Week 3
    5. 5. A. What Is Nonverbal Communication? • Nonverbal communication is the conscious or subconscious transmission and reception of unspoken messages. • Only 10% of a message is communicated verbally. • When a person’s actions and words appear contradictory, the actions are considered more authentic. EN2100: Week 3 LP2Chapter 3
    6. 6. A. What Is Nonverbal Communication? • Action messages considered:  Facial expression  Eye contact  Gestures  Laughing  Coughing  Throat clearing  Vocal pitch  Pauses  Setting of the presentation  Proxemics EN2100: Week 3 LP2Chapter 3
    7. 7. B. How We Communicate Without Words • Messages are conveyed through innumerable methods.  Appearance  Facial expressions  Eyes  Body Movement  Gestures  Touch  Vocalics EN2100: Week 3 LP3Chapter 3
    8. 8. C. Other Codes • Chronemics • Proxemics • Chromatics • Artifacts EN2100: Week 3 LP3Chapter 3
    9. 9. D. We Cannot Not Communicate • Nonverbal communication can be misinterpreted • Context must be considered • What message does the overall attitude convey? • Diversity EN2100: Week 3 LP3Chapter 3
    10. 10. Chapter 5 Make It Clear, Concise, Correct,…and Cohesive A. Clear and Understandable Language B. Your Voice C. Breathing D. Pronunciation E. Articulation, or Diction F. Rate of Speaking G. Pauses H. Pacing I. Expression J. Oral Visualization LP3EN2100: Week 3
    11. 11. A. Clear and Understandable Language For an effective and lively delivery:  Voice  Breathing  Pronunciation  Articulation  Rate of speaking  Pauses  Pacing  Expression  Oral visualization EN2100: Week 3 LP3Chapter 5
    12. 12. B. Your Voice • How can you increase the effectiveness of your use of voice?  Listen to yourself  Pitch  Volume EN2100: Week 3 LP3Chapter 5
    13. 13. C. Breathing • Deep breaths between sentences conveys confidence. • Hyperventilating does not. EN2100: Week 3 LP3Chapter 5
    14. 14. D. Pronunciation • Be aware of regional dialect • Adjust pronunciation for your audience • Examples? EN2100: Week 3 LP3Chapter 5
    15. 15. E. Articulation, or Diction • Articulation • Diction • Enunciation • What is the duration of your vowel and consonant sounds? • What is sloppy speech? EN2100: Week 3 LP3Chapter 5
    16. 16. F. Rate of Speaking • Typical rate of speaking is 130-160 wpm • Machine-gun delivery alienates audience • Sluggish delivery aggravates audience EN2100: Week 2 LP2Chapter 7
    17. 17. G. Pauses • Positive Pauses: planned; enhance delivery • Negative pauses: interrupt delivery EN2100: Week 3 LP3Chapter 5
    18. 18. H. Pacing • Speak at varied rates • Change pace to compliment content EN2100: Week 3 LP3Chapter 5
    19. 19. I. Expression • Facial expression should animate the message • To attract attention, pause • To enumerate steps, count on fingers • To ask a question, raise an eyebrow • To show disbelief, frown. EN2100: Week 3 LP3Chapter 5
    20. 20. J. Oral Visualization • Express a message by conveying first-person experience • See in your mind the event • Feel the reinvented sensations • Convey those emotions to the audience EN2100: Week 3 LP3Chapter 5
    21. 21. Chapter 6 Know Your Listeners and Speak Their Language A. Audience Analysis B. Language and Your Future C. Comparison Between Oral and Written Communication D. Command of the Language E. Use Nonsexist Language F. Putting Words into Sentences LP3EN2100: Week 3
    22. 22. A. Audience Analysis • Age • Gender • Interest in Topic • Attitude toward topic • Knowledge of topic • Education • Cultural interests • Occupation • Economic status • Religious affiliation • Cultural background Class demographic survey: http://tinyurl.com/EN2100DEMO EN2100: Week 3 LP3Chapter 6
    23. 23. B. Language and Your Future • Words are double-edged: can help and hurt you • Words reveal more than expressed message. • Words you choose reveal much about your state of mind, self esteem and intentions. EN2100: Week 3 LP3Chapter 6
    24. 24. B. Language and Your Future • Pennebaker, J. W. (2011). Your Use Of Pronouns Reveals Your Personality. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from http://hbr.org/2011/12/your-use-of-pronouns-reveals-your-personality. EN2100: Week 3 LP3Chapter 6
    25. 25. C. Comparison Between Oral and Written Communication • Written Communication: Words, punctuation, visual formatting used to deliver message • Oral Communication: Words, nonverbal communication and audience interaction used to deliver message EN2100: Week 3 LP3Chapter 6
    26. 26. C. Comparison Between Oral and Written Communication • Clarity • Checking accuracy of written material • Precise wording EN2100: Week 3 LP3Chapter 6
    27. 27. D. Command of the Language • Concrete, specific words (not abstract) • Short, simple words (not pretentious) • Double-talk • Political correct word choice • Loaded words • Cliches • Slang EN2100: Week 3 LP3Chapter 6
    28. 28. E. Use Nonsexist Language • Gender-Neutral language is preferred in all audiences • No longer use “man” instead of “human” • “He” is not a replacement for “he or she” • But “they” has not been accepted as “proper” replacement EN2100: Week 3 LP3Chapter 6
    29. 29. F. Putting Words into Sentences -Sentences should be 5-20 words -Avoid abbreviations -Slang/jargon must be explained -Active verbs -Concrete -Test for clarity: Google Translate -European Commission (2011). How to write clearly. Retrieved from http://bookshop.europa.eu/en/how-to-write- clearly-pbHC3010536/?CatalogCategoryID=SIIKABst.SEAAAEjGJEY4e5L EN2100: Week 3 LP3Chapter 6
    30. 30. NAU Shayla Johnston ICA3: Speech Evaluation Week 3: Delivery
    31. 31. EN2100: Week 3 LP3 ICA3: Speech Evaluation Directions: Review your “Speech Handbook”, as provided with this week’s materials. Then watch the video shown in class. As you follow the video, answer the questions shown at m.socrative.com in classroom 359674. Note the similarities between the ICA3 evaluation and the criteria published in your handbook. Questions 1-5 0:00-1:05 Questions 6-7 1:05-2:35 Questions 8-10 2:35-4:08 Questions 11-20 4:08-end 1:40
    32. 32. NAU Shayla Johnston EN2100 Speech Week 3: Delivery

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