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Designing for Mobile Activities: WiFi hotspots and users in Quebec City

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Presentation given at the 42nd Environmental Design Research Association annual conference in Chicago, 25-28 May 2011.

Presentation given at the 42nd Environmental Design Research Association annual conference in Chicago, 25-28 May 2011.

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  • 1. DESIGNING FOR MOBILE ACTIVITIES WIFI HOTSPOTS AND USERS IN QUEBEC CITY MICHAEL ROBERT DOYLE M. Arch, M.sc. candidate Carole Després, research advisor School of Architecture Université Laval
  • 2. TRANSFORMING PLACES NOMADIC ICT USERS CONNECT AND DISCONNECT (ABBAS 2008) A NEW MOBILITIES PARADIGM: PLACES ARE “MOBILE” (SHELLER & URRY 2006) THE “REACTIVATION” OF PUBLIC SPACES (MITCHELL 2003)MICHAEL ROBERT DOYLE DESIGNING FOR MOBILE ACTIVITIES EDRA 2011 · 26 MAI 2011
  • 3. AFANASYEV, CHEN, VOELKER & SNOEREN (2008) AXTELL, HISLOP & WHITTAKER (2008) BOBOC, DHALEINE & MALLARD (2007) BROWN & O’HARA (2003) FORLANO (2008) GUPTA (2004) HISLOP & AXTELL (2009) HJORTHOL & GRIPSRUD (2009) ITO, OKABE & ANDERSON (2009) KAKIHARA (2003) KENYON & LYONS (2007) KESSELRING & VOGL (2008) LAURIER (2002, 2004) LEE-GOSSELIN & MIRANDA-MORENO (2009) LENZ & NOBIS (2007) LICOPPE, DIMINESCU, SMOREDA & ZIEMLICKI (2008) LYONS, JAIN & HOLLEY (2007) OHMORI, HIRANO & HARATA (2006) OHMORI & HARATA (2008) SRINIVASAN & ATHURU (2004) SRINIVASAN & RAGHAVENDER (2006) TANG & BAKER (2002) THULIN & VILHELMSON (2007) WANG & LAW (2007) ZHANG, CLIFTON & SHENG (2007)MICHAEL ROBERT DOYLE DESIGNING FOR MOBILE ACTIVITIES EDRA 2011 · 26 MAI 2011
  • 4. AFANASYEV, CHEN, VOELKER & SNOEREN (2008) AXTELL, HISLOP & WHITTAKER (2008) BOBOC, DHALEINE & MALLARD (2007) BROWN & O’HARA (2003) FORLANO (2008) GUPTA (2004) HISLOP & AXTELL (2009) HJORTHOL THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT IS NEGLECTED & GRIPSRUDIN(2009) ITO, OKABE & ANDERSON (2009) STUDIES OF MOBILE ICT USE KAKIHARA (2003) KENYON & LYONS (2007) KESSELRING & VOGL (2008) LAURIER (2002, 2004) their ICT? Where are people going with LEE-GOSSELIN & MIRANDA-MORENO (2009) Why? & NOBIS (2007) LICOPPE, LENZ DIMINESCU, SMOREDA To ZIEMLICKI (2008) LYONS, JAIN & & do what? HOLLEY (2007) OHMORI, HIRANO & HARATA (2006) OHMORI & HARATA (2008) SRINIVASAN & ATHURU (2004) SRINIVASAN & RAGHAVENDER (2006) TANG & BAKER (2002) THULIN & VILHELMSON (2007) WANG & LAW (2007) ZHANG, CLIFTON & SHENG (2007)MICHAEL ROBERT DOYLE DESIGNING FOR MOBILE ACTIVITIES EDRA 2011 · 26 MAI 2011
  • 5. WiFi HOTSPOTS (CONVERGENCE POINTS OF MOBILE ACTIVITIES) PLACE-BASED ICT USE IN PUBLIC AND SEMI-PULIC PLACES RELATIVELY EQUAL TECHNOLOGICAL AFFORDANCES (ONE MAJOR PROVIDER IN QUEBEC CITY)MICHAEL ROBERT DOYLE DESIGNING FOR MOBILE ACTIVITIES EDRA 2011 · 26 MAI 2011
  • 6. WIFI NETWORK ANALYSIS OF A DATABASE OF 144 WIFI HOTSPOTS (AFFORDANCES; PROVIDED BY ZAP QUEBEC GIBSON 1977) (NUMBER OF VISITS PER DAY; JAN 2006 – MAR 2010) WIFI HOTSPOTS SPATIAL ANALYSIS OF 9 OF THE MOST VISITED ZAP (PATTEN LANGUAGE; QUEBEC HOTSPOTS ALEXANDER ET AL 1977) (A SELECTION OF PATTERNS BASED ON THE LITERATURE) WIFI USERS INTERNET SURVEY OF 63 USERS OF THE (MOTILITY; KAUFMANN 2002) ZAP QUEBEC WIFI NETWORKMICHAEL ROBERT DOYLE DESIGNING FOR MOBILE ACTIVITIES EDRA 2011 · 26 MAI 2011
  • 7. MICHAEL ROBERT DOYLE DESIGNING FOR MOBILE ACTIVITIES EDRA 2011 · 26 MAI 2011
  • 8. MICHAEL ROBERT DOYLE DESIGNING FOR MOBILE ACTIVITIES EDRA 2011 · 26 MAI 2011
  • 9. ZOOMMICHAEL ROBERT DOYLE DESIGNING FOR MOBILE ACTIVITIES EDRA 2011 · 26 MAI 2011
  • 10. MICHAEL ROBERT DOYLE DESIGNING FOR MOBILE ACTIVITIES EDRA 2011 · 26 MAI 2011
  • 11. MICHAEL ROBERT DOYLE DESIGNING FOR MOBILE ACTIVITIES EDRA 2011 · 26 MAI 2011
  • 12. BEING ONLINE IN THE PRESENCE OF OTHERS (cf. Varnelis 2008) INDOOR HOTSPOT OUTDOOR VIEW TO THE OUTSIDE VIEW TO THE INSIDE A B C1 C2MICHAEL ROBERT DOYLE DESIGNING FOR MOBILE ACTIVITIES EDRA 2011 · 26 MAI 2011
  • 13. THREE WIFI USER PROFILES (n=63) HH w/2+ Work- Workplace(s) Choice of Sex children Transport related hotspot RELAXERS LOCAL (n=17) Proximity to the home (13/17) (4/17) (3/17) Ambience MOBILES URBAN (n=30) Places to sit Power outlets (16/30) (14/30) (9/30) Activities of a SUBURBAN third party PARENTS (n=16) Ambience (11/16) (5/16) (10/16) Speed of WiFiMichael  Doyle    ·∙    Université  Laval   Work  and  Play  in  the  Informa<on  Age   12th  NHR  Colloquium  ·∙  July  2-­‐3  2010  
  • 14. DESIGNING FOR MOBILE ACTIVITIES RETHINKING WORK ENVIRONMENTS (COWORKING SITES, STRATEGIC MOBILE WORKING HUBS, ETC.) EXTENDING THE MOBILITY OF LESS MOBILE MEMBERS OF THE POPULATION (FEELING OF AUTONOMY, SECURITY AND CONNECTEDNESS) FURTHER RESEARCH… (ICT USE AS A MOVING TARGET (3G & 4G))MICHAEL ROBERT DOYLE DESIGNING FOR MOBILE ACTIVITIES EDRA 2011 · 26 MAI 2011
  • 15. THANK YOUmichael.doyle.1@ulaval.ca
  • 16. PATTERNS USED FOR THE FINAL ANALYSIS (of more than 250) •  WINGS OF LIGHT •  POSITIVE OUTDOOR SPACE •  PRIVATE TERRACE •  WINDOWS OVERLOOKING LIFE •  LOW SILL •  MAIN ENTRANCE •  PEDESTRIAN DENSITY •  ACTIVITY POCKETS •  COMMON AREAS AT THE HEARTMICHAEL ROBERT DOYLE DESIGNING FOR MOBILE ACTIVITIES EDRA 2011 · 26 MAI 2011
  • 17. Nom du lieu Type Localisation Pub d’Orsay Bar/Resto Vieux-Québec Au Bonnet d’Âne Bar/Resto Saint-Jean-Baptiste Bibliothèque Gabrielle-Roy Bibliothèque Saint-Roch Brûlerie St-Roch Café Saint-Roch Pub Galway Bar/Resto Montcalm Le Bal du Lézard Bar Limoilou La Fournée BIO Café/Boulangerie Limoilou Café Nagua Café Limoilou Bibliothèque Étienne-Parent Bibliothèque BeauportMICHAEL ROBERT DOYLE DESIGNING FOR MOBILE ACTIVITIES EDRA 2011 · 26 MAI 2011
  • 18. Québec  City  WiFi  Users  (n=63)   Laptop  (53/62)   Male  (40/63)   Aged  35+  (35/63)   MP3  (23/62)   Female  (23/63)   Smartphone  (10/62)  MICHAEL ROBERT DOYLE DESIGNING FOR MOBILE ACTIVITIES EDRA 2011 · 26 MAI 2011
  • 19. Example:  Pub  Galway,  Avenue  CarDer   Group  areas   Individual   Areas   Terrace   PaUerns  (Alexander  et  al  1977)   -­‐ Ac<vity  Pockets   -­‐ Windows  overlooking  life   -­‐ Posi<ve  outdoor  space  MICHAEL ROBERT DOYLE DESIGNING FOR MOBILE ACTIVITIES EDRA 2011 · 26 MAI 2011