INTRODUCTION TO LIBRARY RESEARCH September 2008
Information Literacy <ul><li>This session will give you:  </li></ul><ul><li>An outline of basic research skills. </li></ul...
The Skills of an Effective Researcher   <ul><li>An Effective Researcher Understands:  </li></ul><ul><li>A need for informa...
Good Research Skills Will Allow You To -  <ul><li>Maximise available time. </li></ul><ul><li>Adopt a structured approach t...
Defining Your Topic <ul><li>Clear definition and aims </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Know what you will do and what you wan...
Types of Information:   <ul><li>Source data and text </li></ul><ul><li>Primary publications  </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary p...
Types of Information:  1. Source Data & Text <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Experimental Data </li></ul><ul><li>Texts...
Types of Information: 2. Primary Publications <ul><li>Examples:  </li></ul><ul><li>Peer-reviewed/Non Peer-reviewed Journal...
Types of Information: 3. Secondary Publications <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Abstracting and Indexing  </li></ul><u...
Finding What You Need: <ul><ul><li>Library Catalogues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. British Library, COPAC, M25 Consorti...
Internet Resources <ul><li>Online resources need to be evaluated carefully by: </li></ul><ul><li>Author </li></ul><ul><li>...
Searching Online Catalogues and Databases <ul><li>Author and/or title searching is usually straightforward . </li></ul><ul...
Combining Search Terms     PARACETAMOL   NOT  IBUPROFEN <ul><li>ONLY PARACETAMOL   – IN THE RED AREA </li></ul><ul><li>NOT...
Combining Search Terms    PARACETAMOL   OR  IBUPROFEN  <ul><li>PARACETAMOL  IBUPROFEN </li></ul><ul><li>useful for searchi...
Combining Search Terms     PARACETAMOL   AND  IBUPROFEN  PARACETAMOL   IBUPROFEN   <ul><li>decreases  number of results </...
Evaluation <ul><li>Record and Evaluate Everything as you go along </li></ul><ul><li>Look for: </li></ul><ul><li>Currency <...
Creating Your Bibliography  <ul><li>Maintain the Bibliography as you go, recording negatives as well as positives </li></u...
What Else Can The British Library Offer?   <ul><li>Further in-depth sessions are available in a number of    topics in bot...
The End <ul><li>Any Questions ? </li></ul>
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Introduction to Library Research 2008

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  • &lt;drum roll&gt;
  • Introduction to Library Research 2008

    1. 1. INTRODUCTION TO LIBRARY RESEARCH September 2008
    2. 2. Information Literacy <ul><li>This session will give you: </li></ul><ul><li>An outline of basic research skills. </li></ul><ul><li>An introduction to the resources available. </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Skills of an Effective Researcher <ul><li>An Effective Researcher Understands: </li></ul><ul><li>A need for information </li></ul><ul><li>The resources available </li></ul><ul><li>How to find information </li></ul><ul><li>The need to evaluate results </li></ul><ul><li>How get the most from results </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics and responsibility of use </li></ul><ul><li>How to communicate or share your findings </li></ul><ul><li>How to manage your findings </li></ul>
    4. 4. Good Research Skills Will Allow You To - <ul><li>Maximise available time. </li></ul><ul><li>Adopt a structured approach to research. </li></ul><ul><li>Be more thorough. </li></ul><ul><li>Make better use of resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Become more confident. </li></ul><ul><li>Become more independent. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Defining Your Topic <ul><li>Clear definition and aims </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Know what you will do and what you want to show </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Background reading illustrates the scope of the topic. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Getting a feel for the subject and language used </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Needs limits and/or exclusions. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What you’re not going to cover </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Choose keywords </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Which word or phrases are used in the discussion of your subject </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Types of Information: <ul><li>Source data and text </li></ul><ul><li>Primary publications  </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary publications </li></ul>
    7. 7. Types of Information: 1. Source Data & Text <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Experimental Data </li></ul><ul><li>Texts </li></ul><ul><li>Lab Notebooks </li></ul>
    8. 8. Types of Information: 2. Primary Publications <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Peer-reviewed/Non Peer-reviewed Journals </li></ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><li>Conference Proceedings </li></ul><ul><li>Grey Literature </li></ul><ul><li>Patents </li></ul>
    9. 9. Types of Information: 3. Secondary Publications <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Abstracting and Indexing </li></ul><ul><li>Reviews </li></ul><ul><li>Analyses </li></ul>
    10. 10. Finding What You Need: <ul><ul><li>Library Catalogues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. British Library, COPAC, M25 Consortium, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Online Databases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Certain online databases will be on subscription and licensed so are available on-site only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet Search Engines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>give access to free sites but these need to be evaluated carefully (e.g. Google Scholar, Intute). </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Internet Resources <ul><li>Online resources need to be evaluated carefully by: </li></ul><ul><li>Author </li></ul><ul><li>Publisher </li></ul><ul><li>Date </li></ul><ul><li>Who Sponsors/Funds the Site? </li></ul><ul><li>Has the Information been Edited or Peer Reviewed? </li></ul><ul><li>Can You Trust the Source? </li></ul>
    12. 12. Searching Online Catalogues and Databases <ul><li>Author and/or title searching is usually straightforward . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject searching can require a little more care when combining search terms - </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A ND PARACETAMOL and IBUPROFEN will retrieve records with BOTH words. </li></ul><ul><li>OR PARACETAMOL or IBUPROFEN will retrieve records with EITHER word. </li></ul><ul><li>NOT PARACETAMOL not IBUPROFEN will retrieve records with Paracetamol but NOT with Ibuprofen. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Combining Search Terms PARACETAMOL NOT IBUPROFEN <ul><li>ONLY PARACETAMOL – IN THE RED AREA </li></ul><ul><li>NOTHING FROM IBUPROFEN – THE GREEN AREA </li></ul>
    14. 14. Combining Search Terms PARACETAMOL OR IBUPROFEN <ul><li>PARACETAMOL IBUPROFEN </li></ul><ul><li>useful for searching for synonyms </li></ul><ul><li>increases number of results </li></ul>
    15. 15. Combining Search Terms PARACETAMOL AND IBUPROFEN PARACETAMOL IBUPROFEN <ul><li>decreases number of results </li></ul>
    16. 16. Evaluation <ul><li>Record and Evaluate Everything as you go along </li></ul><ul><li>Look for: </li></ul><ul><li>Currency </li></ul><ul><li>Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarship </li></ul><ul><li>Bias </li></ul>
    17. 17. Creating Your Bibliography <ul><li>Maintain the Bibliography as you go, recording negatives as well as positives </li></ul><ul><li>Retrospective Searching & Current Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Referencing Style (e.g. Harvard - check which style your institution favours) </li></ul><ul><li>Software (e.g. Endnote, Reference Manager) </li></ul><ul><li>Citation and Publication etiquette & ethics   </li></ul>
    18. 18. What Else Can The British Library Offer? <ul><li>Further in-depth sessions are available in a number of topics in both sciences and humanities…including tailored sessions. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t be afraid to ask for help at reading room enquiry desks. </li></ul>
    19. 19. The End <ul><li>Any Questions ? </li></ul>

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